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Exodus 12:43 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no foreigner eat thereof;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: there shall no stranger eat of it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: No stranger shall eat of it;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Yahweh said unto Moses and Aaron: This, is the statute of the passover,—No stranger, shall eat thereof;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron, 'This [is] a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase; no foreigner shall eat of it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD saide vnto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passeouer: there shall no stranger eate thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord said to Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron, This is the law of the passover: no stranger shall eat of it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh said unto Mosheh and Aharon, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
said 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן, 175
{0175} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
This x2063
(2063) Complement
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
[is] the ordinance 2708
{2708} Prime
Feminine of H2706, and meaning substantially the same.
of the passover: 6453
{6453} Prime
From H6452; a pretermission, that is, exemption; used only technically of the Jewish Passover (the festival or the victim).
There shall no x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
stranger 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
{5236} Prime
From H5234; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom.
eat 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 12:43-51

_ _ Some further precepts are here given concerning the passover, as it should be observed in times to come.

_ _ I. All the congregation of Israel must keep it, Exodus 12:47. All that share in God's mercies should join in thankful praises for them. Though it was observed in families apart, yet it is looked upon as the act of the whole congregation; for the smaller communities constituted the greater. The New Testament passover, the Lord's supper, ought not to be neglected by any who are capable of celebrating it. He is unworthy the name of an Israelite that can contentedly neglect the commemoration of so great a deliverance. 1. No stranger that was uncircumcised might be admitted to eat of it, Exodus 12:43, Exodus 12:45, Exodus 12:48. None might sit at the table but those that came in by the door; nor may any now approach to the improving ordinance of the Lord's supper who have not first submitted to the initiating ordinance of baptism. We must be born again by the word ere we can be nourished by it. Nor shall any partake of the benefit of Christ's sacrifice, or feast upon it, who are not first circumcised in heart, Colossians 2:11. 2. Any stranger that was circumcised might be welcome to eat of the passover, even servants, Exodus 12:44. If, by circumcision, they would make themselves debtors to the law in its burdens, they were welcome to share in the joy of its solemn feasts, and not otherwise. Only it is intimated (Exodus 12:48) that those who were masters of families must not only be circumcised themselves, but have all their males circumcised too. If in sincerity, and with that zeal which the thing required and deserves, we give up ourselves to God, we shall, with ourselves, give up all we have to him, and do our utmost that all ours may be his too. Here is an early indication of favour to the poor Gentiles, that the stranger, if circumcised, stands upon the same level with the home-born Israelite. One law for both, Exodus 12:49. This was a mortification to the Jews, and taught them that it was their dedication to God, not their descent from Abraham, that entitled them to their privileges. A sincere proselyte was as welcome to the passover as a native Israelite, Isaiah 56:6, Isaiah 56:7.

_ _ II. In one house shall it be eaten (Exodus 12:46), for good-fellowship sake, that they might rejoice together, and edify one another in the eating of it. None of it must be carried to another place, nor left to another time; for God would not have them so taken up with care about their departure as to be indisposed to take the comfort of it, but to leave Egypt, and enter upon a wilderness, with cheerfulness, and, in token of that, to eat a good hearty meal. The papists' carrying their consecrated host from house to house is not only superstitious in itself, but contrary to this typical law of the passover, which directed that no part of the lamb should be carried abroad.

_ _ The chapter concludes with a repetition of the whole matter, that the children of Israel did as they were bidden, and God did for them as he promised (Exodus 12:50, Exodus 12:51); for he will certainly be the author of salvation to those that obey him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 12:43

And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This [is] the ordinance of the passover: (t) There shall no stranger eat thereof:

(t) Unless he is circumcised, and professes your religion only.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
There shall:

Exodus 12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.
Leviticus 22:10 There shall no stranger eat [of] the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat [of] the holy thing.
Numbers 9:14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.
Ephesians 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
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Ex 12:48. Lv 22:10. Nu 9:14. Ep 2:12.

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