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Ephesians 4:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving each other, even as God also in Christ forgave you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And be ye kind one to another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and be to one another kind, compassionate, forgiving one another, so as God also in Christ has forgiven you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And be ye gracious one to another, tenderly affectionate, in favour forgiving one another—even as, God also, in Christ, hath in favour forgiven you;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and become one to another kind, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, according as also God in Christ did forgive you.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And be ye kind one to another: merciful, forgiving one another, even as God hath forgiven you in Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And bee ye kinde one to another. tender hearted, forgiuing one another, euen as God for Christs sake hath forgiuen you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and be gentle one with another, and affectionate, and forgive one another, even as Aloha in the Meshiha hath forgiven us.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and be ye affectionate towards one another, and sympathetic; and forgive ye one another, as God by the Messiah hath forgiven us.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5737
<5737> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 152
ye kind 5543
{5543} Prime
χρηστός
chrestos
{khrase-tos'}
From G5530; employed, that is, (by implication) useful (in manner or morals).
one to another, 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
tenderhearted, 2155
{2155} Prime
εὔσπλαγχνος
eusplagchnos
{yoo'-splangkh-nos}
From G2095 and G4698; well compassioned, that is, sympathetic.
forgiving 5483
{5483} Prime
χαρίζομαι
charizomai
{khar-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G5485; to grant as a favor, that is, gratuitously, in kindness, pardon or rescue.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
one another, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
even x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
for y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
Christ's y5547
[5547] Standard
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
sake 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
x5547
(5547) Complement
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
hath forgiven 5483
{5483} Prime
χαρίζομαι
charizomai
{khar-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G5485; to grant as a favor, that is, gratuitously, in kindness, pardon or rescue.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
you. 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:32

_ _ (Luke 7:42; Colossians 3:12).

_ _ even as — God hath shown Himself “kind, tender-hearted, and forgiving to you”; it is but just that you in turn shall be so to your fellow men, who have not erred against you in the degree that you have erred against God (Matthew 18:33).

_ _ God for Christ’s sake — rather as Greek, “God in Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:19). It is in Christ that God vouchsafes forgiveness to us. It cost God the death of His Son, as man, to forgive us. It costs us nothing to forgive our fellow man.

_ _ hath forgiven — rather as Greek,forgave you.” God has, once for all, forgiven sin in Christ, as a past historical fact.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:32

As God, showing himself kind and tenderhearted in the highest degree, hath forgiven you.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:32

And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, (19) even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.

(19) An argument taken from the example of Christ, most grave and strong, both for the pardoning of those injuries which have been done to us by our greatest enemies, and much more for having consideration of the miserable, and using moderation and gentle behaviour towards all men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kind:

Ruth 2:20 And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed [be] he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man [is] near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen.
Psalms 112:4-5 Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: [he is] gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous. ... A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 19:22 The desire of a man [is] his kindness: and a poor man [is] better than a liar.
Isaiah 57:1 The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth [it] to heart: and merciful men [are] taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil [to come].
*marg.
Luke 6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Acts 28:2 And the barbarous people shewed us no little kindness: for they kindled a fire, and received us every one, because of the present rain, and because of the cold.
Romans 12:10 [Be] kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another;
1 Corinthians 13:4 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,
2 Corinthians 2:10 To whom ye forgive any thing, I [forgive] also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave [it], for your sakes [forgave I it] in the person of Christ;
2 Corinthians 6:6 By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned,
Colossians 3:12-13 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; ... Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also [do] ye.
2 Peter 1:7 And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.

tenderhearted:

Psalms 145:9 The LORD [is] good to all: and his tender mercies [are] over all his works.
Proverbs 12:10 A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
James 5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

forgiving:

Ephesians 5:1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
Genesis 50:17-18 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him. ... And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said, Behold, we [be] thy servants.
Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Matthew 6:14-15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: ... But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Matthew 18:21-35 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? ... So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Mark 11:25-26 And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. ... But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.
Luke 6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
Luke 11:4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.
Luke 17:4 And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.
Romans 12:20-21 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
2 Corinthians 2:7 So that contrariwise ye [ought] rather to forgive [him], and comfort [him], lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
2 Corinthians 2:10 To whom ye forgive any thing, I [forgive] also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave [it], for your sakes [forgave I it] in the person of Christ;
Colossians 3:12-13 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; ... Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also [do] ye.
1 Peter 3:8-9 Finally, [be ye] all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, [be] pitiful, [be] courteous: ... Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
1 John 2:12 I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 50:17. Ru 2:20. Ps 112:4, 9; 145:9. Pv 12:10; 19:22. Is 57:1. Mt 6:12, 14; 18:21. Mk 11:25. Lk 1:78; 6:35, 37; 11:4; 17:4. Ac 28:2. Ro 12:10, 20. 1Co 13:4. 2Co 2:7, 10; 6:6. Ep 5:1. Col 3:12. Jm 5:11. 1P 3:8. 2P 1:7. 1Jn 1:9; 2:12.

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