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Ephesians 4:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, and in all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— one God and Father of all, who is over all, and through all, and in us all.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— One God and Father of all—who is over all, and through all, and in all.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— one God and Father of all, who [is] over all, and through all, and in you all,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in us all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— One God and Father of all, who is aboue all, & through all, & in you all.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and one is Aloha, the Father of all, and over all, and by all, and in us all.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and one God is the Father of all, and over all, and by all, and in us all.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
One 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
of all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
who 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
[is] above 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
all, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
all. 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:6

_ _ above — “over all.” The “one God over all” (in His sovereignty and by His grace) is the grand source and crowning apex of unity (Ephesians 2:19, end).

_ _ through all — by means of Christ “who filleth all things” (Ephesians 4:10; Ephesians 2:20, Ephesians 2:21), and is “a propitiation” for all men (1 John 2:2).

_ _ in you all — The oldest manuscripts omit “you.” Many of the oldest versions and Fathers and old manuscripts read, “in us all.” Whether the pronoun be read or not, it must be understood (either from the “ye,” Ephesians 4:4, or from the “us,” Ephesians 4:7); for other parts of Scripture prove that the Spirit is not “in all” men, but only in believers (Romans 8:9, Romans 8:14). God is “Father” both by generation (as Creator) and regeneration (Ephesians 2:10; James 1:17, James 1:18; 1 John 5:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:2-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:6

One God and Father of all — That believe. Who is above all — Presiding over all his children, operating through them all by Christ, and dwelling in all by his Spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:6

One God and Father of all, who [is] (c) above all, and (d) through all, and (e) in you all.

(c) Who alone has the chief authority over the Church.

(d) Who alone pours forth his providence, through all the members of the Church.

(e) Who alone is joined together with us in Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

Ephesians 6:23 Peace [be] to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Numbers 16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
Isaiah 63:16 Doubtless thou [art] our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, [art] our father, our redeemer; thy name [is] from everlasting.
Malachi 2:10 Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?
Matthew 6:9 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
1 Corinthians 12:6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.
Galatians 3:26-28 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. ... There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
Galatians 4:3-7 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: ... Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
1 John 3:1-3 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. ... And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.

who:

Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed [be] Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
1 Chronicles 29:11-12 Thine, O LORD, [is] the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all [that is] in the heaven and in the earth [is thine]; thine [is] the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all. ... Both riches and honour [come] of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand [is] power and might; and in thine hand [it is] to make great, and to give strength unto all.
Psalms 95:3 For the LORD [is] a great God, and a great King above all gods.
Isaiah 40:11-17 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young. ... All nations before him [are] as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.
Isaiah 40:21-23 Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood from the foundations of the earth? ... That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.
Jeremiah 10:10-13 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation. ... When he uttereth his voice, [there is] a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
Daniel 4:34-35 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation: ... And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?
Daniel 5:18-23 O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour: ... But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Romans 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, [are] all things: to whom [be] glory for ever. Amen.
Revelation 4:8-11 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. ... Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

and in:

Ephesians 2:22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
Ephesians 3:17 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,
John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
John 17:26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare [it]: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.
2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
1 John 3:24 And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.
1 John 4:12-15 No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us. ... Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:19. Nu 16:22. 1Ch 29:11. Ps 95:3. Is 40:11, 21; 63:16. Jr 10:10. Dn 4:34; 5:18. Mal 2:10. Mt 6:9, 13. Jn 14:23; 17:26; 20:17. Ro 11:36. 1Co 8:6; 12:6. 2Co 6:16. Ga 3:26; 4:3. Ep 1:21; 2:22; 3:17; 6:23. 1Jn 3:1, 24; 4:12. Rv 4:8.

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