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Ephesians 2:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— being built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief corner stone;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone];
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner [stone],
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-[stone];
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— being built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the corner-stone,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Having been built up on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, there being, for chief corner stone, Jesus Christ himself,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— being built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being chief corner-[stone],
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And are built vpon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Iesus Christ himselfe being the chiefe corner stone,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and you are builded upon the foundation of the apostles and of the prophets, and Jeshu the Meshiha himself is the chief corner of the building;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And ye are built upon the foundations of the legates and the prophets; and Jesus the Messiah hath become the head of the corner in the edifice.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And are built 2026
{2026} Prime
ἐποικοδομέω
epoikodomeo
{ep-oy-kod-om-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G3618; to build upon, that is, (figuratively) to rear up.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
foundation 2310
{2310} Prime
θεμέλιος
themelios
{them-el'-ee-os}
From a derivative of G5087; something put down, that is, a substruction (of a building, etc.), (literally or figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
apostles 652
{0652} Prime
ἀπόστολος
apostolos
{ap-os'-tol-os}
From G0649; a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ ('apostle'), (with miraculous powers).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prophets, 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
himself 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
the chief corner 204
{0204} Prime
ἀκρογωνιαῖος
akrogoniaios
{ak-rog-o-nee-ah'-yos}
From G0206 and G1137; belonging to the extreme corner.
[stone];
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:20

_ _ Translate as Greek, “Built up upon,” etc. (participle; having been built up upon; omit, therefore, “and are”). Compare 1 Corinthians 3:11, 1 Corinthians 3:12. The same image in Ephesians 3:18, recurs in his address to the Ephesian elders (Acts 20:32), and in his Epistle to Timothy at Ephesus (1 Timothy 3:15; 2 Timothy 2:19), naturally suggested by the splendid architecture of Diana’s temple; the glory of the Christian temple is eternal and real, not mere idolatrous gaud. The image of a building is appropriate also to the Jew-Christians; as the temple at Jerusalem was the stronghold of Judaism; as Diana’s temple, of paganism.

_ _ foundation of the apostles, etc. — that is, upon their ministry and living example (compare Matthew 16:18). Christ Himself, the only true Foundation, was the grand subject of their ministry, and spring of their life. As one with Him and His fellow workers, they, too, in a secondary sense, are called “foundations” (Revelation 21:14). The “prophets” are joined with them closely; for the expression is here not “foundations of the apostles and the prophets,” but “foundations of the apostles and prophets.” For the doctrine of both was essentially one (1 Peter 1:10, 1 Peter 1:11; Revelation 19:10). The apostles take the precedency (Luke 10:24). Thus he appropriately shows regard to the claims of the Jews and Gentiles: “the prophets” representing the old Jewish dispensation, “the apostles” the new. The “prophets” of the new also are included. Bengel and Alford refer the meaning solely to these (Ephesians 3:5; Ephesians 4:11). These passages imply, I think, that the New Testament prophets are not excluded; but the apostle’s plain reference to Psalms 118:22, “the head stone of the corner,” proves that the Old Testament prophets are a prominent thought. David is called a “prophet” in Acts 2:30. Compare also Isaiah 28:16; another prophet present to the mind of Paul, which prophecy leans on the earlier one of Jacob (Genesis 49:24). The sense of the context, too, suits this: Ye were once aliens from the commonwealth of Israel (in the time of her Old Testament prophets), but now ye are members of the true Israel, built upon the foundation of her New Testament apostles and Old Testament prophets. Paul continually identifies his teaching with that of Israel’s old prophets (Acts 26:22; Acts 28:23). The costly foundation-stones of the temple (1 Kings 5:17) typified the same truth (compare Jeremiah 51:26). The same stone is at once the corner-stone and the foundation-stone on which the whole building rests. Paul supposes a stone or rock so large and so fashioned as to be both at once; supporting the whole as the foundation, and in part rising up at the extremities, so as to admit of the side walls meeting in it, and being united in it as the corner-stone [Zanchius]. As the corner-stone, it is conspicuous, as was Christ (1 Peter 2:6), and coming in men’s way may be stumbled over, as the Jews did at Christ (Matthew 21:42; 1 Peter 2:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:20

And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets — As the foundation sustains the building, so the word of God, declared by the apostles and prophets, sustains the faith of all believers. God laid the foundation by them; but Christ himself is the chief corner — stone of the foundation. Elsewhere he is termed the foundation itself, 1 Corinthians 3:11.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:20

(15) And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the (r) chief corner [stone];

(15) The Lord committed the doctrine of salvation, first to the prophets, and then to the apostles, the end of which, and matter as it were and substance, is Christ. Therefore that is indeed the true and universal Church which is built upon Christ by the prophets and apostles, as a spiritual temple consecrated to God.

(r) That is the corner stone of the building, for the foundations are as it were corner stone of the building.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
built:

Ephesians 4:12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
1 Peter 2:4-5 To whom coming, [as unto] a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, [and] precious, ... Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

the foundation:

Ephesians 4:11-13 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; ... Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
1 Corinthians 3:9-11 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building. ... For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
1 Corinthians 12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Revelation 21:14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

Jesus:

Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Mark 12:10-11 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: ... This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Luke 20:17-18 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? ... Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Acts 4:11-12 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. ... Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
1 Peter 2:7-8 Unto you therefore which believe [he is] precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, ... And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 118:22. Is 28:16. Mt 16:18; 21:42. Mk 12:10. Lk 20:17. Ac 4:11. 1Co 3:9; 12:28. Ga 2:9. Ep 4:11, 12. 1P 2:4, 7. Rv 21:14.

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