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Exodus 19:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not near a woman.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day; do not come near [your] wives.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said unto the people, Be ready, by the third day,—do not approach a woman.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he saith unto the people, 'Be ye prepared for the third day, come not nigh unto a woman.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee said vnto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wiues.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said to the people, Be ready: for three days come not near to a woman.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
Be 1961
{1961} Prime
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
ready 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
against the third 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
day: 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
come 5066
{5066} Prime
נגשׁ
nagash
{naw-gash'}
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
at x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
[your] wives. 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 19:9-15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 19:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 19:15

And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] (f) wives.

(f) But give yourselves to prayer and abstinence, that you may at this time attend only upon the Lord, (1 Corinthians 7:5).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Be ready:

Amos 4:12 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: [and] because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.
Malachi 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
Matthew 3:10-12 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. ... Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
Matthew 24:44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.
2 Peter 3:11-12 [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, ... Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

the third:

Exodus 19:11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
Exodus 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled.

come not:

1 Samuel 21:4-5 And the priest answered David, and said, [There is] no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. ... And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women [have been] kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and [the bread is] in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
Joel 2:16 Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.
Zechariah 6:3 And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses.
Zechariah 7:3 [And] to speak unto the priests which [were] in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years?
Zechariah 12:12-14 And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; ... All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.
1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud ye not one the other, except [it be] with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:11, 16. 1S 21:4. Jol 2:16. Am 4:12. Zc 6:3; 7:3; 12:12. Mal 3:2. Mt 3:10; 24:44. 1Co 7:5. 2P 3:11.

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