Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Ephesians 4:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (Now this, He ascended, what is it but that he also descended into the lower parts of the earth?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (Now this [expression], “He ascended,” what does it mean except that He also had descended into the lower parts of the earth?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended into the lower parts of the earth?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now this, He ascended; what is it,—save—that he also descended into the under parts of the earth?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and that, he went up, what is it except that he also went down first to the lower parts of the earth?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now that he ascended, what is it, but because he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— (Now that he ascended, what is it but that hee also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But he who ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the low places of the earth?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also previously descended to the interior [regions] of the earth?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
(Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
that x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
he ascended, 305
{0305} Prime
ἀναβαίνω
anabaino
{an-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G0303 and the base of G0939; to go up (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
is x2076
(2076) Complement
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
it y2076
[2076] Standard
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
but 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he y2597
[2597] Standard
καταβαίνω
katabaino
{kat-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G2596 and the base of G0939; to descend (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
descended 2597
{2597} Prime
καταβαίνω
katabaino
{kat-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G2596 and the base of G0939; to descend (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
first 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
lower 2737
{2737} Prime
κατώτερος
katoteros
{kat-o'-ter-os}
Comparative from G2736; inferior (locally, of Hades).
parts 3313
{3313} Prime
μέρος
meros
{mer'-os}
From an obsolete but more primary form of μείρομαι [[meiromai]] (to get as a section or allotment); a division or share (literally or figuratively, in a wide application).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth? 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:9

_ _ Paul reasons that (assuming Him to be God) His ascent implies a previous descent; and that the language of the Psalm can only refer to Christ, who first descended, then ascended. For God the Father does not ascend or descend. Yet the Psalm plainly refers to God (Ephesians 4:8, Ephesians 4:17, Ephesians 4:18). It must therefore be GOD THE SON (John 6:33, John 6:62). As He declares (John 3:13), “No man hath ascended up to heaven, but He that came down from heaven.” Others, though they did not previously descend, have ascended; but none save Christ can be referred to in the Psalm as having done so; for it is of God it speaks.

_ _ lower parts of the earth — The antithesis or contrast to “far above all heavens,” is the argument of Alford and others, to show that this phrase means more than simply the earth, namely, the regions beneath it, even as He ascended not merely to the visible heavens, but “far above” them. Moreover, His design “that He might fill all things” (Ephesians 4:10, Greek, “the whole universe of things”) may imply the same. But see on Ephesians 4:10 on those words. Also the leading “captive” of the “captive hand” (“captivity”) of satanic powers, may imply that the warfare reached to their habitation itself (Psalms 63:9). Christ, as Lord of all, took possession first of the earth the unseen world beneath it (some conjecture that the region of the lost is in the central parts of our globe), then of heaven (Acts 2:27, Acts 2:28). However, all we surely know is, that His soul at death descended to Hades, that is, underwent the ordinary condition of departed spirits of men. The leading captive of satanic powers here, is not said to be at His descent, but at His ascension; so that no argument can be drawn from it for a descent to the abodes of Satan. Acts 2:27, Acts 2:28, and Romans 10:7, favor the view of the reference being simply to His descent to Hades. So Pearson in Exposition of the Creed (Philippians 2:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:2-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:9

Now this expression, He ascended, what is it, but that he descended — That is, does it not imply, that he descended first? Certainly it does, on the supposition of his being God. Otherwise it would not: since all the saints will ascend to heaven, though none of them descended thence. Into the lower parts of the earth — So the womb is called, Psalms 139:15; the grave, Psalms 63:9.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:9

(Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the (h) lower parts of the earth?

(h) Down to the earth, which is the lowest part of the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he ascended:

Proverbs 30:4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what [is] his name, and what [is] his son's name, if thou canst tell?
John 3:13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, [even] the Son of man which is in heaven.
John 6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
John 6:62 [What] and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
Acts 2:34-36 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, ... Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

he also:

Genesis 11:5 And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.
Exodus 19:20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses [up] to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.
John 6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.
John 6:41 The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.
John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
John 6:58 This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
John 8:14 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, [yet] my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
John 16:27-28 For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. ... I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.

the lower:

Psalms 8:5 For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.
Psalms 63:9 But those [that] seek my soul, to destroy [it], shall go into the lower parts of the earth.
Psalms 139:15 My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, [and] curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth.
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Hebrews 2:7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:5. Ex 19:20. Ps 8:5; 63:9; 139:15. Pv 30:4. Mt 12:40. Jn 3:13; 6:33, 38, 41, 51, 58, 62; 8:14; 16:27; 20:17. Ac 2:34. He 2:7, 9.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Ephesians 4:9.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Ephesians 4:9


Recent Chat Bible Comments