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Exodus 2:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch; and she put the child therein, and laid it in the flags by the river's brink.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when she could hide him no longer, she got him a wicker basket and covered it over with tar and pitch. Then she put the child into it and set [it] among the reeds by the bank of the Nile.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when she could no longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when she could no longer hide him, she took for him an ark of reeds, and plastered it with resin and with pitch, and put the child in it, and laid [it] in the sedge on the bank of the river.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when she could no longer hide him, she took for him an ark of paper-reed, and covered it over with bitumen, and with pitch,—and put therein the child, and laid it among the rushes, upon the bank of the river.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and she hath not been able any more to hide him, and she taketh for him an ark of rushes, and daubeth it with bitumen and with pitch, and putteth the lad in it, and putteth [it] in the weeds by the edge of the River;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when she could hide him no longer, she took a basket made of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and pitch: and put the little babe therein, and laid him in the sedges by the river's brink,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when shee could not longer hide him, she tooke for him an arke of bul-rushes, and daubed it with slime, and with pitch, and put the childe therein, and shee layd it in the flags by the riuers brinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And when they could no longer hide him, his mother took for him an ark, and besmeared it with bitumen, and cast the child into it, and put it in the ooze by the river.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when she could 3201
{3201} Prime
יָכֹל
yakol
{yaw-kole'}
A primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
longer 5750
{5750} Prime
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
hide 6845
{6845} Prime
צָפַן
tsaphan
{tsaw-fan'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering over); by implication to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically (favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
him, she took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for him an ark 8392
{8392} Prime
תֵּבָה
tebah
{tay-baw'}
Perhaps of foreign derivation; a box.
of bulrushes, 1573
{1573} Prime
גֹּמֶא
gome'
{go'-meh}
From H1572; properly an absorbent, that is, the bulrush (from its porosity); specifically the papyrus.
and daubed 2560
{2560} Prime
חָמַר
chamar
{khaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to boil up; hence to ferment (with scum); to glow (with redness); as denominative (from H2564) to smear with pitch.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it with slime 2564
{2564} Prime
חֵמָר
chemar
{khay-mawr'}
From H2560; bitumen (as rising to the surface).
and with pitch, 2203
{2203} Prime
זֶפֶת
zepheth
{zeh'-feth}
From an unused root (meaning to liquify); asphalt (from its tendency to soften in the sun).
and put 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the child 3206
{3206} Prime
יֶלֶד
yeled
{yeh'-led}
From H3205; something born, that is, a lad or offspring.
therein; and she laid 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it] in the flags 5488
{5488} Prime
סוּף
cuwph
{soof}
Probably of Egyptian origin; a reed, especially the papyrus.
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the river's 2975
{2975} Prime
יְאוֹר
y@`or
{yeh-ore'}
Of Egyptian origin; a channel, for example a fosse, canal, shaft; specifically the Nile, as the one river of Egypt, including its collateral trenches; also the Tigris, as the main river of Assyria.
brink. 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 2:3

_ _ she took for him an ark of bulrushes — papyrus, a thick, strong, and tough reed.

_ _ slime — the mud of the Nile, which, when hardened, is very tenacious.

_ _ pitch — mineral tar. Boats of this description are seen daily floating on the surface of the river, with no other caulking than Nile mud (compare Isaiah 18:2), and they are perfectly watertight, unless the coating is forced off by stormy weather.

_ _ flags — a general term for sea or river weed. The chest was not, as is often represented, committed to the bosom of the water but laid on the bank, where it would naturally appear to have been drifted by the current and arrested by the reedy thicket. The spot is traditionally said to be the Isle of Rodah, near Old Cairo.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 2:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 2:3

And when she could no longer hide him, she put him in an ark of bulrushes — By the river side. God put it into their hearts to do this, to bring about his own purposes: that Moses might by this means be brought into the hands of Pharaoh's daughter, and that by his deliverance, a specimen might be given of the deliverance of God's church.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 2:3

And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and (b) put the child therein; and she laid [it] in the flags by the river's brink.

(b) Committing him to the providence of God, whom she could not keep from the rage of the tyrant.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
could not:

Exodus 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Matthew 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
Acts 7:19 The same dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live.

an ark:

Isaiah 18:2 That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters, [saying], Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down, whose land the rivers have spoiled!

bulrushes:
Gome, is the papyrus, so famous in all antiquity. It grows on the banks of the Nile, and in marshy grounds; the stalk rises to the height of six or seven cubits above the water, is triangular, and terminates in a crown of small filaments, resembling hair. This reed was of the greatest use to the Egyptians; the pith serving them for food, and the woody part to build vessels with; which vessels frequently appear on various monuments of Egyptian antiquity. That boats were made of this reed is also attested by Pliny and others.

with slime:

Genesis 6:14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Genesis 11:3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.
Genesis 14:10 And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
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Gn 6:14; 11:3; 14:10. Ex 1:22. Is 18:2. Mt 2:13, 16. Ac 7:19.

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