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Ephesians 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— to the intent that now unto the principalities and the powers in the heavenly [places] might be made known through the church the manifold wisdom of God,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly [places].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in order that now to the principalities and authorities in the heavenlies might be made known through the assembly the all-various wisdom of God,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In order that now, unto the principalities and the authorities in the heavenlies, might be made known, through means of the assembly, the manifold wisdom of God,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that there might be made known now to the principalities and the authorities in the heavenly [places], through the assembly, the manifold wisdom of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That the manifold wisdom of God may be made known to the principalities and powers in heavenly places through the church,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— To the intent that now vnto the principalities and powers in heauenly places, might be knowen by the church, the manifold wisedome of God,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that through the church might be made known the wisdom of Aloha, which is full of diversities, to the principalities and powers who are in heaven,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— so that, by means of the church, the manifold wisdom of God might become known to the principalities and powers that are in heaven:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
To the intent that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
principalities 746
{0746} Prime
ἀρχή
arche
{ar-khay'}
From G0756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concrete) chief (in various applications of order, time, place or rank).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
powers 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heavenly 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
[places] might be known 1107
{1107} Prime
γνωρίζω
gnorizo
{gno-rid'-zo}
From a derivative of G1097; to make known; subjectively to know.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
church 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
manifold 4182
{4182} Prime
πολυποίκιλος
polupoikilos
{pol-oo-poy'-kil-os}
From G4183 and G4164; much variegated, that is, multifarious.
wisdom 4678
{4678} Prime
σοφία
sophia
{sof-ee'-ah}
From G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual).
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 3:10

_ _ The design of God in giving Paul grace to proclaim to the Gentiles the mystery of salvation heretofore hidden.

_ _ now — first: opposed to “hidden from the beginning of the world” (Ephesians 3:5).

_ _ unto the principalities andGreek adds “the”

_ _ powers — unto the various orders of good angels primarily, as these dwell “in the heavenly places” in the highest sense; “known” to their adoring joy (1 Timothy 3:16; 1 Peter 1:12). Secondarily, God’s wisdom in redemption is made known to evil angels, who dwell “in heavenly places” in a lower sense, namely, the air (compare Ephesians 2:2 with Ephesians 6:12); “known” to their dismay (1 Corinthians 15:24; Colossians 2:15).

_ _ might be known — Translate, “may be known.”

_ _ by the church — “by means of,” or “through the Church,” which is the “theater” for the display of God’s manifold wisdom (Luke 15:10; 1 Corinthians 4:9): “a spectacle (Greek, ‘theater’) to angels.” Hence, angels are but our “fellow servants” (Revelation 19:10).

_ _ manifold wisdom — though essentially one, as Christ is one, yet varying the economy in respect to places, times, and persons (Isaiah 55:8, Isaiah 55:9; Hebrews 1:1). Compare 1 Peter 4:10, “stewards of the manifold grace of God.” Man cannot understand aright its single acts till he can survey them as a connected whole (1 Corinthians 13:12). The call of the Church is no haphazard remedy, or afterthought, but part of the eternal scheme, which, amidst manifold varieties of dispensation, is one in its end.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 3:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 3:10

That the manifold wisdom of God might be made known by the church — By what is done in the church, which is the theatre of the divine wisdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 3:10

(2) To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the (c) manifold wisdom of God,

(2) The unsuspected calling of the Gentiles was as it were a mirror to the heavenly angels, in which they might behold the marvellous wisdom of God.

(c) God always had only one way to save men by: but it had various shapes and forms.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
intent:

Exodus 25:17-22 And thou shalt make a mercy seat [of] pure gold: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Psalms 103:20 Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.
Psalms 148:1-2 Praise ye the LORD. Praise ye the LORD from the heavens: praise him in the heights. ... Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts.
Isaiah 6:2-4 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. ... And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
Ezekiel 3:12 Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, [saying], Blessed [be] the glory of the LORD from his place.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Revelation 5:9-14 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

principalities:

Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Romans 8:38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

in:

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:

manifold:

Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
Psalms 104:24 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
Matthew 11:25-27 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. ... All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will reveal [him].
Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
1 Corinthians 1:24 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
1 Corinthians 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom], which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:17. Ps 103:20; 104:24; 148:1. Is 6:2. Ezk 3:12. Mt 11:25. Ro 8:38; 11:33. 1Co 1:24; 2:7. Ep 1:3, 8, 21. Col 1:16. 1Ti 3:16. 1P 1:12; 3:22. Rv 5:9, 12.

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