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Ephesians 5:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— nor filthiness, nor foolish talking, or jesting, which are not befitting: but rather giving of thanks.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and [there must be no] filthiness and silly talk, or coarse jesting, which are not fitting, but rather giving of thanks.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and filthiness and foolish talking, or jesting, which are not convenient; but rather thanksgiving.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And shamelessness and foolish talking, or jesting,—which things are beneath you,—but, rather, giving of thanks;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— also filthiness, and foolish talking, or jesting,—the things not fit—but rather thanksgiving;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Or obscenity or foolish talking or scurrility, which is to no purpose: but rather giving of thanks.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither filthinesse, nor foolish talking, nor iesting, which are not conuenient: but rather giuing of thankes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— neither filthiness, nor words of folly, or of jeering, or fables, which are not necessary, but, instead of these, thanksgiving.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Neither obscenities, nor words of folly, or of division, or of scurrility, which are not useful; but instead of these, thanksgiving.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
filthiness, 151
{0151} Prime
αἰσχρότης
aischrotes
{ahee-skhrot'-ace}
From G0150; shamefulness, that is, obscenity.
nor 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
foolish talking, 3473
{3473} Prime
μωρολογία
morologia
{mo-rol-og-ee'-ah}
From a compound of G3474 and G3004; silly talk, that is, buffoonery.
nor 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
jesting, 2160
{2160} Prime
εὐτραπελία
eutrapelia
{yoo-trap-el-ee'-ah}
From a compound of G2095 and a derivative of the base of G5157 (meaning well turned, that is, ready at repartee, jocose); witticism, that is, (in a vulgar sense) ribaldry.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
are y433
[0433] Standard
ἀνήκω
aneko
{an-ay'-ko}
From G0303 and G2240; to attain to, that is, (figuratively) be proper.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
convenient: 433
{0433} Prime
ἀνήκω
aneko
{an-ay'-ko}
From G0303 and G2240; to attain to, that is, (figuratively) be proper.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
rather 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
giving of thanks. 2169
{2169} Prime
εὐχαριστία
eucharistia
{yoo-khar-is-tee'-ah}
From G2170; gratitude; active grateful language (to God, as an act of worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 5:4

_ _ filthiness — obscenity in act or gesture.

_ _ foolish talking — the talk of fools, which is folly and sin together. The Greek of it, and of “filthiness,” occurs nowhere else in the New Testament.

_ _ nor — rather, “or” (compare Ephesians 5:3).

_ _ jestingGreek,eutrapelia”; found nowhere else in the New Testament: implying strictly that versatility which turns about and adapts itself, without regard to principle, to the shifting circumstances of the moment, and to the varying moods of those with whom it may deal. Not scurrile buffoonery, but refined “persiflage” and “badinage,” for which Ephesus was famed [Plautus, A Boastful Soldier, 3.1, 42-52], and which, so far from being censured, was and is thought by the world a pleasant accomplishment. In Colossians 3:8, “filthy communication” refers to the foulness; “foolish talking,” to the folly; “jesting,” to the false refinement (and trifling witticism [Tittmann]) Of discourse unseasoned with the salt of grace [Trench].

_ _ not convenient — “unseemly”; not such “as become saints” (Ephesians 5:3).

_ _ rather giving of thanks — a happy play on sounds in Greek,eucharistia” contrasted with “eutrapelia”; refined “jesting” and subtle humor sometimes offend the tender feelings of grace; “giving of thanks” gives that real cheerfulness of spirit to believers which the worldly try to get from “jesting” (Ephesians 5:19, Ephesians 5:20; James 5:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 5:3-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 5:4

Nor foolish talking — Tittle tattle, talking of nothing, the weather, fashions, meat and drink. Or jesting — The word properly means, wittiness, facetiousness, esteemed by the heathens an half — virtue. But how frequently even this quenches the Spirit, those who are tender of conscience know. Which are not convenient — For a Christian; as neither increasing his faith nor holiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 5:4

Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor (a) jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.

(a) Jests which men cast at one another: that no lightness is seen, nor evil example given, nor any offence made by evil words or backbiting.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
filthiness:

Ephesians 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Proverbs 12:23 A prudent man concealeth knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaimeth foolishness.
Proverbs 15:2 The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness.
Ecclesiastes 10:13 The beginning of the words of his mouth [is] foolishness: and the end of his talk [is] mischievous madness.
Matthew 12:34-37 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. ... For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
James 3:4-8 Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth. ... But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.
2 Peter 2:7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

convenient:

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
Philemon 1:8 Wherefore, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin thee that which is convenient,

but:

Ephesians 5:19-20 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord; ... Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Ephesians 1:16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;
Psalms 33:1 Rejoice in the LORD, O ye righteous: [for] praise is comely for the upright.
Psalms 92:1 [[A Psalm [or] Song for the sabbath day.]] [It is a] good [thing] to give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High:
Psalms 107:21-22 Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men! ... And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
John 6:23 (Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:)
2 Corinthians 1:11 Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift [bestowed] upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.
2 Corinthians 9:15 Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Philippians 4:6 Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.
Colossians 3:15-17 And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful. ... And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
1 Thessalonians 3:9 For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;
1 Thessalonians 5:18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
Hebrews 13:15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of [our] lips giving thanks to his name.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 33:1; 92:1; 107:21. Pv 12:23; 15:2. Ec 10:13. Dn 6:10. Mt 12:34. Mk 7:22. Jn 6:23. Ro 1:28. 2Co 1:11; 9:15. Ep 1:16; 4:29; 5:19. Php 4:6. Col 3:8, 15. 1Th 3:9; 5:18. Phm 1:8. He 13:15. Jm 3:4. 2P 2:7, 18. Jde 1:10, 13.

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