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Esther 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the bounty of the king.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, [even] Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the king gave a great banquet, Esther’s banquet, for all his princes and his servants; he also made a holiday for the provinces and gave gifts according to the king’s bounty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, [even] Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave presents according to the king's bounty.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then the king made a great banquet, for all his rulers and his servants, the banquet of Esther,—and, a remission, for all the provinces, made he, and gave a present, according to the bounty of a king.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the king maketh a great banquet to all his heads and his servants—the banquet of Esther—and a release to the provinces hath made, and giveth gifts as a memorial of the king.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he commanded a magnificent feast to be prepared for all the princes, and for his servants, for the marriage and wedding of Esther. And he gave rest to all the provinces, and bestowed gifts according to princely magnificence.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then the king made a great feast vnto all his princes and his seruants, [euen] Esthers feast, and hee made a release to the prouinces, and gaue gifts, according to the state of the king.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the king made a banquet for all his friends and great men for seven days, and he highly celebrated the marriage of Esther; and he made a release to those who were under his dominion.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, [even] Ester's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
feast 4960
{4960} Prime
מִשְׁתֶּה
mishteh
{mish-teh'}
From H8354; drink; by implication drinking (the act); also (by implication), a banquet or (generally) feast.
unto all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
and his servants, 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
[even] x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
“Estėr's אֶסתֵּר 635
{0635} Prime
אֶסְתֵּר
'Ecter
{es-tare'}
Of Persian derivation; Ester, the Jewish heroine.
feast; 4960
{4960} Prime
מִשְׁתֶּה
mishteh
{mish-teh'}
From H8354; drink; by implication drinking (the act); also (by implication), a banquet or (generally) feast.
and he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a release 2010
{2010} Prime
הֲנָחָה
hanachah
{han-aw-khaw'}
From H5117; permission of rest, that is, quiet.
to the provinces, 4082
{4082} Prime
מְדִינָה
m@diynah
{med-ee-naw'}
From H1777; properly a judgeship, that is, jurisdiction; by implication a district (as ruled by a judge); generally a region.
and gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
gifts, 4864
{4864} Prime
מַשְׂאֵת
mas'eth
{mas-ayth'}
From H5375; properly (abstractly) a raising (as of the hands in prayer), or rising (of flame); figuratively an utterance; concretely a beacon (as raised); a present (as taken), mess, or tribute; figuratively a reproach (as a burden).
according to the state 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of the king. 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Esther 2:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Esther 2:18

Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, [even] Esther's (i) feast; and he made a release (k) to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the (l) state of the king.

(i) That is, made for her sake.

(k) He released their tribute.

(l) That is, great and magnificent.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3547, bc 457

made a great:

Esther 1:3-5 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, [being] before him: ... And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;
Genesis 29:22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place, and made a feast.
Judges 14:10-17 So his father went down unto the woman: and Samson made there a feast; for so used the young men to do. ... And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to the children of her people.
Song of Songs 3:11 Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Matthew 22:2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
Luke 14:8 When thou art bidden of any [man] to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
Revelation 19:9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed [are] they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

he made:
We learn from Herodotus and Atheneus, that the Persian monarchs were accustomed to give their wives distinct cities and provinces for the purpose of supplying them with different articles of dress. One was assigned for ornamenting the head and neck; another provided robes, zones, etc.; and the city of Anthilla was given to a Persian queen, we read, to supply her with shoes and sandals. It is probable, therefore, that, at the desire of Esther, Ahasuerus relieved those cities and provinces that had before paid it, from this expense.

release:
Heb. rest

gave gifts:

Esther 9:22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
1 Samuel 25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
Nehemiah 8:11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day [is] holy; neither be ye grieved.
Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 29:22. Jg 14:10. 1S 25:8. Ne 8:11. Es 1:3; 9:22. So 3:11; 5:1. Mt 22:2. Lk 14:8. Rv 11:10; 19:9.

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