Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Esther 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house, mourning and having his head covered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Mordecai returned to the king’s gate. But Haman hurried home, mourning, with [his] head covered.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house, mourning and having his head covered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Mordecai returned unto the gate of the king,—but, Haman, hurried unto his own house, mourning, and with covered head.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Mordecai turneth back unto the gate of the king, and Haman hath been hastened unto his house mourning, and with covered head,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Mardochai returned to the palace gate: and Aman made haste to go to his house, mourning and having his head covered:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Mordecai came againe to the kings gate: but Haman hasted to his house, mourning, and hauing his head couered.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mordecai{gr.Mardochaeus} returned to the palace: but Haman{gr.Aman} went home mourning, and having his head covered.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mordokhay came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Mordó¢ay מָרדֳּכַי 4782
{4782} Prime
מָרְדֳּכַי
Mord@kay
{mor-dek-ah'-ee}
Of foreign derivation; Mordecai, an Israelite.
came again 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
gate. 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
But Hämän הָמָן 2001
{2001} Prime
הָמָן
Haman
{haw-mawn'}
Of foreign derivation; Haman, a Persian vizier.
hasted 1765
{1765} Prime
דּחף
dachaph
{daw-khaf'}
A primitive root; to urge, that is, hasten.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
mourning, 57
{0057} Prime
אָבֵל
'abel
{aw-bale'}
From H0056; lamenting.
and having his head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
covered. 2645
{2645} Prime
חָפָה
chaphah
{khaw-faw'}
A primitive root (compare H2644, H2653); to cover; by implication to veil, to incase, protect.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Esther 6:12-14

_ _ We may here observe,

_ _ I. How little Mordecai was puffed up with his advancement. he came again to the king's gate (Esther 6:12); he returned to his place and the duty of it immediately, and minded his business as closely as he had done before. Honour is well bestowed on those that are not made proud and idle by it, and will not think themselves above their business.

_ _ II. How much Haman was cast down with his disappointment. he could not bear it. To wait upon any man, especially Mordecai, and at this time, when he hoped to have seen him hanged, was enough to break such a proud heart as he had. He hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered, as one that looked upon himself as sunk and in a manner condemned. What harm had it done him to stoop thus to Mordecai? Was he ever the worse for it? Was it not what he himself proposed to be done by one of the king's most noble princes? Why then should he grudge to do it himself? But that will break a proud man's heart which would not break a humble man's sleep.

_ _ III. How his doom was, out of this event, read to him by his wife and his friends: “If Mordecai be, as they say he is, of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, though but in a point of honour, never expect to prevail against him; for thou shalt surely fall before him,Esther 6:13. Miserable comforters were they all; they did not advise him to repent, and ask Mordecai's pardon for his bad design against him, but foretold his destiny as fatal and unavoidable. Two things they foresaw: — 1. That Haman would be disappointed in his enterprise against the Jews: “Thou shalt not prevail to root out that people. Heaven plainly fights against thee.” 2. That he himself would be destroyed: Thou shalt surely fall before him. The contest between Michael and the dragon will not be a drawn battle; no, Haman must fall before Mordecai. Two things they grounded their prognostications upon: — (1.) This Mordecai was of the seed of the Jews; feeble Jews their enemies sometimes called them, but formidable Jews they sometimes found them. They are a holy seed, a praying seed, in covenant with God, and a seed that the Lord hath all along blessed, and therefore let not their enemies expect to triumph over them. (2.) Haman had begun to fall, and therefore he was certainly a gone man. It has been observed of great court-favourites that when once they have been frowned upon they have fallen utterly, as fast as they rose; it is true of the church's enemies that when God begins with them he will make an end. As for God his work is perfect.

_ _ IV. How seasonably he was now sent for to the banquet that Esther had prepared, Esther 6:14. He thought it seasonable, in hopes it would revive his drooping spirits and save his sinking honour. But really it was seasonable because, his spirits being broken by this sore disappointment, he might the more easily be run down by Esther's complaint against him. The wisdom of God is seen in timing the means of his church's deliverance so as to manifest his own glory.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Esther 6:12

Gate — To his former place; shewing that as he was not overwhelmed by Haman's threats, so he was not puffed up with this honour. Cover'd — In token of his shame and grief for his unexpected disappointment, and for the great honour done to his abhorred adversary, by his own hands, and with his own public disgrace.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came again:

Esther 2:19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.
1 Samuel 3:15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision.
Psalms 131:1-2 [[A Song of degrees of David.]] LORD, my heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes lofty: neither do I exercise myself in great matters, or in things too high for me. ... Surely I have behaved and quieted myself, as a child that is weaned of his mother: my soul [is] even as a weaned child.

hasted to his house:

2 Samuel 17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled [his] ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
1 Kings 20:43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.
1 Kings 21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.
2 Chronicles 26:20 And Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked upon him, and, behold, he [was] leprous in his forehead, and they thrust him out from thence; yea, himself hasted also to go out, because the LORD had smitten him.
Job 20:5 That the triumphing of the wicked [is] short, and the joy of the hypocrite [but] for a moment?

having:

Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
2 Samuel 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of [mount] Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that [was] with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.
Job 9:24 The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, [and] who [is] he?
Jeremiah 14:3-4 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads. ... Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 3:15. 2S 15:30; 17:23. 1K 20:43; 21:4. 2Ch 26:20. Es 2:19; 7:8. Jb 9:24; 20:5. Ps 131:1. Jr 14:3.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Esther 6:12.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Esther 6:12


Recent Chat Bible Comments