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Ephesians 6:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Honor thy father and mother (which is the first commandment with promise),
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER (which is the first commandment with a promise),
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Honor thy father and mother (which is the first commandment with promise)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Honour thy father and thy mother, which is the first commandment with a promise,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Honour thy father and thy mother,—which indeed is the first commandment with promise,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— honour thy father and mother,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Honour thy father and thy mother, which is the first commandment with a promise:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandement with promise,)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and this is the first commandment which promiseth. Honour thy father and thy mother,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the first commandment with promise, is this: Honor thy father and thy mother;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Honour 5091
{5091} Prime
τιμάω
timao
{tim-ah'-o}
From G5093; to prize, that is, fix a valuation upon; by implication to revere.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
mother; 3384
{3384} Prime
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
(which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
commandment 1785
{1785} Prime
ἐντολή
entole
{en-tol-ay'}
From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription.
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
promise;) 1860
{1860} Prime
ἐπαγγελία
epaggelia
{ep-ang-el-ee'-ah}
From G1861; an announcement (for information, assent or pledge; especially a divine assurance of good).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 6:2

_ _ Here the authority of revealed law is added to that of natural law.

_ _ which is ... promise — The “promise” is not made the main motive to obedience, but an incidental one. The main motive is, because it is God’s will (Deuteronomy 5:16, “Honor thy father and mother, as the Lord thy God hath COMMANDED thee”); and that it is so peculiarly, is shown by His accompanying it “with a promise.

_ _ first — in the decalogue with a special promise. The promise in the second commandment is a general one. Their duty is more expressly prescribed to children than to parents; for love descends rather than ascends [Bengel]. This verse proves the law in the Old Testament is not abolished.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 6:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 6:2

Honour — That is, love, reverence, obey, assist, in all things. The mother is particularly mentioned, as being more liable to be slighted than the father. Which is the first commandment with a promise — For the promise implied in the second commandment does not belong to the keeping that command in particular, but the whole law. Exodus 20:12

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 6:2

(4) Honour thy father and mother; (5) (which is the first commandment with (b) promise;)

(4) A proof of the first argument. (5) The third argument taken of the profit that ensues from it: because the Lord gave this commandment among all the rest a special blessing.

(b) With a special promise: for otherwise the second commandment has a promise of mercy to a thousand generations, but that promise is general.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed [be] he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Proverbs 20:20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
Jeremiah 35:18 And Jeremiah said unto the house of the Rechabites, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Because ye have obeyed the commandment of Jonadab your father, and kept all his precepts, and done according unto all that he hath commanded you:
Ezekiel 22:7 In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.
Malachi 1:6 A son honoureth [his] father, and a servant his master: if then I [be] a father, where [is] mine honour? and if I [be] a master, where [is] my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. ... And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Mark 7:9-13 And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. ... Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.
Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:12. Dt 27:16. Pv 20:20. Jr 35:18. Ezk 22:7. Mal 1:6. Mt 15:4. Mk 7:9. Ro 13:7.

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