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Ephesians 5:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that he might sanctify it, having cleansed it by the washing of water with the word,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in order that he might sanctify it, purifying [it] by the washing of water by [the] word,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, her, he might sanctify, having purified [her] with the bath of water, in declaration,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that he might sanctify it, having cleansed [it] with the bathing of the water in the saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That he might sanctifie & cleanse it with the washing of water, by the word,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that he might sanctify her and purify her in the laver of waters and by the word,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— that he might sanctify it, and cleanse it, by the washing of water, and by the word;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That 2443
{2443} Prime
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
he might sanctify 37
{0037} Prime
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
and cleanse x2511
(2511) Complement
From G2513; to cleanse (literally or figuratively).
it y2511
[2511] Standard
From G2513; to cleanse (literally or figuratively).
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
(0846) Complement
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
with the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
washing 3067
{3067} Prime
From G3068; a bath, that is, (figuratively) baptism.
of water 5204
{5204} Prime
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the word, 4487
{4487} Prime
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 5:26

_ _ sanctify — that is, consecrate her to God. Compare John 17:19, meaning, “I devote Myself as a holy sacrifice, that My disciples also may be devoted or consecrated as holy in (through) the truth” [Neander] (Hebrews 2:11; Hebrews 10:10; Hebrews 13:12 see on Hebrews 10:10).

_ _ and cleanse — rather, as Greek, “cleansing,” without the “and.”

_ _ with the washing of water — rather as Greek, “with,” or “by the laver of the water,” namely, the baptismal water. So it ought to be translated in Titus 3:5, the only other passage in the New Testament where it occurs. As the bride passed through a purifying bath before marriage, so the Church (compare Revelation 21:2). He speaks of baptism according to its high ideal and design, as if the inward grace accompanied the outward rite; hence he asserts of outward baptism whatever is involved in a believing appropriation of the divine truths it symbolizes, and says that Christ, by baptism, has purified the Church [Neander] (1 Peter 3:21).

_ _ by the wordGreek, “IN the word.” To be joined with “cleansing it,” or “her.” The “word of faith” (Romans 10:8, Romans 10:9, Romans 10:17), of which confession is made in baptism, and which carries the real cleansing (John 15:3; John 17:17) and regenerating power (1 Peter 1:23; 1 Peter 3:21) [Alford]. So Augustine [Tract 80, in John], “Take away the word, and what is the water save water? Add the word to the element, and it becomes a sacrament, being itself as it were the visible word.” The regenerating efficacy of baptism is conveyed in, and by, the divine word alone.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 5:21-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 5:26

That he might sanctify it through the word — The ordinary channel of all blessings. Having cleansed it — From the guilt and power of sin. By the washing of water — In baptism; if, with "the outward and visible sign," we receive the "inward and spiritual grace."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 5:26

(13) That he might (m) sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the (n) word,

(13) Because many men pretend the infirmities of their wives to excuse their own hardness and cruelty, the apostle wishes us to mark what manner of Church Christ received, when he joined it to himself, and how he does not reject her for all her filth, and uncleanness, but ceases not to wipe it away with his cleanness, until he wholly purifies it.

(m) Make it holy.

(n) Through the promise of free justification and sanctification in Christ, received by faith.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

John 17:17-19 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. ... And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all].
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, [and] called:


Ezekiel 16:9 Then washed I thee with water; yea, I throughly washed away thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil.
Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.
John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
Acts 22:16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.
Titus 3:5-7 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.


John 15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
John 17:7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
1 Peter 1:22-23 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently: ... Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ezk 16:9; 36:25. Zc 13:1. Jn 3:5; 15:8; 17:7, 17. Ac 22:16; 26:18. 1Co 6:11. Tit 2:14; 3:5. He 9:14; 10:10, 22. Jm 1:18. 1P 1:2, 22; 3:21. 1Jn 5:6. Jde 1:1.

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