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Exodus 15:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then were the chiefs of Edom dismayed; The mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them: All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then the chiefs of Edom were dismayed; The leaders of Moab, trembling grips them; All the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then the princes of Edom were amazed; The mighty men of Moab, trembling hath seized them; All the inhabitants of Canaan melted away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, were amazed the chiefs of Edom, The mighty ones of Moab, there seizeth them, a trembling,—Melted away, have all the dwellers of Canaan:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then have chiefs of Edom been troubled: Mighty ones of Moab—Trembling doth seize them! Melted have all inhabitants of Canaan!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then were the princes of Edom troubled, trembling seized on the stout men of Moab: all the inhabitants of Chanaan became stiff.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the dukes of Edom shal be amased: the mighty men of Moab trembling shall take hold vpon them: all the inhabitants of Canaan shal melt away.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then the princes of Edom, and the chiefs of the Moabites hasted; trembling took hold upon them, all the inhabitants of Canaan{gr.Chanaan} melted away.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moav, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Kenaan shall melt away.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 227
{0227} Prime
אָז
'az
{awz}
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
the dukes 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
of m אֱדוֹם 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
shall be amazed; 926
{0926} Prime
בּהל
bahal
{baw-hal'}
A primitive root; to tremble inwardly (or palpitate), that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) (suddenly) alarmed or agitated; by implication to hasten anxiously.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
the mighty men 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
of Mv מוֹאָב, 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
trembling 7461
{7461} Prime
רַעַד
ra`ad
{rah'-ad}
From H7460; a shudder.
shall take hold y270
[0270] Standard
אָחַז
'achaz
{aw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x270
(0270) Complement
אָחַז
'achaz
{aw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
them; all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
shall melt away. 4127
{4127} Prime
מוּג
muwg
{moog}
A primitive root; to melt, that is, literally (to soften, flow down, disappear), or figuratively (to fear, faint).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 15:1-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
dukes:

Genesis 36:40 And these [are] the names of the dukes [that came] of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,
Numbers 20:14-21 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: ... Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.
Deuteronomy 2:4 And command thou the people, saying, Ye [are] to pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir; and they shall be afraid of you: take ye good heed unto yourselves therefore:
1 Chronicles 1:51-54 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth, ... Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These [are] the dukes of Edom.

Moab:

Numbers 22:3-5 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel. ... He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which [is] by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me:
Habakkuk 3:7 I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: [and] the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.

all the:

Joshua 2:11 And as soon as we had heard [these things], our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he [is] God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.
Joshua 5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which [were] on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which [were] by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.

melt:

Deuteronomy 20:8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man [is there that is] fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his heart.
Joshua 2:9 And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.
*marg.
Joshua 14:8 Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD my God.
1 Samuel 14:16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down [one another].
2 Samuel 17:10 And he also [that is] valiant, whose heart [is] as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father [is] a mighty man, and [they] which [be] with him [are] valiant men.
Psalms 68:2 As smoke is driven away, [so] drive [them] away: as wax melteth before the fire, [so] let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
Isaiah 13:7 Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:
Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
Ezekiel 21:7 And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak [as] water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
Nahum 2:10 She is empty, and void, and waste: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 36:40. Nu 20:14; 22:3. Dt 2:4; 20:8. Jsh 2:9, 11; 5:1; 14:8. 1S 14:16. 2S 17:10. 1Ch 1:51. Ps 68:2. Is 13:7; 19:1. Ezk 21:7. Na 2:10. Hab 3:7.

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