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Ephesians 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather even reprove them;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not participate in the unfruitful deeds of darkness, but instead even expose them;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and do not have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather also reprove [them],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And be not joining in fellowship in the unfruitful works of darkness, but, rather, be even administering reproof;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of the darkness and rather even convict,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness: but rather reprove them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And haue no fellowship with the vnfruitfull workes of darkenesse, but rather reproue them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And have no communion with the works of darkness, which have no fruits, but reprove them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And have no commerce with the works of darkness which are unfruitful, but reprove them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have y4790
[4790] Standard
συγκοινωνέω
sugkoinoneo
{soong-koy-no-neh'-o}
From G4862 and G2841; to share in company with, that is, co-participate in.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
no y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
fellowship 4790
{4790} Prime
συγκοινωνέω
sugkoinoneo
{soong-koy-no-neh'-o}
From G4862 and G2841; to share in company with, that is, co-participate in.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
with the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
unfruitful 175
{0175} Prime
ἄκαρπος
akarpos
{ak'-ar-pos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2590; barren (literally or figuratively).
works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
of darkness, 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
rather 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
reprove 1651
{1651} Prime
ἐλέγχω
elegcho
{el-eng'-kho}
Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
[them].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 5:11

_ _ unfruitful works of darkness — Sins are terminated in themselves, and therefore are called “works,” not “fruits” (Galatians 5:19, Galatians 5:22). Their only fruit is that which is not in a true sense fruit (Deuteronomy 32:32), namely, “death” (Romans 6:21; Galatians 6:8). Plants cannot bear “fruit” in the absence of light. Sin is “darkness,” and its parent is the prince of darkness (Ephesians 6:12). Graces, on the other hand, as flourishing in “the light,” are reproductive, and abound in fruits; which, as harmoniously combining in one whole, are termed (in the singular) “the FRUIT of the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:9).

_ _ rather, etc. — Translate as Greek, “rather even reprove them” (compare Matthew 5:14-16). Not only “have no fellowship, but even reprove them,” namely, in words, and in your deeds, which, shining with “the light,” virtually reprove all that is contrary to light (Ephesians 5:13; John 3:19-21). “Have no fellowship,” does not imply that we can avoid all intercourse (1 Corinthians 5:10), but “avoid such fellowship as will defile yourselves”; just as light, though it touch filth, is not soiled by it; nay, as light detects it, so, “even reprove sin.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 5:3-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 5:11

Reprove them — To avoid them is not enough.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 5:11

And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather (e) reprove [them].

(e) Make them open to all the world, by your good life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
no:

Ephesians 5:7 Be not ye therefore partakers with them.
Genesis 49:5-7 Simeon and Levi [are] brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations. ... Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
Psalms 1:1-2 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... But his delight [is] in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
Psalms 26:4-5 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers. ... I have hated the congregation of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.
Psalms 94:20-21 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? ... They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.
Proverbs 4:14-15 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil [men]. ... Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away.
Proverbs 9:6 Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.
Jeremiah 15:17 I sat not in the assembly of the mockers, nor rejoiced; I sat alone because of thy hand: for thou hast filled me with indignation.
Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.
1 Corinthians 5:9-11 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators: ... But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.
1 Corinthians 10:20-21 But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. ... Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
2 Corinthians 6:14-18 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
2 Thessalonians 3:6 Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us.
2 Thessalonians 3:14 And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.
1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
2 John 1:10-11 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into [your] house, neither bid him God speed: ... For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

unfruitful:

Proverbs 1:31 Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Isaiah 3:10-11 Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. ... Woe unto the wicked! [it shall be] ill [with him]: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Romans 6:21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death.
Galatians 6:8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

works:

Ephesians 4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
Job 24:13-17 They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof. ... For the morning [is] to them even as the shadow of death: if [one] know [them, they are in] the terrors of the shadow of death.
John 3:19-21 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
Romans 1:22-32 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, ... Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
1 Thessalonians 5:7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.

but:

Genesis 20:16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand [pieces] of silver: behold, he [is] to thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that [are] with thee, and with all [other]: thus she was reproved.
Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Psalms 141:5 Let the righteous smite me; [it shall be] a kindness: and let him reprove me; [it shall be] an excellent oil, [which] shall not break my head: for yet my prayer also [shall be] in their calamities.
Proverbs 9:7-8 He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame: and he that rebuketh a wicked [man getteth] himself a blot. ... Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.
Proverbs 13:18 Poverty and shame [shall be to] him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured.
Proverbs 15:12 A scorner loveth not one that reproveth him: neither will he go unto the wise.
Proverbs 19:25 Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware: and reprove one that hath understanding, [and] he will understand knowledge.
Proverbs 25:12 [As] an earring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, [so is] a wise reprover upon an obedient ear.
Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardeneth [his] neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
Isaiah 29:21 That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.
Matthew 18:15 Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.
Luke 3:19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,
1 Timothy 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.
Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:16; 49:5. Lv 19:17. Jb 24:13. Ps 1:1; 26:4; 94:20; 141:5. Pv 1:31; 4:14; 9:6, 7; 13:18; 15:12; 19:25; 25:12; 29:1. Is 3:10; 29:21. Jr 15:17. Mt 18:15. Lk 3:19. Jn 3:19. Ro 1:22; 6:21; 13:12; 16:17. 1Co 5:9; 10:20. 2Co 6:14. Ga 6:8. Ep 4:22; 5:7. 1Th 5:7. 2Th 3:6, 14. 1Ti 5:20; 6:5. 2Ti 3:5; 4:2. Tit 2:15. 2Jn 1:10. Rv 18:4.

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