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Ephesians 5:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— speaking one to another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and chanting with your heart to the Lord;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Speaking to yourselves, with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs; singing, and striking the strings, with your heart unto the Lord;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual canticles, singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Speaking to your selues, in Psalmes, and Hymnes, and Spirituall songs, singing and making melodie in your heart to the Lord,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And discourse with yourselves with psalms and with hymns and with songs of the Spirit, singing with your hearts unto the Lord.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And converse with yourselves in psalms and hymns; and with your hearts sing to the Lord, in spiritual songs.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Speaking 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to yourselves 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
in psalms 5568
{5568} Prime
ψαλμός
psalmos
{psal-mos'}
From G5567; a set piece of music, that is, a sacred ode (accompanied with the voice, harp or other instrument; a 'psalm'); collectively the book of the Psalms.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hymns 5215
{5215} Prime
ὕμνος
humnos
{hoom'-nos}
Apparently from a simpler (obsolete) form of ὕδέω [[hudeo]] (to celebrate; probably akin to G0103; compare G5567); a 'hymn' or religious ode (one of the Psalms).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
spiritual 4152
{4152} Prime
πνευματικός
pneumatikos
{pnyoo-mat-ik-os'}
From G4151; non-carnal, that is, (humanly) ethereal (as opposed to gross), or (daemoniacally) a spirit (concretely), or (divinely) supernatural, regenerate, religious.
songs, 5603
{5603} Prime
ᾠδή
ode
{o-day'}
From G0103; a chant or 'ode' (the general term for any words sung; while G5215 denotes especially a religious metrical composition, and G5568 still more specifically a Hebrew cantillation.
singing 103
{0103} Prime
ᾄδω
ado
{ad'-o}
A primary verb; to sing.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
making melody 5567
{5567} Prime
ψάλλω
psallo
{psal'-lo}
Probably strengthened from ψάω [[psao]] (to rub or touch the surface; compare G5597); to twitch or twang, that is, to play on a stringed instrument (celebrate the divine worship with music and accompanying odes).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
heart 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord; 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 5:19

_ _ (Colossians 3:16).

_ _ to yourselves — “to one another.” Hence soon arose the antiphonal or responsive chanting of which Pliny writes to Trajan: “They are wont on a fixed day to meet before daylight [to avoid persecution] and to recite a hymn among themselves by turns, to Christ, as if being God.” The Spirit gives true eloquence; wine, a spurious eloquence.

_ _ psalms — generally accompanied by an instrument.

_ _ hymns — in direct praise to God (compare Acts 16:25; 1 Corinthians 14:26; James 5:13).

_ _ songs — the general term for lyric pieces; “spiritual” is added to mark their being here restricted to sacred subjects, though not merely to direct praises of God, but also containing exhortations, prophecies, etc. Contrast the drunken “songs,” Amos 8:10.

_ _ making melodyGreek, “playing and singing with an instrument.”

_ _ in your heart — not merely with the tongue; but the serious feeling of the heart accompanying the singing of the lips (compare 1 Corinthians 14:15; Psalms 47:7). The contrast is between the heathen and the Christian practice, “Let your songs be not the drinking songs of heathen feasts, but psalms and hymns; and their accompaniment, not the music of the lyre, but the melody of the heart” [Conybeare and Howson].

_ _ to the Lord — See Pliny’s letter quoted above: “To Christ as God.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 5:3-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 5:19

Speaking to each other — By the Spirit. In the Psalms — Of David. And hymns — Of praise. And spiritual songs — On any divine subject. By there being no inspired songs, peculiarly adapted to the Christian dispensation, as there were to the Jewish, it is evident that the promise of the Holy Ghost to believers, in the last days, was by his larger effusion to supply the lack of it. Singing with your hearts — As well as your voice. To the Lord — Jesus, who searcheth the heart.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 5:19

Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your (l) heart to the Lord;

(l) With an earnest affection of the heart, and not with the tongue only.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to yourselves:

Acts 16:25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them.
1 Corinthians 14:26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
James 5:13 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.

psalms:
Psalms, ψαλμοι [Strong's G5568], from ψαλλω [Strong's G5567], to touch or play on a musical instrument, properly denotes such sacred songs or poems as are sung to stringed instruments, and may here refer to those of David; hymns, υμνοι [Strong's G5215], from υδω, to sing, celebrate, praise, signifies songs in honour of God; and songs ωδαι [Strong's G5603], from αειδω, to sing, denotes any regular poetic composition adapted to singing, and is here restricted to those which are spiritual.
Psalms 95:2 Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms.
Psalms 105:2 Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous works.
Matthew 26:30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.

making:

Psalms 47:7-8 For God [is] the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. ... God reigneth over the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness.
Psalms 62:8 Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.
Psalms 86:12 I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.
Psalms 105:3 Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.
Psalms 147:7 Sing unto the LORD with thanksgiving; sing praise upon the harp unto our God:
Isaiah 65:14 Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
Matthew 15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart is far from me.
John 4:23-24 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. ... God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 47:7; 62:8; 86:12; 95:2; 105:2, 3; 147:7. Is 65:14. Mt 15:8; 26:30. Jn 4:23. Ac 16:25. 1Co 14:26. Col 3:16. Jm 5:13.

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