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Ephesians 3:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— may be strong to apprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and highth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in order that ye may be fully able to apprehend with all the saints what [is] the breadth and length and depth and height;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In order that ye may be mighty enough to grasp firmly, with all the saints,—what is the breadth and length and depth and height,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that ye may be in strength to comprehend, with all the saints, what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You may be able to comprehend, with all the saints, what is the breadth and length and height and depth,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— May be able to comprehend with all Saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that you may be able to follow out with all the saints, what the height, and depth, and the length, and breadth;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that ye may be able to explore, with all the saints, what is the height and depth, and length and breadth,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
May be able 1840
{1840} Prime
ἐξισχύω
exischuo
{ex-is-khoo'-o}
From G1537 and G2480; to have full strength, that is, be entirely competent.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
to comprehend 2638
{2638} Prime
καταλαμβάνω
katalambano
{kat-al-am-ban'-o}
From G2596 and G1983; to take eagerly, that is, seize, possess, etc. (literally or figuratively).
z5641
<5641> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 9
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
saints 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
[is] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
breadth, 4114
{4114} Prime
πλάτος
platos
{plat'-os}
From G4116; width.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
length, 3372
{3372} Prime
μῆκος
mekos
{may'-kos}
Probably akin to G3173; length (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
depth, 899
{0899} Prime
βάθος
bathos
{bath'-os}
From the same as G0901; profundity, that is, (by implication) extent; (figuratively) mystery.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
height; 5311
{5311} Prime
ὕψος
hupsos
{hoop'-sos}
From a derivative of G5228; elevation, that is, (abstractly) altitude, (specifically) the sky, or (figuratively) dignity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 3:18

_ _ May be able — even still further. Greek, “May be fully able.”

_ _ breadth ... length ... depth ... height — namely, the full dimensions of the spiritual temple, answering to “the fullness of God” (Ephesians 3:19), to which the Church, according to its capacity, ought to correspond (compare Ephesians 4:10, Ephesians 4:13) as to “the fullness of Christ.” The “breadth” implies Christ’s world-wide love, embracing all men: the “length,” its being extended through all ages (Ephesians 3:21); the “depth,” its profound wisdom which no creature can fathom (Romans 11:33); the “height,” its being beyond the reach of any foe to deprive us of (Ephesians 4:8) [Bengel]. I prefer to understand “the breadth,” etc., to refer to the whole of the vast mystery of free salvation in Christ for all, Gentile and Jew alike, of which Paul had been speaking (Ephesians 3:3-9), and of which he now prays they may have a fuller comprehension. As subsidiary to this, and the most essential part of it, he adds, “and to know the love of Christ” (Ephesians 3:19). Grotius understands depth and height of God’s goodness raising us from the lowest depression to the greatest height.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 3:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 3:18

That being rooted and grounded — That is, deeply fixed and firmly established, in love. Ye may comprehend — So far as an human mind is capable. What is the breadth of the love of Christ — Embracing all mankind. And length — From everlasting to everlasting. And depth — Not to be fathomed by any creature. And height — Not to be reached by any enemy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 3:18

May be able to comprehend with all saints (i) what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height;

(i) How perfect that work of Christ is in every part.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
able:

Ephesians 3:19 And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
Ephesians 1:18-23 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, ... Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
Job 11:7-9 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? ... The measure thereof [is] longer than the earth, and broader than the sea.
Psalms 103:11-12 For as the heaven is high above the earth, [so] great is his mercy toward them that fear him. ... As far as the east is from the west, [so] far hath he removed our transgressions from us.
Psalms 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD [is] from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;
Psalms 139:6 [Such] knowledge [is] too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot [attain] unto it.
Isaiah 55:9 For [as] the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:
Philippians 2:5-8 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: ... And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Philippians 3:8-10 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ, ... That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
1 Timothy 1:14-16 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. ... Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Titus 2:13-14 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; ... Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Revelation 3:21 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

with:

Ephesians 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in him:
Ephesians 1:15 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,
Deuteronomy 33:2-3 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them. ... Yea, he loved the people; all his saints [are] in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; [every one] shall receive of thy words.
2 Chronicles 6:41 Now therefore arise, O LORD God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: let thy priests, O LORD God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness.
Psalms 116:15 Precious in the sight of the LORD [is] the death of his saints.
Psalms 132:9 Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy saints shout for joy.
Psalms 145:10 All thy works shall praise thee, O LORD; and thy saints shall bless thee.
Zechariah 14:5 And ye shall flee [to] the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, [and] all the saints with thee.
2 Corinthians 13:13 All the saints salute you.
Colossians 1:4 Since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus, and of the love [which ye have] to all the saints,

what:

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Romans 10:11-12 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. ... For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 33:2. 2Ch 6:41. Jb 11:7. Ps 103:11, 17; 116:15; 132:9; 139:6; 145:10. Is 55:9. Zc 14:5. Jn 15:13. Ro 10:3, 11. 2Co 13:13. Ga 2:20; 3:13. Ep 1:10, 15, 18; 3:19. Php 2:5; 3:8. Col 1:4. 1Ti 1:14; 3:16. Tit 2:13. Rv 3:21.

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