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Esther 8:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Mordecai went forth from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a robe of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan shouted and was glad.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal robes of blue and white, with a large crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa shouted and rejoiced.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced, and was glad:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a mantle of byssus and purple; and the city of Shushan shouted and was glad.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Mordecai, went forth from the presence of the king, in royal apparel, of blue and white, with a large diadem of gold, and a mantle of fine linen and purple,—and, the city Shusan, was bright and joyful.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Mordecai went out from before the king, in royal clothing of blue and white, and a great crown of gold, and a garment of fine linen and purple, and the city of Shushan hath rejoiced and been glad;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Mardochai going forth out of the palace, and from the king's presence, shone in royal apparel, to wit, of violet and sky colour, wearing a golden crown on his head, and clothed with a cloak of silk and purple. And all the city rejoiced, and was glad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king, in royall apparell, of blew and white, and with a great crowne of gold, and with a garment of fine linnen, and purple, and the citie of Shushan reioyced, and was glad:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mordecai{gr.Mardochaeus} went forth robed in the royal apparel, and wearing a golden crown, and a diadem of fine purple linen: and the people in Shushan{gr.Susa} saw [it] and rejoiced.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mordokhay went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Morday מָרדֳּכַי 4782
{4782} Prime
Of foreign derivation; Mordecai, an Israelite.
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from the presence 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the king 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
in royal 4438
{4438} Prime
From H4427; a rule; concretely a dominion.
apparel 3830
{3830} Prime
From H3847; a garment (literally or figuratively); by implication (euphemistically) a wife.
of blue 8504
{8504} Prime
Probably for H7827; the cerulean mussel, that is, the color (violet) obtained therefrom or stuff dyed therewith.
and white, 2353
{2353} Prime
From H2357; white linen.
and with a great 1419
{1419} Prime
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
crown 5850
{5850} Prime
From H5849; a crown.
of gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
and with a garment 8509
{8509} Prime
Apparently from an unused root meaning to encompass; a wrapper or robe.
of fine linen 948
{0948} Prime
From an unused root (of the same form) meaning to bleach, that is, (intransitively) be white; probably cotton (of some sort).
and purple: 713
{0713} Prime
Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff).
and the city 5892
{5892} Prime
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of an שׁוּשַׁן 7800
{7800} Prime
The same as H7799; Shushan, a place in Persia.
rejoiced 6670
{6670} Prime
A primitive root; to gleam, that is, (figuratively) be cheerful; by transference, to sound clear (of various animal or human expressions).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and was glad. y8056
[8056] Standard
From H8055; blithe or gleeful.
(8055) Complement
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Esther 8:15

_ _ Esther 8:15-17. Mordecai’s honors, and the Jews’ joy.

_ _ Mordecai went out ... in royal apparel — He was invested with the khelaat of official honor. A dress of blue and white was held in great estimation among the Persians; so that Mordecai, whom the king delighted to honor, was in fact arrayed in the royal dress and insignia. The variety and the kind of insignia worn by a favorite at once makes known to the people the particular dignity to which he has been raised.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Esther 8:15-17

_ _ It was but a few days ago that we had Mordecai in sackcloth and all the Jews in sorrow; but here is a blessed change, Mordecai in purple and all the Jews in joy. See Psalms 30:5, Psalms 30:11, Psalms 30:12. 1. Mordecai in purple, Esther 8:15. Having obtained an order for the relief of all the Jews, he was easy, he parted with his mourning weeds, and put on the royal apparel, which either belonged to his place or which the king appointed him as a favourite. His robes were rich, blue and white, of fine linen and purple; so was his coronet: it was of gold. These are things not worth taking notice of, but as they were marks of the king's favour, and that the fruit of God's favour to his church. It is well with a land when the ensigns of dignity are made the ornaments of serious piety. The city Shushan was sensible of its advantage in the preferment of Mordecai, and therefore rejoiced and was glad, not only pleased in general with the advancement of virtue, but promising itself, in particular, better times, now that so good a man was entrusted with power. Haman was hanged; and, when the wicked perish, there is shouting, Proverbs 11:10. Mordecai was preferred; and, when the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice. 2. The Jews in joy, Esther 8:16, Esther 8:17. The Jews, who awhile ago were under a dark cloud, dejected and disgraced, now had light and gladness, joy and honour, a feast and a good lay. If they had not been threatened and in distress they would not have had occasion for this extraordinary joy. Thus are God's people sometimes made to sow in tears that they may reap in so much the more joy. The suddenness and strangeness of the turn of affairs in their favour added much to their joy. They were like those that dream; then was their mouth filled with laughter, Psalms 126:1, Psalms 126:2. One good effect of this deliverance was that many of the people of the land, that were considerate, sober, and well inclined, became Jews, were proselyted to the Jewish religion, renounced idolatry, and worshipped the true God only. Haman thought to extirpate the Jews, but it proves, in the issue, that their numbers are greatly increased and many added to the church. Observe, When the Jews had joy and gladness then many of the people of the land became Jews. The holy cheerfulness of those that profess religion is a great ornament to their profession, and will invite and encourage others to be religious. The reason here given why so many became Jews at this time is because the fear of the Jews fell upon them. When they observed how wonderfully divine Providence had owned them and wrought for them in this critical juncture, (1.) They thought them great, and considered those happy that were among them; and therefore they came over to them, as was foretold, Zechariah 8:23. We will go with you, for we have heard, we have seen, that God is with you, the shield of your help, and the sword of your excellency, Deuteronomy 33:29. When the church prospers, and is smiled upon, many will come into it that will be shy of it when it is in trouble. (2.) They thought them formidable, and considered those miserable that were against them. They plainly saw in Haman's fate that, if any offered injury to the Jews, it was at their peril; and therefore, for their own security, they joined themselves to them. It is folly to think of contending with the God of Israel, and therefore it is wisdom to think of submitting to him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Esther 8:15

Great crown — Which the chief of the Persian princes were permitted to wear but with sufficient distinction from the king's crown. The city — Not only Jews, but the greatest number of the citizens, who by the law of nature abhorred bloody counsels, and had a complacency in acts of mercy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
royal apparel:

Esther 5:1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on [her] royal [apparel], and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
Esther 6:8 Let the royal apparel be brought which the king [useth] to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:
Esther 6:11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.
Genesis 41:42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck;
Matthew 6:29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
Matthew 11:8 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft [clothing] are in kings' houses.
Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

or, violet,
Esther 1:6 [Where were] white, green, and blue, [hangings], fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds [were of] gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.

and with a great crown:
Mordecai was now made the chief minister, or vizier, instead of Haman; and was accordingly invested with the "royal apparel," in conformity to the custom of the East. So we are informed, in the History of the Revolt of Ali Bey, that on the election of a new sheikh bellet, or chief of the country, in Egypt, the pasha who approves of him invests him with a robe of valuable fur. Perhaps the crown was one of the insignia of the office of vizier. Concerning the blue, fine linen, and purple; see note on
Exodus 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' [hair],
, and see note on
Exodus 39:27 And they made coats [of] fine linen [of] woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,

the city:
Haman was too proud to be popular. Few lamented his fall.
Esther 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.
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Gn 41:42. Ex 25:4; 39:27. Es 1:6; 3:15; 5:1; 6:8, 11. Pv 29:2. Mt 6:29; 11:8. Lk 16:19.

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