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Esther 7:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then said Harbonah, one of the chamberlains that were before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman hath made for Mordecai, who spake good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. And the king said, Hang him thereon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Harbonah, one of the eunuchs who [were] before the king said, “Behold indeed, the gallows standing at Haman’s house fifty cubits high, which Haman made for Mordecai who spoke good on behalf of the king!” And the king said, “Hang him on it.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him upon it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold, also, the gallows fifty cubits high, that Haman made for Mordecai, who spoke good for the king, stands in the house of Haman. And the king said, Hang him on it!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said Harbonah—one of the eunuchs before the king—Yea lo! the gallows that Haman made ready for Mordecai, who had spoken well for the king, is standing in Haman's house, of a height of fifty cubits. Then said the king, Hang him thereon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Harbonah, one of the eunuchs, saith before the king, 'Also lo, the tree that Haman made for Mordecai, who spake good for the king, is standing in the house of Haman, in height fifty cubits;' and the king saith, 'Hang him upon it.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Harbona, one of the eunuchs that stood waiting on the king, said: Behold the gibbet which he hath prepared for Mardochai, who spoke for the king, standeth in Aman's house, being fifty cubits high. And the king said to him: Hang him upon it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Harbonah one of the chamberlaines, said before the king; Behold also the gallowes, fiftie cubites high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Bugathan, one of the chamberlains, said to the king, Behold, Haman{gr.Aman} has also prepared a gallows for Mordecai{gr.Mardochaeus}, who spoke concerning the king, and a gallows of fifty cubits high has been set up in the premises of Haman{gr.Aman}. And the king said, Let him be hanged thereon.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Charvonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordokhay, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And arvn חַרבוֹנָה, 2726
{2726} Prime
חַרְבוֹנָא
Charbowna'
{khar-bo-naw'}
Of Persian origin; a eunuch of Xerxes.
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the chamberlains, 5631
{5631} Prime
סָּרִיס
cariyc
{saw-reece'}
From an unused root meaning to castrate; a eunuch; by implication valet (especially of the female apartments), and thus a minister of state.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the king, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Behold x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
also, x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
the gallows 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
fifty 2572
{2572} Prime
חֲמִשִּׁים
chamishshiym
{kham-ish-sheem'}
Multiple of H2568; fifty.
cubits 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
high, 1364
{1364} Prime
גָּבֹהַּ
gaboahh
{gaw-bo'-ah}
From H1361; elevated (or elated), powerful, arrogant.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Hmn הָמָן 2001
{2001} Prime
הָמָן
Haman
{haw-mawn'}
Of foreign derivation; Haman, a Persian vizier.
had made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for Morday מָרדֳּכַי, 4782
{4782} Prime
מָרְדֳּכַי
Mord@kay
{mor-dek-ah'-ee}
Of foreign derivation; Mordecai, an Israelite.
who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
had spoken 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
good 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the king, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
standeth 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Hmn הָמָן. 2001
{2001} Prime
הָמָן
Haman
{haw-mawn'}
Of foreign derivation; Haman, a Persian vizier.
Then the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Hang 8518
{8518} Prime
תָּלָה
talah
{taw-law'}
A primitive root; to suspend (especially to gibbet).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
him thereon. x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Esther 7:9

_ _ Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows — This eunuch had probably been the messenger sent with the invitation to Haman, and on that occasion had seen the gallows. The information he now volunteered, as well it may be from abhorrence of Haman’s cold-blooded conspiracy as from sympathy with his amiable mistress, involved with her people in imminent peril.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Esther 7:7-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Esther 7:9

And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken (f) good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.

(f) Who discovered the conspiracy against the king, (Esther 2:21-22).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Harbonah:

Esther 1:10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
, Harbona

one of the chamberlains:

Esther 6:14 And while they [were] yet talking with him, came the king's chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared.
2 Kings 9:32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who [is] on my side? who? And there looked out to him two [or] three eunuchs.

Behold:

Esther 5:14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
Job 27:20-23 Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night. ... [Men] shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place.
Psalms 7:15-16 He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch [which] he made. ... His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate.
Psalms 35:8 Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.
Psalms 141:10 Let the wicked fall into their own nets, whilst that I withal escape.
Proverbs 11:5-6 The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness. ... The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness.

gallows:
Heb. tree

who had spoken:

Esther 2:21-23 In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus. ... And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.
Esther 6:2 And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.

Hang him thereon:

Esther 9:25 But when [Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
1 Samuel 17:51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.
Psalms 7:15-16 He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch [which] he made. ... His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate.
Psalms 9:15-16 The heathen are sunk down in the pit [that] they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken. ... The LORD is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
Psalms 35:8 Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Psalms 73:19 How are they [brought] into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
Proverbs 11:5-6 The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness. ... The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness.
Daniel 6:7 All the presidents of the kingdom, the governors, and the princes, the counsellors, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any God or man for thirty days, save of thee, O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions.
Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast [them] into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den.
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1S 17:51. 2K 9:32. Es 1:10; 2:21; 5:14; 6:2, 14; 9:25. Jb 27:20. Ps 7:15; 9:15; 35:8; 37:35; 73:19; 141:10. Pv 11:5. Dn 6:7, 24.

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