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Ephesians 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore it says, “WHEN HE ASCENDED ON HIGH, HE LED CAPTIVE A HOST OF CAPTIVES, AND HE GAVE GIFTS TO MEN.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore he says, Having ascended up on high, he has led captivity captive, and has given gifts to men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore he saith—Ascending on high, he took captivity captive, [and] gave gifts unto men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore, he saith, 'Having gone up on high he led captive captivity, and gave gifts to men,'—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore he saith: Ascending on high, he led captivity captive: he gave gifts to men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore he saith: When he ascended vp on high, he led captiuitie captiue, and gaue gifts vnto men.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Wherefore it is said, He ascended on high; He led captive captivity, And gave gifts unto men.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore it is said: He ascended on high, and carried captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
he saith, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
When he ascended y305
[0305] Standard
ἀναβαίνω
anabaino
{an-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G0303 and the base of G0939; to go up (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
up y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
x305
(0305) Complement
ἀναβαίνω
anabaino
{an-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G0303 and the base of G0939; to go up (literally or figuratively).
on x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
high, 5311
{5311} Prime
ὕψος
hupsos
{hoop'-sos}
From a derivative of G5228; elevation, that is, (abstractly) altitude, (specifically) the sky, or (figuratively) dignity.
he led captivity y162
[0162] Standard
αἰχμαλωτεύω
aichmaloteuo
{aheekh-mal-o-tew'-o}
From G0164; to capture (like G0163).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
captive, 161
{0161} Prime
αἰχμαλωσία
aichmalosia
{aheekh-mal-o-see'-ah}
From G0164; captivity.
x162
(0162) Complement
αἰχμαλωτεύω
aichmaloteuo
{aheekh-mal-o-tew'-o}
From G0164; to capture (like G0163).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
gifts 1390
{1390} Prime
δόμα
doma
{dom'-ah}
From the base of G1325; a present.
unto men. 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:8

_ _ Wherefore — “For which reason,” namely, in order to intimate that Christ, the Head of the Church, is the author of all these different gifts, and that giving of them is an act of His “grace” [Estius].

_ _ he saith — God, whose word the Scripture is (Psalms 68:18).

_ _ When he ascended — God is meant in the Psalm, represented by the ark, which was being brought up to Zion in triumph by David, after that “the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies” (2 Samuel 6:1-7:1; 1 Chronicles 15:1-29). Paul quotes it of Christ ascending to heaven, who is therefore God.

_ _ captivity — that is, a band of captives. In the Psalm, the captive foes of David. In the antitypical meaning, the foes of Christ the Son of David, the devil, death, the curse, and sin (Colossians 2:15; 2 Peter 2:4), led as it were in triumphal procession as a sign of the destruction of the foe.

_ _ gave gifts unto men — in the Psalm, “received gifts for men,” Hebrew, “among men,” that is, “thou hast received gifts” to distribute among men. As a conqueror distributes in token of his triumph the spoils of foes as gifts among his people. The impartation of the gifts and graces of the Spirit depended on Christ’s ascension (John 7:39; John 14:12). Paul stops short in the middle of the verse, and does not quote “that the Lord God might dwell among them.” This, it is true, is partly fulfilled in Christians being an “habitation of God through the Spirit” (Ephesians 2:22). But the Psalm (Psalms 68:16) refers to “the Lord dwelling in Zion for ever”; the ascension amidst attendant angels, having as its counterpart the second advent amidst “thousands of angels” (Psalms 68:17), accompanied by the restoration of Israel (Psalms 68:22), the destruction of God’s enemies and the resurrection (Psalms 68:20, Psalms 68:21, Psalms 68:23), the conversion of the kingdoms of the world to the Lord at Jerusalem (Psalms 68:29-34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:2-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:8

Wherefore he saith — That is, in reference to which God saith by David, Having ascended on high, he led captivity captive — He triumphed over all his enemies, Satan, sin, and death, which had before enslaved all the world: alluding to the custom of ancient conquerors, who led those they had conquered in chains after them. And, as they also used to give donatives to the people, at their return from victory, so he gave gifts to men — Both the ordinary and extraordinary gifts of the Spirit. Psalms 68:18.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:8

Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led (g) captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

(g) A multitude of captives.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
When:

Psalms 68:18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell [among them].

he led:

Judges 5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.
Colossians 2:15 [And] having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

captivity:
or, a multitude of captives

and:

1 Samuel 30:26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, [even] to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
Esther 2:18 Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, [even] Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 5:12. 1S 30:26. Es 2:18. Ps 68:18. Col 2:15.

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