Esther 4:3 [study!]
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) 
And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
In each and every province where the command and decree of the king came, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping and wailing; and many lay on sackcloth and ashes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
And in every province whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
And in every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing: many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
And, throughout every province, whithersoever the word of the king and his edict came, was great mourning to the Jews, and fasting and weeping, and lamentation,sackcloth and ashes, were spread out for many.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
And in every province and province, the place where the word of the king, even his law, is coming, a great mourning have the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and lamenting: sackcloth and ashes are spread for many.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
And in all provinces, towns, and places, to which the king's cruel edict was come, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, wailing, and weeping, many using sackcloth and ashes for their bed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) 
And in euery prouince, whithersoeuer the kings commaundement, and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Iewes, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing, and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
And in every province where the letters were published, [there was] crying and lamentation and great mourning on the part of the Jews: they spread for themselves sackcloth and ashes.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008)  
And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Yehudim, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
And in every
; properly the whole
; hence all
(in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
; properly a judgeship
, that is, jurisdiction
; by implication a district
(as ruled by a judge); generally a region
; properly a standing
, that is, a spot
; but used widely of a locality
(generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition
(of body or mind).
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who
; also (as adverb and conjunction) when
, in order that
; a word
; by implication a matter
of) or thing
; adverbially a cause
and his decree
Of uncertain (perhaps foreign) derivation; a royal edict
A primitive root; properly to touch
, that is, lay the hand upon
(for any purpose; euphemistically, to lie with
a woman); by implication to reach
(figuratively to arrive
); violently, to strike
(punish, defeat, destroy, etc.).
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818
Mood - Participle (See H8813
Count - 857
(in any sense); hence older
; also insolent
Patronymic from H3063
; a Jehudite
(that is, Judaite or Jew), or descendant of Jehudah (that is, Judah).
; a fast
; a weeping
; by analogy, a dripping
By contraction from H7231
(in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
A primitive root; to strew
as a surface.
Stem - Hophal (See H8825
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811
Count - 178
; properly a mesh
(as allowing a liquid to run
through), that is, coarse loose cloth or sacking
(used in mourning and for bagging); hence a bag
(for grain, etc.).
From an unused root meaning to bestrew
- in every province:
Esther 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this [is] Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, [over] an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)
Esther 3:12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that [were] over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and [to] every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.
- great mourning:
- It cannot reasonably be doubted, that the mournings, fastings, and weepings of the Jews were attended by constant prayers and supplications; though all mention of them, and of the glorious God whom they worshipped, seems to have been studiously avoided.
1 Samuel 4:13-14 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told [it], all the city cried out. ... And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What [meaneth] the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli.
1 Samuel 11:4 Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up their voices, and wept.
Isaiah 22:4 Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.
Isaiah 22:12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:
Isaiah 37:1-3 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard [it], that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. ... And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and [there is] not strength to bring forth.
Matthew 13:42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast [him] into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 25:30 And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
- many lay in sackcloth and ashes:
- Heb. sackcloth and ashes were laid under many,
Isaiah 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? [is it] to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes [under him]? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?
Daniel 9:3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:
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