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Ephesians 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and to know the love of Christ which passeth knowledge, that ye may be filled unto all the fulness of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled up to all the fullness of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye may be filled with all the fullness of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and to know the love of the Christ which surpasses knowledge; that ye may be filled [even] to all the fulness of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To get to know, also, the knowledge-surpassing, love of the Christ,—in order that ye may be filled unto all the fulness of God:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to know also the love of the Christ that is exceeding the knowledge, that ye may be filled—to all the fulness of God;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To know also the charity of Christ, which surpasseth all knowledge: that you may be filled unto all the fulness of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And to know the loue of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that yee might bee filled with all the fulnesse of God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and know the grandeur of the love of the Meshiha, and be filled with all the fulness of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and may know the greatness of the Messiah's love; and [that] ye may be filled with all the fullness of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 5037
{5037} Prime
τέ
te
{teh}
A primary particle (enclitic) of connection or addition; both or also (properly as a correlation of G2532).
to know 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
love 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
of Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
which passeth 5235
{5235} Prime
ὑπερβάλλω
huperballo
{hoop-er-bal'-lo}
From G5228 and G0906; to throw beyond the usual mark, that is, (figuratively) to surpass (only active participle supereminent).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
knowledge, 1108
{1108} Prime
γνῶσις
gnosis
{gno'-sis}
From G1097; knowing (the act), that is, (by implication) knowledge.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye might be filled 4137
{4137} Prime
πληρόω
pleroo
{play-ro'-o}
From G4134; to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
with 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fulness 4138
{4138} Prime
πλήρωμα
pleroma
{play'-ro-mah}
From G4137; repletion or completion, that is, (subjectively) what fills (as contents, supplement, copiousness, multitude), or (objectively) what is filled (as container, performance, period).
of God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 3:19

_ _ passeth — surpasseth, exceeds. The paradox “to know ... which passeth knowledge,” implies that when he says “know,” he does not mean that we can adequately know; all we know is, that His love exceeds far our knowledge of it, and with even our fresh accessions of knowledge hereafter, will still exceed them. Even as God’s power exceeds our thoughts (Ephesians 3:20).

_ _ filled with — rather, as Greek, “filled even unto all the fullness of God” (this is the grand goal), that is, filled, each according to your capacity, with the divine wisdom, knowledge, and love; “even as God is full,” and as Christ who dwells in your hearts, hath “all the fullness of the Godhead dwelling in Him bodily” (Colossians 2:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 3:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 3:19

And to know — But the apostle corrects himself, and immediately observes, it cannot be fully known. This only we know, that the love of Christ surpasses all knowledge. That ye may be filled — Which is the sum of all. With all the fulness of God — With all his light, love, wisdom, holiness, power, and glory. A perfection far beyond a bare freedom from sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 3:19

And to know the (k) love of Christ, which (l) passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the (m) fulness of God.

(k) Which God has shown us in Christ.

(l) Which surpasses all the capacity of man's intellect, to comprehend it fully in his mind: for otherwise whoever has the Spirit of God perceives as much (according to the measure that God has given him) as is necessary for salvation.

(m) So that we have abundantly in us whatever things are required to make us perfect with God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to know:

Ephesians 3:18 May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height;
Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
Ephesians 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Philippians 2:5-12 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: ... Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
Colossians 1:10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
1 John 4:9-14 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son [to be] the Saviour of the world.

passeth:

Philippians 1:7 Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.

that ye:

Ephesians 1:23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
Psalms 17:15 As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
Psalms 43:4 Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God my exceeding joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my God.
Matthew 5:6 Blessed [are] they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
Colossians 2:9-10 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. ... And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:
Revelation 7:15-17 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
Revelation 21:22-24 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. ... And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.
Revelation 22:3-5 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: ... And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 17:15; 43:4. Mt 5:6. Jn 1:16; 17:3. 2Co 5:14. Ga 2:20. Ep 1:23; 3:18; 5:2, 25. Php 1:7; 2:5. Col 1:10; 2:9. 2P 3:18. 1Jn 4:9. Rv 7:15; 21:22; 22:3.

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