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Ephesians 4:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that we may be no longer children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, by which they lie in wait to deceive:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in order that we may be no longer babes, tossed and carried about by every wind of *that* teaching [which is] in the sleight of men, in unprincipled cunning with a view to systematized error;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That we may, no longer, be infants—billow-tossed and shifted round with every wind of teaching,—in the craft of men, in knavery suited to the artifice of error;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that we may no more be babes, tossed and borne about by every wind of the teaching, in the sleight of men, in craftiness, unto the artifice of leading astray,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That henceforth we be no more children tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the wickedness of men, by cunning craftiness by which they lie in wait to deceive.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That we hencefoorth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and caried about with euery winde of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftinesse, whereby they lye in waite to deceiue:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and that we be no [more] children, agitated and altered by every wind of fraudulent doctrines of men, which in their craftiness they fabricate deceptively in order to seduce,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that we might not be children, agitated and turned about by every wind of the crafty doctrines of men who plot to seduce by their subtilty:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That 2443
{2443} Prime
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
we [henceforth] be 5600
{5600} Prime

Including the oblique forms, as well as ἦς [[es]], {ace}; [[e]], {ay}, etc.; the subjunctive of G1510; (may, might, can, could, would, must, etc.; also with G1487 and its compounds, as well as with other particles) be.
<5753> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 68
no more 3371
{3371} Prime
From G3361 and G2089; no further.
children, 3516
{3516} Prime
From an obsolete particle νη- [[ne]]-; implying negation and G2031; not speaking, that is, an infant (minor); figuratively a simple minded person, an immature Christian.
tossed to and fro, 2831
{2831} Prime
Middle voice from G2830; to surge, that is, (figuratively) to fluctuate.
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
carried about x4064
(4064) Complement
From G4012 and G5342; to convey around, that is, transport hither and thither.
with y4064
[4064] Standard
From G4012 and G5342; to convey around, that is, transport hither and thither.
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
every 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
wind 417
{0417} Prime
From the base of G0109; wind; (plural) by implication (the four) quarters (of the earth).
of doctrine, 1319
{1319} Prime
From G1320; instruction (the function or the information).
by 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sleight 2940
{2940} Prime
From κύβος [[kubos]] (a 'cube', that is, die for playing); gambling, that is, (figuratively) artifice or fraud.
of men, 444
{0444} Prime
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
[and] x1722
(1722) Complement
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
cunning craftiness, 3834
{3834} Prime
From G3835; adroitness, that is, (in a bad sense) trickery or sophistry.
[1722] Standard
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
whereby 4314
{4314} Prime
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
they lie in wait y3180
[3180] Standard
From a compound of G3326 and G3593 [compare 'method']; traveling over, that is, travesty, (trickery).
to deceive; 4106
{4106} Prime
Feminine of G4108 (as abstraction); objectively fraudulence; subjectively a straying from orthodoxy or piety.
(3180) Complement
From a compound of G3326 and G3593 [compare 'method']; traveling over, that is, travesty, (trickery).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 4:14

_ _ Translate, “To the end that”; the aim of the bestowal of gifts stated negatively, as in Ephesians 4:13 it is stated positively.

_ _ tossed to and froinwardly, even without wind; like billows of the sea. So the Greek. Compare James 1:6.

_ _ carried about — with every wind from without.

_ _ doctrine — “teaching.” The various teachings are the “winds” which keep them tossed on a sea of doubts (Hebrews 13:9; compare Matthew 11:7).

_ _ byGreek, “in”; expressing “the evil atmosphere in which the varying currents of doctrine exert their force” [Ellicott].

_ _ sleight — literally, “dice playing.” The player frames his throws of the dice so that the numbers may turn up which best suit his purpose.

_ _ of men — contrasted with Christ (Ephesians 4:13).

_ _ andGreek, “in.”

_ _ cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive — Translate as Greek, “craftiness tending to the methodized system of deceit” (“the schemes of error”) [Alford]. Bengel takes “deceit,” or “error,” to stand for “the parent of error,” Satan (compare Ephesians 6:11); referring to his concealed mode of acting.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 4:2-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 4:14

Fluctuating to and fro — From within, even when there is no wind. And carried about with every wind — From without; when we are assaulted by others, who are unstable as the wind. By the sleight of men — By their "cogging the dice;" so the original word implies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 4:14

(9) That we [henceforth] be no more children, (10) tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the (s) sleight of men, [and] (t) cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

(9) Between our childhood (that is to say, a very weak state, when we are still wavering) and our perfect age, which we will have at length in another world, there is a mean, that is, our youth, and steady going forward to perfection.

(10) He compares those who do not rest themselves upon the word of God, to little boats which are tossed here and there with the doctrines of men as it were with contrary winds, and in addition forewarns them that it comes to pass not only by the unsteadiness of man's brain, but also by the craftiness of certain ones, who make as it were an art of it.

(s) With those uncertain events which toss men to and fro.

(t) By the deceit of those men who are very well practised in deceiving others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
no more:

Isaiah 28:9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? [them that are] weaned from the milk, [and] drawn from the breasts.
Matthew 18:3-4 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. ... Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
1 Corinthians 3:1-2 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ. ... I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
Hebrews 5:12-14 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. ... But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.


Acts 20:30-31 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
Romans 16:17-18 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them. ... For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
2 Corinthians 11:3-4 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. ... For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or [if] ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with [him].
Galatians 1:6-7 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: ... Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.
Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?
Colossians 2:4-8 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words. ... Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
2 Thessalonians 2:2-5 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. ... Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
1 Timothy 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.
1 Timothy 4:6-7 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained. ... But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself [rather] unto godliness.
2 Timothy 1:15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
2 Timothy 2:17-18 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; ... Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
2 Timothy 3:6-9 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts, ... But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all [men], as theirs also was.
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. ... And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
1 John 2:26 These [things] have I written unto you concerning them that seduce you.
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.


Matthew 11:7 And as they departed, Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
1 Corinthians 12:2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led.
James 1:6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
James 3:4 Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.

by the:

Matthew 24:11 And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
2 Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. ... Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
2 Thessalonians 2:9-10 [Even him], whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, ... And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
Revelation 13:11-14 And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. ... And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.


Psalms 10:9 He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
Psalms 59:3 For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD.
Micah 7:2 The good [man] is perished out of the earth: and [there is] none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood; they hunt every man his brother with a net.
Acts 23:21 But do not thou yield unto them: for there lie in wait for him of them more than forty men, which have bound themselves with an oath, that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him: and now are they ready, looking for a promise from thee.
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