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Esther 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jew's enemy, slew they; but on the spoil they laid not their hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews’ enemy; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, they slew; but on the spoil they laid not their hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the oppressor of the Jews, they slew; but they laid not their hands on the prey.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— the ten sons of Haman son of Hammedatha, the adversary of the Jews, slew they,—but, on the spoil, thrust they not forth their hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— ten sons of Haman son of Hammedatha, adversary of the Jews, they have slain, and on the prey they have not put forth their hand.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when they had slain them, they would not touch the spoils of their goods.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The ten sonnes of Haman the sonne of Hammedatha, the enemie of the Iewes, slew they, but on the spoile laid they not their hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the ten sons of Haman{gr.Aman} the son of Amadathes the Bugaean, the enemy of the Jews, and they plundered [their property] on the same day:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Yehudim, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The ten 6235
{6235} Prime
עֶשֶׂר
`eser
{eh'-ser}
From H6237; ten (as an accumulation to the extent of the digits).
sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Hmn הָמָן 2001
{2001} Prime
הָמָן
Haman
{haw-mawn'}
Of foreign derivation; Haman, a Persian vizier.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Hamm הַמְּדָתָא, 4099
{4099} Prime
הַמְּדָתָא
M@datha
{med-aw-thaw'}
Of Persian origin; Medatha, the father of Haman. (Including the article.).
the enemy 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the Yhm יְהוּדִים, 3064
{3064} Prime
יְהוּדִי
Y@huwdiy
{yeh-hoo-dee'}
Patronymic from H3063; a Jehudite (that is, Judaite or Jew), or descendant of Jehudah (that is, Judah).
slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
they; but on the spoil 961
{0961} Prime
בִּזָּה
bizzah
{biz-zaw'}
Feminine of H0957; booty.
laid 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
they not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
their hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Esther 9:5-16.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Esther 9:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Esther 9:10

But, &c. — Because they would leave it to their children, that it might appear what they did was not done out of malice, or covetousness, but out of mere necessity, and by that great law of self — preservation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Esther 9:10

The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but (e) on the spoil laid they not their hand.

(e) By which they declared that this was God's just judgment on the enemies of his Church as they fought not for their own gain, but to execute his vengeance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ten sons:

Esther 5:11 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all [the things] wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Job 18:18-19 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world. ... He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
Job 27:13-15 This [is] the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, [which] they shall receive of the Almighty. ... Those that remain of him shall be buried in death: and his widows shall not weep.
Psalms 21:10 Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men.
Psalms 109:12-13 Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: neither let there be any to favour his fatherless children. ... Let his posterity be cut off; [and] in the generation following let their name be blotted out.

enemy:

Esther 3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that [were] with him.
Esther 7:4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
Esther 7:6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy [is] this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
Exodus 17:16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.

but on the spoil:
It does not appear that the Jews slew any person who did not rise up to destroy them. They stood for their lives; and gave full proof that they sought their own personal safety, and not the property of their enemies. Though the decree in their favour gave them authority to take the property of all their adversaries.
Esther 9:15-16 For the Jews that [were] in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand. ... But the other Jews that [were] in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
Esther 8:11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey,
Genesis 14:23 That I will not [take] from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that [is] thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:
Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:23. Ex 17:16; 20:5. Es 3:1; 5:11; 7:4, 6; 8:11; 9:15. Jb 18:18; 27:13. Ps 21:10; 109:12. Ro 12:17. Php 4:8.

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