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Ephesians 6:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Servants, be obedient unto them that according to the flesh are your masters, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Servants, be obedient to them that are [your] masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Slaves, be obedient to those who are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in the sincerity of your heart, as to Christ;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Servants, be obedient to them that are [your] masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as to Christ;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Bondmen, obey masters according to flesh, with fear and trembling, in simplicity of your heart as to the Christ;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye servants, be obedient unto them who, after the flesh, are your masters, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto the Christ;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The servants! obey the masters according to the flesh with fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as to the Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Servants, be obedient to them that are your lords according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in the simplicity of your heart, as to Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Seruants, bee obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with feare and trembling, in singlenesse of your heart, as vnto Christ:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Servants, be subject to your masters who are according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, and with simplicity of heart, as unto the Meshiha:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Servants, be obedient to your masters after the flesh, with fear, and with trepidation, and with simplicity of heart, as unto the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Servants, 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
be obedient 5219
{5219} Prime
ὑπακούω
hupakouo
{hoop-ak-oo'-o}
From G5259 and G0191; to hear under (as a subordinate), that is, to listen attentively; by implication to heed or conform to a command or authority.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
to them that are [your] masters 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the flesh, 4561
{4561} Prime
σάρξ
sarx
{sarx}
Probably from the base of G4563; flesh (as stripped of the skin), that is, (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred, or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specifically) a human being (as such).
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
fear 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
trembling, 5156
{5156} Prime
τρόμος
tromos
{trom'-os}
From G5141; a 'trembling', that is, quaking with fear.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
singleness 572
{0572} Prime
ἁπλότης
haplotes
{hap-lot'-ace}
From G0573; singleness, that is, (subjectively) sincerity (without dissimulation or self seeking), or (objectively) generosity (copious bestowal).
of your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
heart, 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
unto Christ; 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 6:5

_ _ Servants — literally, “slaves.”

_ _ masters according to the flesh — in contrast to your true and heavenly Master (Ephesians 6:4). A consolatory him that the mastership to which they were subject, was but for a time [Chrysostom]; and that their real liberty was still their own (1 Corinthians 7:22).

_ _ fear and trembling — not slavish terror, but (See on 1 Corinthians 2:3; 2 Corinthians 7:15) an anxious eagerness to do your duty, and a fear of displeasing, as great as is produced in the ordinary slave by “threatenings” (Ephesians 6:9).

_ _ singleness — without double-mindedness, or “eye service” (Ephesians 6:6), which seeks to please outwardly, without the sincere desire to make the master’s interest at all times the first consideration (1 Chronicles 29:17; Matthew 6:22, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34). “Simplicity.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 6:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 6:5

Your masters according to the flesh — According to the present state of things: afterward the servant is free from his master. With fear and trembling — A proverbial expression, implying the utmost care and diligence. In singleness of heart — With a single eye to the providence and will of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 6:5

(7) Servants, be obedient to them that are [your] masters (8) according to the flesh, with (d) fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;

(7) Now he descends to the third part of a family, that is, to the duty both of the masters and of the servants. And he shows that the duty of servants consists in a hearty love and reverence for their masters. (8) He moderates the sharpness of service, in that they are spiritually free even though they are servants, and yet that spiritual freedom does not take away physical service: insomuch that they cannot be Christ's, unless they serve their masters willingly and faithfully, as much as they may with clear conscience.

(d) With careful reverence: for slavish fear is not allowable, much less in Christian servants.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
be:

Genesis 16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.
Psalms 123:2 Behold, as the eyes of servants [look] unto the hand of their masters, [and] as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of her mistress; so our eyes [wait] upon the LORD our God, until that he have mercy upon us.
Malachi 1:6 A son honoureth [his] father, and a servant his master: if then I [be] a father, where [is] mine honour? and if I [be] a master, where [is] my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Matthew 8:9 For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this [man], Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth [it].
Acts 10:7-8 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually; ... And when he had declared all [these] things unto them, he sent them to Joppa.
Colossians 3:22 Servants, obey in all things [your] masters according to the flesh; not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God:
1 Timothy 6:1-3 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and [his] doctrine be not blasphemed. ... If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
Titus 2:9-10 [Exhort] servants to be obedient unto their own masters, [and] to please [them] well in all [things]; not answering again; ... Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
1 Peter 2:18-21 Servants, [be] subject to [your] masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. ... For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:

according:

Philemon 1:16 Not now as a servant, but above a servant, a brother beloved, specially to me, but how much more unto thee, both in the flesh, and in the Lord?

with:

1 Corinthians 2:3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
2 Corinthians 7:15 And his inward affection is more abundant toward you, whilst he remembereth the obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling ye received him.
Philippians 2:12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
1 Peter 3:2 While they behold your chaste conversation [coupled] with fear.

in:

Ephesians 6:24 Grace [be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. [[[To [the] Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.]]]
Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
Psalms 86:11 Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.
Matthew 6:22 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.
Acts 2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
2 Corinthians 11:2-3 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ. ... But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

as:

Ephesians 1:1-23 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: ... Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
1 Corinthians 7:22 For he that is called in the Lord, [being] a servant, is the Lord's freeman: likewise also he that is called, [being] free, is Christ's servant.
Colossians 3:17-24 And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. ... Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 16:9. Jsh 24:14. 1Ch 29:17. Ps 86:11; 123:2. Mal 1:6. Mt 6:22, 24; 8:9. Ac 2:46; 10:7. 1Co 2:3; 7:22. 2Co 1:12; 7:15; 11:2. Ep 1:1; 6:24. Php 2:12. Col 3:17, 22. 1Ti 6:1. Tit 2:9. Phm 1:16. 1P 2:18; 3:2.

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