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Ephesians 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for by grace have ye been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, [it is] the gift of God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, [it is] the gift of God;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For by grace are ye saved, through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For ye are saved by grace, through faith; and this not of yourselves; it is God's gift:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, by his favour, have ye been saved, through means of faith, and this [hath come to pass]—not from you, of God, the free-gift!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for by grace ye are having been saved, through faith, and this not of you—of God the gift,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For by grace you are saved through faith: and that not of yourselves, for it is the gift of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For by grace are ye saued, through faith, and that not of your selues: it is the gift of God:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For by his grace are we saved through faith, and this was not of you, but is the gift of Aloha,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For it is by his grace we are rescued, through faith; and this is not of yourselves, but it is the gift of God:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
by grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
are x2075
(2075) Complement
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
ye y2075
[2075] Standard
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
saved 4982
{4982} Prime
σῴζω
sozo
{sode'-zo}
From a primary word σῶς [[sos]] (contraction for the obsolete σάος [[saos]], 'safe'); to save, that is, deliver or protect (literally or figuratively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
faith; 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
yourselves: 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
[it is] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gift 1435
{1435} Prime
δῶρον
doron
{do'-ron}
A present; specifically a sacrifice.
of God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:8

_ _ For — illustrating “the exceeding riches of His grace in kindness.” Translate as in Ephesians 2:5, “Ye are in a saved state.”

_ _ through faith — the effect of the power of Christ’s resurrection (Ephesians 1:19, Ephesians 1:20; Philippians 3:10) whereby we are “raised together” with Him (Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12). Some of the oldest manuscripts read, “through your (literally, ‘the’) faith.” The instrument or mean of salvation on the part of the person saved; Christ alone is the meritorious agent.

_ _ and that — namely, the act of believing, or “faith.” “Of yourselves” stands in opposition to, “it is the gift of God” (Philippians 1:29). “That which I have said, ‘through faith,’ I do not wish to be understood so as if I excepted faith itself from grace” [Estius]. “God justifies the believing man, not for the worthiness of his belief, but for the worthiness of Him in whom he believes” [Hooker]. The initiation, as well as the increase, of faith, is from the Spirit of God, not only by an external proposal of the word, but by internal illumination in the soul [Pearson]. Yet “faith” cometh by the means which man must avail himself of, namely, “hearing the word of God” (Romans 10:17), and prayer (Luke 11:13), though the blessing is wholly of God (1 Corinthians 3:6, 1 Corinthians 3:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:8

By grace ye are saved through faith — Grace, without any respect to human worthiness, confers the glorious gift. Faith, with an empty hand, and without any pretence to personal desert, receives the heavenly blessing. And this is not of yourselves — This refers to the whole preceding clause, That ye are saved through faith, is the gift of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:8

For by (h) grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:

(h) So then, grace, that is to say, the gift of God, and faith, stand with one another, to which two it is contrary to be saved by ourselves, or by our works. Therefore, what do those mean who would join together things of such contrary natures?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by:

Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Romans 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

through:

Mark 16:16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
Luke 7:50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
John 3:14-18 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: ... He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
John 3:36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 6:27-29 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. ... Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.
John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.
John 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
Acts 13:39 And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Acts 15:7-9 And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men [and] brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. ... And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.
Romans 3:22-26 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: ... To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Romans 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Romans 4:16 Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
Romans 10:9-10 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. ... For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
Galatians 3:14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Galatians 3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
1 John 5:10-12 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. ... He that hath the Son hath life; [and] he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.

that:

Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
Ephesians 1:19 And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
John 1:12-13 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name: ... Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.
Acts 14:27 And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.
Acts 16:14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard [us]: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.
Romans 10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
Romans 10:17 So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
Philippians 1:29 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;
Colossians 2:12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with [him] through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
James 1:16-18 Do not err, my beloved brethren. ... Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
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Mt 16:17. Mk 16:16. Lk 7:50. Jn 1:12; 3:14, 36; 5:24; 6:27, 35, 37, 40, 44, 65. Ac 13:39; 14:27; 15:7; 16:14, 31. Ro 3:22, 24; 4:5, 16; 10:9, 14, 17. Ga 3:14, 22. Ep 1:19; 2:5, 10. Php 1:29. Col 2:12. 2Th 1:9. Jm 1:16. 1Jn 5:10.

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