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Ephesians 4:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and railing, be put away from you, with all malice:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let all bitterness, and heat of passion, and wrath, and clamour, and injurious language, be removed from you, with all malice;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and outcry, and profane speaking, let it be taken away from you, with all baseness;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let all bitterness and anger and indignation and clamour and blasphemy be put away from you, with all malice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let all bitternes, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and euill speaking, be put away from you, with all malice,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Let all bitterness, and heat, and anger, and clamour, and scandal be taken from you, with all malice;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let all bitterness, and anger, and wrath, and clamoring, and reviling, be taken from you, with all malice:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y142
[0142] Standard
αἴρω
airo
{ah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to lift; by implication to take up or away; figuratively to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind); specifically to sail away (that is, weigh anchor); by Hebraism (compare [H5375]) to expiate sin.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
bitterness, 4088
{4088} Prime
πικρία
pikria
{pik-ree'-ah}
From G4089; acridity (especially poison), literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wrath, 2372
{2372} Prime
θυμός
thumos
{thoo-mos'}
From G2380; passion (as if breathing hard).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
anger, 3709
{3709} Prime
ὀργή
orge
{or-gay'}
From G3713; properly desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), that is, (by analogy) violent passion (ire, or [justifiable] abhorrence); by implication punishment.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
clamour, 2906
{2906} Prime
κραυγή
krauge
{krow-gay'}
From G2896; an outcry (in notification, tumult or grief).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
evil speaking, 988
{0988} Prime
βλασφημία
blasphemia
{blas-fay-me'-ah}
From G0989; vilification (especially against God).
be put away 142
{0142} Prime
αἴρω
airo
{ah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to lift; by implication to take up or away; figuratively to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind); specifically to sail away (that is, weigh anchor); by Hebraism (compare [H5375]) to expiate sin.
z5682
<5682> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 40
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
you, 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
malice: 2549
{2549} Prime
κακία
kakia
{kak-ee'-ah}
From G2556; badness, that is, (subjectively) depravity, or (actively) malignity, or (passively) trouble.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:31

_ _ bitterness — both of spirit and of speech: opposed to “kind.”

_ _ wrath — passion for a time: opposed to “tender-hearted.” Whence Bengel translates for “wrath,” harshness.

_ _ anger — lasting resentment: opposed to “forgiving one another.”

_ _ clamour — compared by Chrysostom to a horse carrying anger for its rider: “Bridle the horse, and you dismount its rider.” “Bitterness” begets “wrath”; “wrath,” “anger”; “anger,” “clamor”; and “clamor,” the more chronic “evil-speaking,” slander, insinuations, and surmises of evil. “Malice” is the secret root of all: “fires fed within, and not appearing to by-standers from without, are the most formidable” [Chrysostom].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:31

Let all bitterness — The height of settled anger, opposite to kindness, Ephesians 4:32. And wrath — Lasting displeasure toward the ignorant, and them that are out of the way, opposite to tenderheartedness. And anger — The very first risings of disgust at those that injure you, opposite to forgiving one another. And clamour — Or bawling. "I am not angry," says one; "but it is my way to speak so." Then unlearn that way: it is the way to hell. And evil speaking — Be it in ever so mild and soft a tone, or with ever such professions of kindness. Here is a beautiful retrogradation, beginning with the highest, and descending to the lowest, degree of the want of love.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
bitterness:

Psalms 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words:
Romans 3:14 Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness:
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
Colossians 3:19 Husbands, love [your] wives, and be not bitter against them.
James 3:14-15 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. ... This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish.

wrath:

Ephesians 4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
Proverbs 14:17 [He that is] soon angry dealeth foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated.
Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath [is] as the roaring of a lion; but his favour [is] as dew upon the grass.
Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
Galatians 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.
Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
James 3:14-18 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. ... And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.
James 4:1-2 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.

clamour:

2 Samuel 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more [right] in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.
2 Samuel 20:1-2 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. ... So every man of Israel went up from after David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.
Proverbs 29:9 [If] a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, [there is] no rest.
Proverbs 29:22 An angry man stirreth up strife, and a furious man aboundeth in transgression.
Acts 19:28-29 And when they heard [these sayings], they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great [is] Diana of the Ephesians. ... And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
Acts 21:30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and forthwith the doors were shut.
Acts 22:22-23 And they gave him audience unto this word, and [then] lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a [fellow] from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live. ... And as they cried out, and cast off [their] clothes, and threw dust into the air,
1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
1 Timothy 6:4-5 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, ... Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.

evil speaking:

Leviticus 19:16 Thou shalt not go up and down [as] a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I [am] the LORD.
2 Samuel 19:27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king [is] as an angel of God: do therefore [what is] good in thine eyes.
Psalms 15:3 [He that] backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.
Psalms 50:20 Thou sittest [and] speakest against thy brother; thou slanderest thine own mother's son.
Psalms 101:5 Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
Psalms 140:11 Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow [him].
Proverbs 6:19 A false witness [that] speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.
Proverbs 10:18 He that hideth hatred [with] lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, [is] a fool.
Proverbs 18:8 The words of a talebearer [are] as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
Proverbs 25:23 The north wind driveth away rain: so [doth] an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.
Proverbs 26:20 Where no wood is, [there] the fire goeth out: so where [there is] no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.
Jeremiah 6:28 They [are] all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: [they are] brass and iron; they [are] all corrupters.
Jeremiah 9:4 Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.
Romans 1:29-30 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, ... Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
1 Timothy 3:11 Even so [must their] wives [be] grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
1 Timothy 5:13 And withal they learn [to be] idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,
Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that [they be] in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of [his] brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
1 Peter 2:1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
2 Peter 2:10-11 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. ... Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.
Jude 1:8-10 Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. ... But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

with:

Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Genesis 37:4 And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
Genesis 37:21 And Reuben heard [it], and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him.
Leviticus 19:17-18 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. ... Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I [am] the LORD.
2 Samuel 13:22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.
Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins.
Proverbs 26:24-25 He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him; ... When he speaketh fair, believe him not: for [there are] seven abominations in his heart.
Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
1 Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
1 John 3:15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.
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Gn 4:8; 27:41; 37:4, 21. Lv 19:16, 17. 2S 13:22; 19:27, 43; 20:1. Ps 15:3; 50:20; 64:3; 101:5; 140:11. Pv 6:19; 10:12, 18; 14:17; 18:8; 19:12; 25:23; 26:20, 24; 29:9, 22. Ec 7:9. Jr 6:28; 9:4. Ac 19:28; 21:30; 22:22. Ro 1:29; 3:14. 1Co 5:8; 14:20. 2Co 12:20. Ga 5:20. Ep 4:26. Col 3:8, 19. 1Ti 3:3, 11; 5:13; 6:4. 2Ti 2:23; 3:3. Tit 1:7; 2:3; 3:2, 3. Jm 1:19; 3:14; 4:1, 11. 1P 2:1. 2P 2:10. 1Jn 3:12, 15. Jde 1:8. Rv 12:10.

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