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Ephesians 4:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, in whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed to the day of redemption.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with which ye have been sealed for [the] day of redemption.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And be not grieving the Holy Spirit of God, wherewith ye have been sealed unto a day of redemption;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and make not sorrowful the Holy Spirit of God, in which ye were sealed to a day of redemption.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And grieve not the holy Spirit of God: whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And grieue not the holy Sririt of God, whereby yee are sealed vnto the day of redemption.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And grieve not the Holy Spirit of Aloha, by whom you have been sealed unto the day of redemption.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed for the day of redemption.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
grieve 3076
{3076} Prime
λυπέω
lupeo
{loo-peh'-o}
From G3077; to distress; reflexively or passively to be sad.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
whereby 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye are sealed 4972
{4972} Prime
σφραγίζω
sphragizo
{sfrag-id'-zo}
From G4973; to stamp (with a signet or private mark) for security or preservation (literally or figuratively); by implication to keep secret, to attest.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
of redemption. 629
{0629} Prime
ἀπολύτρωσις
apolutrosis
{ap-ol-oo'-tro-sis}
From a compound of G0575 and G3083; (the act) ransom in full, that is, (figuratively) riddance, or (specifically) Christian salvation.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:30

_ _ grieve not — A condescension to human modes of thought most touching. Compare “vexed His Holy Spirit” (Isaiah 63:10; Psalms 78:40); “fretted me” (Ezekiel 16:43 : implying His tender love to us); and of hardened unbelievers, “resist the Holy Ghost” (Acts 7:51). This verse refers to believers, who grieve the Spirit by inconsistencies such as in the context are spoken of, corrupt or worthless conversation, etc.

_ _ whereby ye are sealed — rather, “wherein (or ‘in whom’) ye were sealed.” As in Ephesians 1:13, believers are said to be sealed “inChrist, so here “in the Holy Spirit,” who is one with Christ, and who reveals Christ in the soul: the Greek implies that the sealing was done already once for all. It is the Father “BY” whom believers, as well as the Son Himself, were sealed (John 6:27). The Spirit is represented as itself the seal (Ephesians 1:13, for the image employed, see on Ephesians 1:13). Here the Spirit is the element IN which the believer is sealed, His gracious influences being the seal itself.

_ _ unto — kept safely against the day of redemption, namely, of the completion of redemption in the deliverance of the body as well as the soul from all sin and sorrow (Ephesians 1:14; Luke 21:28; Romans 8:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:30

Grieve not the Holy Spirit — By any disobedience. Particularly by corrupt discourse; or by any of the following sins. Do not force him to withdraw from you, as a friend does whom you grieve by unkind behaviour. The day of redemption — That is, the day of judgment, in which our redemption will be completed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:30

(18) And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

(18) A general precept against all excess of affections which dwell in that part of the mind, which they call "angry", and he sets against them the contrary means. And he uses a most strong preface, how we ought to take heed that we grieve not the Holy Spirit of God through our immoderateness and excessiveness, who dwells in us to the end of moderating all our affections.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
grieve:

Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also [is] flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
Judges 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
Psalms 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, [and] grieve him in the desert!
Psalms 95:10 Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:
Isaiah 7:13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; [Is it] a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also?
Isaiah 43:24 Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.
Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] he fought against them.
Ezekiel 16:43 Because thou hast not remembered the days of thy youth, but hast fretted me in all these [things]; behold, therefore I also will recompense thy way upon [thine] head, saith the Lord GOD: and thou shalt not commit this lewdness above all thine abominations.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Acts 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye.
1 Thessalonians 5:19 Quench not the Spirit.
Hebrews 3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
Hebrews 3:17 But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

whereby:

Ephesians 1:13 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

the day:

Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
Luke 21:28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:3, 6. Jg 10:16. Ps 78:40; 95:10. Is 7:13; 43:24; 63:10. Ezk 16:43. Ho 13:14. Mk 3:5. Lk 21:28. Ac 7:51. Ro 8:11, 23. 1Co 1:30; 15:54. Ep 1:13, 14. 1Th 5:19. He 3:10, 17.

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