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Ephesians 4:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— BE ANGRY, AND [yet] DO NOT SIN; do not let the sun go down on your anger,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be angry, and do not sin; let not the sun set upon your wrath,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be ye angry, and not committing sin, let not the sun be going down upon your angry mood,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— be angry and do not sin; let not the sun go down upon your wrath,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be angry: and sin not. Let not the sun go down upon your anger.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be ye angry and sinne not, let not the Sunne go down vpon your wrath:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Be angry and sin not, and let not the sun set upon your wrath,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be ye angry, and sin not: and let not the sun go down upon your wrath.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be ye angry, 3710
{3710} Prime
ὀργίζω
orgizo
{or-gid'-zo}
From G3709; to provoke or enrage, that is, (passively) become exasperated.
z5744
<5744> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 48
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sin 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
not: y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
let y1931
[1931] Standard
ἐπιδύω
epiduo
{ep-ee-doo'-o}
From G1909 and G1416; to set fully (as the sun).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sun 2246
{2246} Prime
ἥλιος
helios
{hay'-lee-os}
From ἕλη [[hele]] (a ray; perhaps akin to the alternate of G0138); the sun; by implication light.
go down 1931
{1931} Prime
ἐπιδύω
epiduo
{ep-ee-doo'-o}
From G1909 and G1416; to set fully (as the sun).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
wrath: 3950
{3950} Prime
παροργισμός
parorgismos
{par-org-is-mos'}
From G3949; rage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:26

_ _ Be ye angry, and sin not — So the Septuagint, Psalms 4:4. Should circumstances arise to call for anger on your part, let it be as Christ’s “anger” (Mark 3:5), without sin. Our natural feelings are not wrong when directed to their legitimate object, and when not exceeding due bounds. As in the future literal, so in the present spiritual, resurrection, no essential constituent is annihilated, but all that is a perversion of the original design is removed. Thus indignation at dishonor done to God, and wrong to man, is justifiable anger. Passion is sinful (derived from “passio,suffering: implying that amidst seeming energy, a man is really passive, the slave of his anger, instead of ruling it).

_ _ let not the sun go down upon your wrath — “wrath” is absolutely forbidden; “anger” not so, though, like poison sometimes used as medicine, it is to be used with extreme caution. The sense is not, Your anger shall not be imputed to you if you put it away before nightfall; but “let no wrath (that is, as the Greek, personal ‘irritation’ or ‘exasperation’) mingle with your ‘anger,’ even though, the latter be righteous, [Trench, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament]. “Put it away before sunset” (when the Jewish day began), is proverbial for put it away at once before another day begin (Deuteronomy 24:15); also before you part with your brother for the night, perhaps never in this world to meet again. So Jona, “Let not night and anger against anyone sleep with you, but go and conciliate the other party, though he have been the first to commit the offense.” Let not your “anger” at another’s wickedness verge into hatred, or contempt, or revenge [Vatablus].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:17-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:26

Be ye angry, and sin not — That is, if ye are angry, take heed ye sin not. Anger at sin is not evil; but we should feel only pity to the sinner. If we are angry at the person, as well as the fault, we sin. And how hardly do we avoid it. Let not the sun go down upon your wrath — Reprove your brother, and be reconciled immediately. Lose not one day. A clear, express command. Reader, do you keep it?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:26

(15) Be (k) ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down (l) upon your wrath:

(15) He teaches us how to bridle our anger in such a way that, even though our anger is fierce, yet it does not break out, and that it is without delay quenched before we sleep. And this is so that Satan may not take occasion to give us evil counsel through the wicked counsellor, and destroy us.

(k) If it so happens that you are angry, yet do not sin, that is, bridle your anger, and do not wickedly do that which you have wickedly conceived.

(l) Let not the night come upon you in your anger, that is, make atonement quickly, for all matters.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye:

Ephesians 4:31-32 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: ... And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
Exodus 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.
Exodus 32:21-22 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them? ... And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they [are set] on mischief.
Numbers 20:10-13 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? ... This [is] the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.
Numbers 20:24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah.
Numbers 25:7-11 And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw [it], he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand; ... Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
Nehemiah 5:6-13 And I was very angry when I heard their cry and these words. ... Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the LORD. And the people did according to this promise.
Psalms 4:4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Psalms 37:8 Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil.
Psalms 106:30-33 Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and [so] the plague was stayed. ... Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.
Proverbs 14:29 [He that is] slow to wrath [is] of great understanding: but [he that is] hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
Proverbs 19:11 The discretion of a man deferreth his anger; and [it is] his glory to pass over a transgression.
Proverbs 25:23 The north wind driveth away rain: so [doth] an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.
Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
Mark 10:14 But when Jesus saw [it], he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.
Romans 12:19-21 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
James 1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

let:

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 11:8; 32:21. Nu 20:10, 24; 25:7. Dt 24:15. Ne 5:6. Ps 4:4; 37:8; 106:30. Pv 14:29; 19:11; 25:23. Ec 7:9. Mt 5:22. Mk 3:5; 10:14. Ro 12:19. Ep 4:31. Jm 1:19.

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