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Exodus 16:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said unto them, This is that which Jehovah hath spoken, Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy sabbath unto Jehovah: bake that which ye will bake, and boil that which ye will boil; and all that remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto them, This [is that] which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— then he said to them, “This is what the LORD meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to them, This [is that] which the LORD hath said, To-morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath to the LORD: bake [that] which ye will bake [to-day], and boil that ye will boil; and that which remaineth over, lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said to them, This is what Jehovah has said: To-morrow is the rest, the holy sabbath, of Jehovah: bake what ye will bake, and cook what ye will cook; and lay up for yourselves all that remains over, to be kept for the morning.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said unto them—That, is what Yahweh spake. The observance of a holy sabbath to Yahweh, is tomorrow,—what ye would bake, bake, and, what ye would boil, boil, and, all that is left over, put by you, to keep until the morning.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he saith unto them, 'It [is] that which Jehovah hath spoken [of]; a rest—a holy sabbath to Jehovah—[is] to-morrow; that which ye bake, bake; and that which ye boil, boil; and all that is over, let rest for yourselves in charge till the morning.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to them: This is what the Lord hath spoken: To morrow is the rest of the sabbath sanctified to the Lord. Whatsoever work is to be done, do it; and the meats that are to be dressed, dress them; and whatsoever shall remain, lay it up until the morning.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said vnto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy Sabbath vnto the LORD: bake that which you will bake, to day, and seethe that ye will seethe, and that which remaineth ouer, lay vp for you to be kept vntill the morning.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} said to them, Is not this the word which the Lord spoke? To-morrow [is] the sabbath, a holy rest to the Lord: bake that ye will bake, and seethe that ye will seethe, and all that is over leave to be laid by for the morrow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said unto them, This [is that] which Yahweh hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto Yahweh: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them, This x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is that] which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath said, 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
To morrow 4279
{4279} Prime
מָחָר
machar
{maw-khar'}
Probably from H0309; properly deferred, that is, the morrow; usually (adverbially) tomorrow; indefinitely hereafter.
[is] the rest 7677
{7677} Prime
שַׁבָּתוֹן
shabbathown
{shab-baw-thone'}
From H7676; a sabbatism or special holiday.
of the holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
sabbath 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
unto Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
bake 644
{0644} Prime
אָפַה
'aphah
{aw-faw'}
A primitive root; to cook, especially to bake.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
[that] x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye will bake 644
{0644} Prime
אָפַה
'aphah
{aw-faw'}
A primitive root; to cook, especially to bake.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[to day], and seethe 1310
{1310} Prime
בָּשַׁל
bashal
{baw-shal'}
A primitive root; properly to boil up; hence to be done in cooking; figuratively to ripen.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye will seethe; 1310
{1310} Prime
בָּשַׁל
bashal
{baw-shal'}
A primitive root; properly to boil up; hence to be done in cooking; figuratively to ripen.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
and that which 3605
{3605} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
remaineth over 5736
{5736} Prime
עָדַף
`adaph
{aw-daf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively have) redundant.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
lay up y3240
[3240] Standard
יָנַח
yanach
{yaw-nakh'}
A primitive root; to deposit; by implication to allow to stay. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to H5117, and the others here).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
x5117
(5117) Complement
נוּחַ
nuwach
{noo'-akh}
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
for you to be kept 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
until x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the morning. 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 16:13-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 16:22-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 16:23

Here is a plain intimation of the observing a seventh day sabbath, not only before the giving of the law upon mount Sinai, but before the bringing of Israel out of Egypt and therefore from the beginning. If the sabbath had now been first instituted, how could Moses have understood what God said to him, Exodus 16:4, concerning a double portion to be gathered on the sixth day, without making any express mention of the sabbath? And how could the people so readily take the hint, Exodus 16:22, even to the surprize of the rulers, before Moses had declared that it was done with regard to the sabbath, if they had not had some knowledge of the sabbath before? The setting apart of one day in seven for holy work, and in order to that for holy rest, was a divine appointment ever since God created man upon the earth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rest:

Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. ... For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Exodus 31:15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh [is] the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth [any] work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
Exodus 35:3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
Genesis 2:2-3 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. ... And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
Leviticus 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day [is] the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work [therein]: it [is] the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
Mark 2:27-28 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: ... Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Revelation 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

bake:

Numbers 11:8 [And] the people went about, and gathered [it], and ground [it] in mills, or beat [it] in a mortar, and baked [it] in pans, and made cakes of it: and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:2. Ex 20:8; 31:15; 35:3. Lv 23:3. Nu 11:8. Mk 2:27. Lk 23:56. Rv 1:10.

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