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Exodus 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs, to water their father's flock.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the priest of Midian, had seven daughters,—and they came and drew, and filled the troughs, to water their fathers flock.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And to a priest of Midian [are] seven daughters, and they come and draw, and fill the troughs, to water the flock of their father,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the priest of Madian had seven daughters, who came to draw water: and when the troughs were filled, desired to water their father's flocks.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now the Priest of Midian had seuen daughters, and they came and drew water, and filled the troughes to water their fathers flocke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the priest of Midian{gr.Madiam} had seven daughters, feeding the flock of their father Jethro{gr.Jothor}; and they came and drew water until they filled their pitchers, to water the flock of their father Jethro{gr.Jothor}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now the priest of Midyan had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now the priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
of Miyn מִדיָן 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
had seven 7651
{7651} Prime
שֶׁבַע
sheba`
{sheh'-bah}
From H7650; a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication a week; by extension an indefinite number.
daughters: 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
and they came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and drew 1802
{1802} Prime
דָּלָה
dalah
{daw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H1809); properly to dangle, that is, to let down a bucket (for drawing out water); figuratively to deliver.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[water], and filled 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the troughs 7298
{7298} Prime
רַהַט
rahat
{rah'-hat}
From an unused root apparently meaning to hollow out; a channel or watering box; by resemblance a ringlet of hair (as forming parallel lines).
to water 8248
{8248} Prime
שָׁקָה
shaqah
{shaw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to quaff, that is, (causatively) to irrigate or furnish a potion to.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
their father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
flock. 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 2:16-22

_ _ the priest of Midian — or, “prince of Midian.” As the officers were usually conjoined, he was the ruler also of the people called Cushites or Ethiopians, and like many other chiefs of pastoral people in that early age, he still retained the faith and worship of the true God.

_ _ seven daughters — were shepherdesses to whom Moses was favorably introduced by an act of courtesy and courage in protecting them from the rude shepherds of some neighboring tribe at a well. He afterwards formed a close and permanent alliance with this family by marrying one of the daughters, Zipporah, “a little bird,” called a Cushite or Ethiopian (Numbers 12:1), and whom Moses doubtless obtained in the manner of Jacob by service [see Exodus 3:1]. He had by her two sons, whose names were, according to common practice, commemorative of incidents in the family history [Exodus 18:3, Exodus 18:4].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 2:16-22

_ _ Moses here gains a settlement in Midian, just as his father Jacob had gained one in Syria, Genesis 29:2, etc. And both these instances should encourage us to trust Providence, and to follow it. Events that seem inconsiderable, and purely accidental, afterwards appear to have been designed by the wisdom of God for very good purposes, and of great consequence to his people. A casual transient occurrence has sometimes occasioned the greatest and happiest turns of a man's life. Observe,

_ _ I. Concerning the seven daughters of Reuel the priest or prince of Midian. 1. They were humble, and very industrious, according as the employment of the country was: they drew water for their father's flock, Exodus 2:16. If their father was a prince, it teaches us that even those who are honourably born, and are of quality and distinction in their country, should yet apply themselves to some useful business, and what their hand finds to do do it with all their might. Idleness can be no one's honour. If their father was a priest, it teaches us that ministers' children should, in a special manner, be examples of humility and industry. 2. They were modest, and would not ask this strange Egyptian to come home with them (though handsome and a great courtier), till their father sent for him. Modesty is the ornament of woman.

_ _ II. Concerning Moses. He was taken for an Egyptian (Exodus 2:19); and strangers must be content to be the subjects of mistake; but it is observable, 1. How ready he was to help Reuel's daughters to water their flocks. Though bred in learning and at court, yet he knew how to turn his hand to such an office as this when there was occasion; nor had he learned of the Egyptians to despise shepherds. Note, Those that have had a liberal education yet should not be strangers to servile work, because they know not what necessity Providence may put them in of working for themselves, or what opportunity Providence may give them of being serviceable to others. These young women, it seems, met with some opposition in their employment, more than they and their servants could conquer; the shepherds of some neighbouring prince, as some think, or some idle fellows that called themselves shepherds, drove away their flocks; but Moses, though melancholy and in distress, stood up and helped them, not only to get clear of the shepherds, but, when that was done, to water the flocks. This he did, not only in complaisance to the daughters of Reuel (though that also did very well become him), but because, wherever he was, as occasion offered itself, (1.) He loved to be doing justice, and appearing in the defence of such as he saw injured, which every man ought to do as far as it is in the power of his hand to do it. (2.) He loved to be doing good. Wherever the Providence of God casts us we should desire and endeavour to be useful; and, when we cannot do the good we would, we must be ready to do the good we can. And he that is faithful in a little shall be entrusted with more. 2. How well he was paid for his serviceableness. When the young women acquainted their father with the kindnesses they had received from this stranger, he sent to invite him to his house, and made much of him, Exodus 2:20. Thus God will recompense the kindnesses which are at any time shown to his children; they shall in no wise lose their reward. Moses soon recommended himself to the esteem and good affection of this prince of Midian, who took him into his house, and, in process of time, married one of his daughters to him (Exodus 2:21), by whom he had a son, whom he called Gershom, a stranger there (Exodus 2:22), that if ever God should give him a home of his own he might keep in remembrance the land in which he had been a stranger. Now this settlement of Moses in Midian was designed by Providence, (1.) To shelter him for the present. God will find hiding-places for his people in the day of their distress; nay, he will himself be to them a little sanctuary, and will secure them, either under heaven or in heaven. But, (2.) It was also designed to prepare him for the great services he was further designed for. His manner of life in Midian, where he kept the flock of his father-in-law (having none of his own to keep), would be of use to him, [1.] To inure him to hardship and poverty, that he might learn how to want as well as how to abound. Those whom God intends to exalt he first humbles. [2.] To inure him to contemplation and devotion. Egypt accomplished him as a scholar, a gentleman, a statesman, a soldier, all which accomplishments would be afterwards of use to him; but yet he lacked one thing, in which the court of Egypt could not befriend him. He that was to do all by divine revelation must know, by a long experience, what it was to live a life of communion with God; and in this he would be greatly furthered by the solitude and retirement of a shepherd's life in Midian. By the former he was prepared to rule in Jeshurun, but by the latter he was prepared to converse with God in Mount Horeb, near which mount he had spent much of his time. Those that know what it is to be alone with God in holy exercises are acquainted with better delights than ever Moses tasted in the court of Pharaoh.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the priest:
or, prince,
Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, [even] to Horeb.
Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.
Genesis 41:45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over [all] the land of Egypt.
*marg.

they came:

Genesis 24:11 And he made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of water at the time of the evening, [even] the time that women go out to draw [water].
Genesis 24:14-20 And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: [let the same be] she [that] thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto my master. ... And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again unto the well to draw [water], and drew for all his camels.
Genesis 29:6-10 And he said unto them, [Is] he well? And they said, [He is] well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh with the sheep. ... And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, that Jacob went near, and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban his mother's brother.
1 Samuel 9:11 [And] as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here?
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Gn 14:18; 24:11, 14; 29:6; 41:45. Ex 3:1. 1S 9:11.

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