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Exodus 13:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break its neck: and all the first-born of man among thy sons shalt thou redeem.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But every first offspring of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, but if you do not redeem [it], then you shall break its neck; and every firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the first-born of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And every firstling of an ass shalt thou ransom with a lamb; and if thou do not ransom it, thou shalt break its neck; and every firstborn of a man among thy sons shalt thou ransom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, every firstling of an ass, shalt thou redeem with a lamb or, if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break its neck,—but, every firstborn of men among thy sons, shalt thou redeem.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And every firstling of an ass thou dost ransom with a lamb, and if thou dost not ransom [it], then thou hast beheaded it: and every first-born of man among thy sons thou dost ransom.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The firstborn of an ass thou shalt change for a sheep: and if thou do not redeem it, thou shalt kill it. And every firstborn of men thou shalt redeem with a price.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And euery firstling of an asse thou shalt redeeme with a lambe: and if thou wilt not redeeme it, then thou shalt breake his necke, and all the first borne of man amongst thy children shalt thou redeeme.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Every [offspring] opening the womb of the ass thou shalt change for a sheep; and if thou wilt not change it, thou shalt redeem it: every first-born of man of thy sons shalt thou redeem.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
firstling 6363
{6363} Prime
פֶּטֶר
peter
{peh'-ter}
From H6362; a fissure, that is, (concretely) firstling (as opening the matrix).
of an ass 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
thou shalt redeem 6299
{6299} Prime
פָּדָה
padah
{paw-daw'}
A primitive root; to sever, that is, ransom; generally to release, preserve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with a lamb; 7716
{7716} Prime
שֶׂה
seh
{seh}
Probably from H7582 through the idea of pushing out to graze; a member of a flock, that is, a sheep or goat.
and if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou wilt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
redeem 6299
{6299} Prime
פָּדָה
padah
{paw-daw'}
A primitive root; to sever, that is, ransom; generally to release, preserve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it, then thou shalt break his neck: 6202
{6202} Prime
עָרַף
`araph
{aw-raf'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H6201 through the idea of sloping); properly to bend downward; but used only as a denominative from H6203, to break the neck; hence (figuratively) to destroy.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the firstborn 1060
{1060} Prime
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
of man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
among thy children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
shalt thou redeem. 6299
{6299} Prime
פָּדָה
padah
{paw-daw'}
A primitive root; to sever, that is, ransom; generally to release, preserve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 13:12-13.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 13:11-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 13:13

Thou shalt redeem — The price of the redemption was fixed by the law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 13:13

And every firstling of an (g) ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou (h) redeem.

(g) This is also understood about the horse and other beasts which were not offered in sacrifice.

(h) By offering a clean beast in sacrifice; (Leviticus 12:6).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of an ass:

Exodus 34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem [him] not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.
Numbers 18:15-17 Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, [whether it be] of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem. ... But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they [are] holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat [for] an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD.

lamb:
or, kid,
Exodus 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of [their] fathers, a lamb for an house:
Exodus 12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.

shalt thou:

Numbers 3:46-51 And for those that are to be redeemed of the two hundred and threescore and thirteen of the firstborn of the children of Israel, which are more than the Levites; ... And Moses gave the money of them that were redeemed unto Aaron and to his sons, according to the word of the LORD, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 18:15-16 Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, [whether it be] of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem. ... And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shalt thou redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which [is] twenty gerahs.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
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Ex 12:3, 21; 34:20. Nu 3:46; 18:15. Rv 14:4.

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