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Ephesians 6:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And take THE HELMET OF SALVATION, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have also the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is God's word;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the helmet of salvation, welcome ye, and the sword of the spirit, which is what God hath spoken,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the helmet of the salvation receive, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the saying of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And take unto you the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit (which is the word of God).
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And take the helmet of saluation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and put on the helmet of salvation, and take the sword of the Spirit which is the word of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And put on the helmet of rescue; and take hold of the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
take 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5663
<5663> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 54
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
helmet 4030
{4030} Prime
περικεφαλαία
perikephalaia
{per-ee-kef-al-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a compound of G4012 and G2776; encirclement of the head, that is, a helmet.
of salvation, 4992
{4992} Prime
σωτήριον
soterion
{so-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of the same as G4991 as (properly concrete) noun; defender or (by implication) defence.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sword 3162
{3162} Prime
μάχαιρα
machaira
{makh'-ahee-rah}
Probably feminine of a presumed derivative of G3163; a knife, that is, dirk; figuratively war, judicial punishment.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
which is 3603
{3603} Prime
ἐστι
ho esti
{ho es-tee'}
From the neuter of G3739 and the third person singular present indicative of G1510; which is.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the word 4487
{4487} Prime
ῥῆμα
rhema
{hray'-mah}
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 6:17

_ _ take — a different Greek word from that in Ephesians 6:13, Ephesians 6:16; translate, therefore, “receive,” “accept,” namely, the helmet offered by the Lord, namely, “salvation” appropriated, as 1 Thessalonians 5:8, “Helmet, the hope of salvation”; not an uncertain hope, but one that brings with it no shame of disappointment (Romans 5:5). It is subjoined to the shield of faith, as being its inseparable accompaniment (compare Romans 5:1, Romans 5:5). The head of the soldier was among the principal parts to be defended, as on it the deadliest strokes might fall, and it is the head that commands the whole body. The head is the seat of the mind, which, when it has laid hold of the sure Gospel “hope” of eternal life, will not receive false doctrine, or give way to Satan’s temptations to despair. God, by this hope, “lifts up the head” (Psalms 3:3; Luke 21:28).

_ _ sword of the Spirit — that is, furnished by the Spirit, who inspired the writers of the word of God (2 Peter 1:21). Again the Trinity is implied: the Spirit here; and Christ in “salvation” and God the Father, Ephesians 6:13 (compare Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12). The two-edged sword, cutting both ways (Psalms 45:3, Psalms 45:5), striking some with conviction and conversion, and others with condemnation (Isaiah 11:4; Revelation 19:15), is in the mouth of Christ (Isaiah 49:2), in the hand of His saints (Psalms 149:6). Christ’s use of this sword in the temptation is our pattern as to how we are to wield it against Satan (Matthew 4:4, Matthew 4:7, Matthew 4:10). There is no armor specified for the back, but only for the front of the body; implying that we must never turn our back to the foe (Luke 9:62); our only safety is in resisting ceaselessly (Matthew 4:11; James 4:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 6:10-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 6:17

And take for an helmet the hope of salvation — 1 Thessalonians 5:8. The head is that part which is most carefully to be defended. One stroke here may prove fatal. The armour for this is the hope of salvation. The lowest degree of this hope is a confidence that God will work the whole work of faith in us; the highest is a full assurance of future glory, added to the experimental knowledge of pardoning love. Armed with this helmet, the hope of the joy set before him, Christ "endured the cross, and despised the shame," Hebrews 12:2. And the sword of the Spirit, the word of God — This Satan cannot withstand, when it is edged and wielded by faith. Till now our armour has been only defensive. But we are to attack Satan, as well as secure ourselves; the shield in one hand, and the sword in the other. Whoever fights with the powers of hell will need both. He that is covered with armour from head to foot, and neglects this, will be foiled after all. This whole description shows us how great a thing it is to be a Christian. The want of any one thing makes him incomplete. Though he has his loins girt with truth, righteousness for a breastplate, his feet shod with the preparation of the gospel, the shield of faith, the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit; yet one thing he wants after all. What is that? It follows,

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the helmet:

1 Samuel 17:5 And [he had] an helmet of brass upon his head, and he [was] armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat [was] five thousand shekels of brass.
1 Samuel 17:58 And Saul said to him, Whose son [art] thou, [thou] young man? And David answered, I [am] the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
Isaiah 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

the sword:

Isaiah 49:2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Revelation 1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength.
Revelation 2:16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
Revelation 19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

which:

Matthew 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
Matthew 4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
Matthew 4:10-11 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. ... Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
Hebrews 12:5-6 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
Hebrews 13:5-6 [Let your] conversation [be] without covetousness; [and be] content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. ... So that we may boldly say, The Lord [is] my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
Revelation 12:11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 17:5, 58. Is 49:2; 59:17. Mt 4:4, 7, 10. 1Th 5:8. He 4:12; 12:5; 13:5. Rv 1:16; 2:16; 12:11; 19:15.

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