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Ephesians 4:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but speaking truth in love, we may grow up in all things into him, who is the head, [even] Christ;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all [aspects] into Him who is the head, [even] Christ,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, who is the head, [even] Christ:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but, holding the truth in love, we may grow up to him in all things, who is the head, the Christ:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, pursuing truth—may, in love, grow into him in all things,—who is the head, Christ,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, being true in love, we may increase to Him [in] all things, who is the head—the Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But doing the truth in charity, we may in all things grow up in him who is the head, even Christ:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But speaking the trueth in loue, may grow vp into him in all things which is the head, [euen] Christ:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but be confirmed in our love, that whatever is ours may increase in the Meshiha, who is the head,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— but that we might be established in our love; and that every thing in us might progress in the Messiah, who is the head:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
speaking the truth 226
{0226} Prime
ἀληθεύω
aletheuo
{al-ayth-yoo'-o}
From G0227; to be true (in doctrine and profession).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
love, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
may grow up 837
{0837} Prime
αὐξάνω
auxano
{owx-an'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to grow ('wax'), that is, enlarge (literally or figuratively, actively or passively).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in all things, 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
head, 2776
{2776} Prime
κεφαλή
kephale
{kef-al-ay'}
Probably from the primary word κάπτω [[kapto]] (in the sense of seizing); the head (as the part most readily taken hold of), literally or figuratively.
[even] Christ: 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:15

_ _ speaking the truth — Translate, “holding the truth”; “following the truth”; opposed to “error” or “deceit” (Ephesians 4:14).

_ _ in love — “Truth” is never to be sacrificed to so-called “charity”; yet it is to be maintained in charity. Truth in word and act, love in manner and spirit, are the Christian’s rule (compare Ephesians 4:21, Ephesians 4:24).

_ _ grow up — from the state of “children” to that of “full-grown men.” There is growth only in the spiritually alive, not in the dead.

_ _ into him — so as to be more and more incorporated with Him, and become one with Him.

_ _ the head — (Ephesians 1:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:2-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:15

Into him — Into his image and Spirit, and into a full union with him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:15

(11) But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ:

(11) By earnest affection of the truth and love, we grow up into Christ: for he (being effectual by the ministry of his word, which as the vital Spirit makes alive the whole body in such a way that it nourishes all the limbs of it according to the measure and proportion of each one) quickens and cherishes his Church, which consists of various functions, as of various members, and preserves the need of every one. And from this it follows that neither this body can live without Christ, neither can any man grow up spiritually, who separates himself from the other members.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
But:

Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Zechariah 8:16 These [are] the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 8:8 I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.

speaking the truth:
or, being sincere,
Judges 16:15 And she said unto him, How canst thou say, I love thee, when thine heart [is] not with me? thou hast mocked me these three times, and hast not told me wherein thy great strength [lieth].
Psalms 32:2 Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile.
John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
James 2:15-16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

may:

Ephesians 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. ... They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.

which:

Ephesians 1:22 And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body.
Colossians 1:18-19 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence. ... For it pleased [the Father] that in him should all fulness dwell;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 16:15. Ps 32:2. Ho 14:5. Zc 8:16. Mal 4:2. Jn 1:47. Ro 12:9. 2Co 4:2; 8:8. Ep 1:22; 2:21; 4:25; 5:23. Col 1:18. Jm 2:15. 1P 1:22; 2:2. 2P 3:18. 1Jn 3:18.

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