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Ephesians 5:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore [he] saith, Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall shine upon thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For this reason it says, “Awake, sleeper, And arise from the dead, And Christ will shine on you.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore he saith, Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ will give thee light.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore he says, Wake up, [thou] that sleepest, and arise up from among the dead, and the Christ shall shine upon thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore it saith—Up! thou sleeper, and arise from among the dead, and the Christ will shine upon thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore he saith, 'Arouse thyself, thou who art sleeping, and arise out of the dead, and the Christ shall shine upon thee.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore he saith: Rise, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead: and Christ shall enlighten thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherfore hee saith: Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall giue thee light.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Wherefore it is said, Awake thou who sleepest, And arise from the dead, And the Meshiha shall enlighten thee.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore it is said: Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and the Messiah will illuminate thee.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
he saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Awake x1453
(1453) Complement
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
thou y1453
[1453] Standard
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5669
<5669> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 30
that sleepest, 2518
{2518} Prime
καθεύδω
katheudo
{kath-yoo'-do}
From G2596 and εὕδω [[heudo]] (to sleep); to lie down to rest, that is, (by implication) to fall asleep (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
arise 450
{0450} Prime
ἀνίστημι
anistemi
{an-is'-tay-mee}
From G0303 and G2476; to stand up (literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
shall give y2017
[2017] Standard
ἐπιφαύσκω
epiphausko
{ep-ee-fows'-ko}
A form of G2014; to illuminate (figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
thee y4671
[4671] Standard
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
light. 2017
{2017} Prime
ἐπιφαύσκω
epiphausko
{ep-ee-fows'-ko}
A form of G2014; to illuminate (figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x4671
(4671) Complement
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 5:14

_ _ Wherefore — referring to the whole foregoing argument (Ephesians 5:8, Ephesians 5:11, Ephesians 5:13). Seeing that light (spiritual) dispels the pre-existing darkness, He (God) saith ... (compare the same phrase, Ephesians 4:8).

_ _ Awake — The reading of all the oldest manuscripts is “Up!” or, “Rouse thee!” a phrase used in stirring men to activity. The words are a paraphrase of Isaiah 60:1, Isaiah 60:2, not an exact quotation. The word “Christ,” shows that in quoting the prophecy, he views it in the light thrown on it by its Gospel fulfillment. As Israel is called on to “awake” from its previous state of “darkness” and “death” (Isaiah 59:10; Isaiah 60:2), for that her Light is come; so the Church, and each individual is similarly called to awake. Believers are called on to “awake” out of sleep; unbelievers, to “arise” from the dead (compare Matthew 25:5; Romans 13:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:6, with Ephesians 2:1).

_ _ Christ — “the true light,” “the Sun of righteousness.”

_ _ give thee light — rather, as Greek, “shall shine upon thee” (so enabling thee by being “made manifest” to become, and be, by the very fact, “light,” Ephesians 5:13; then being so “enlightened,” Ephesians 1:18, thou shalt be able, by “reproving,” to enlighten others).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 5:3-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 5:14

Wherefore he — God. Saith — In the general tenor of his word, to all who are still in darkness. Awake thou that steepest — In ignorance of God and thyself; in stupid insensibility. And arise from the dead — From the death of sin. And Christ shall give thee light — Knowledge, holiness, happiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 5:14

Wherefore (f) he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the (g) dead, and Christ shall give thee light.

(f) The scripture, or God in the scripture.

(g) He speaks of the death of sin.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:
or, it

Awake:

Isaiah 51:17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, [and] wrung [them] out.
Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
Isaiah 60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
Romans 13:11-12 And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed. ... The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
1 Thessalonians 5:6 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober.
2 Timothy 2:26 And [that] they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
*marg.

arise:

Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Isaiah 26:19 Thy dead [men] shall live, [together with] my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew [is as] the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.
Ezekiel 37:4-10 Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. ... So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
John 5:25-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 11:43-44 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. ... And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.
Romans 6:4-5 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. ... For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also [in the likeness] of [his] resurrection:
Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.

Christ:

John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
Acts 13:47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
2 Timothy 1:10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 26:19; 51:17; 52:1; 60:1. Ezk 37:4. Jn 5:25; 8:12; 9:5; 11:43. Ac 13:47. Ro 6:4, 13; 13:11. 1Co 15:34. 2Co 4:6. Ep 2:5. Col 3:1. 1Th 5:6. 2Ti 1:10; 2:26.

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