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Esther 3:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The posts went forth in haste by the king's commandment, and the decree was given out in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city of Shushan was perplexed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The couriers went out impelled by the king’s command while the decree was issued at the citadel in Susa; and while the king and Haman sat down to drink, the city of Susa was in confusion.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The posts departed, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The couriers went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the fortress. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city of Shushan was in consternation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The runners, went forth, urged on by the word of the king, and, the edict, was given in Shusan the palace,—and, the king and Haman, sat down to drink, but, the city of Shusan, was perplexed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The runners have gone forth, hastened by the word of the king, and the law hath been given in Shushan the palace, and the king and Haman have sat down to drink, and the city Shushan is perplexed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The couriers that were sent made haste to fulfil the king's commandment. And immediately the edict was hung up in Susan, the king and Aman feasting together, and all the Jews that were in the city weeping.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The postes went out, being hastened by the kings commandement, and the decree was giuen in Shushan the palace: and the king and Haman sate downe to drinke, but the citie Shushan was perplexed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the business was hastened, and [that] at Shushan{gr.Susa}: and the king and Haman{gr.Aman} began to drink; but the city was troubled.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The posts 7323
{7323} Prime
רוּץ
ruwts
{roots}
A primitive root; to run (for whatever reason, especially to rush).
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
went out, 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
being hastened 1765
{1765} Prime
דּחף
dachaph
{daw-khaf'}
A primitive root; to urge, that is, hasten.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
by the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
commandment, 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
and the decree 1881
{1881} Prime
דָּת
dath
{dawth}
Of uncertain (perhaps foreign) derivation; a royal edict or statute.
was given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
in an שׁוּשַׁן 7800
{7800} Prime
שׁוֹשָׁן
Shuwshan
{shoo-shan'}
The same as H7799; Shushan, a place in Persia.
the palace. 1002
{1002} Prime
בִּירָה
biyrah
{bee-raw'}
Of foreign origin; a castle or palace.
And the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
and Hmn הָמָן 2001
{2001} Prime
הָמָן
Haman
{haw-mawn'}
Of foreign derivation; Haman, a Persian vizier.
sat down 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to drink; 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
but the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
an שׁוּשַׁן 7800
{7800} Prime
שׁוֹשָׁן
Shuwshan
{shoo-shan'}
The same as H7799; Shushan, a place in Persia.
was perplexed. 943
{0943} Prime
בּוּךְ
buwk
{book}
A primitive root; to involve (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Esther 3:12-15.


Esther 3:15

_ _ the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed — The completeness of the word-painting in this verse is exquisite. The historian, by a simple stroke, has drawn a graphic picture of an Oriental despot, wallowing with his favorite in sensual enjoyments, while his tyrannical cruelties were rending the hearts and homes of thousands of his subjects.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Esther 3:7-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Esther 3:15

The city — Not only the Jews, but a great number of the citizens, either because they were related to them, or engaged with them in worldly concerns; or out of humanity and compassion toward so vast a number of innocent people, appointed as sheep for the slaughter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Esther 3:15

The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the (g) city Shushan was perplexed.

(g) That is, the Jews that were in Shushan.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hastened:

Proverbs 1:16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
Proverbs 4:16 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.

sat down:

Hosea 7:5 In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.
John 16:20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy.
Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

the city:

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Es 4:16; 8:15. Pv 1:16; 4:16; 29:2. Ho 7:5. Am 6:6. Jn 16:20. Rv 11:10.

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User-Posted Comments on Esther 3:15


"...but the city Shushan was perplexed."
See what happened after five chapters in Esther 8:15."....the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad."
Read Esther 9:1"...it was turned to the contrary....".

- Alex (3/13/2009 12:52:04 AM) [qBible.com]
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