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Ephesians 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for through him we both have our access in one Spirit unto the Father.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For through him we both have an access by one Spirit to the Father.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For through him we have both access by one Spirit to the Father.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because, through him, we have our introduction—we both—in one Spirit, unto the Father.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because through him we have the access—we both—in one Spirit unto the Father.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For by him we have access both in one Spirit to the Father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For through him wee both haue an accesse by one Spirit vnto the Father.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— therefore, through Him there hath been made for us both an access by one Spirit unto the Father.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— because, by him there is access for us both, by one Spirit, unto the Father.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
we y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
both 297
{0297} Prime
ἀμφότερος
amphoteros
{am-fot'-er-os}
Comparative of ἀμφί [[amphi]] (around); (in plural) both.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
access 4318
{4318} Prime
προσαγωγή
prosagoge
{pros-ag-ogue-ay'}
From G4317 (compare G0072); admission.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
Spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Father. 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:18

_ _ Translate, “For it is through Him (John 14:6; Hebrews 10:19) that we have our access (Ephesians 3:12; Romans 5:2), both of us, in (that is, united in, that is, “by,” 1 Corinthians 12:13, Greek) one Spirit to the Father,” namely, as our common Father, reconciled to both alike; whence flows the removal of all separation between Jew and Gentile. The oneness of “the Spirit,” through which we both have our access, is necessarily followed by oneness of the body, the Church (Ephesians 2:16). The distinctness of persons in the Divine Trinity appears in this verse. It is also fatal to the theory of sacerdotal priests in the Gospel through whom alone the people can approach God. All alike, people and ministers, can draw nigh to God through Christ, their ever living Priest.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:18

For through him, we both — Jews and gentiles. Have access — Liberty of approaching, by the guidance and aid of one Spirit to God as our Father. Christ, the Spirit, and the Father, the three — one God, stand frequently in the same order.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:18

For (q) through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

(q) Christ is the gate as it were, by whom we come to the Father, and the Holy Spirit is as it were, our guiding man who leads us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
through:

Ephesians 3:12 In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him.
John 10:7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Hebrews 4:15-16 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin. ... Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope [did]; by the which we draw nigh unto God.
Hebrews 10:19-20 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, ... By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
1 John 2:1-2 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: ... And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.

by:

Ephesians 4:4 [There is] one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
Romans 8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
Romans 8:26-27 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. ... And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what [is] the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the will of] God.
1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether [we be] Jews or Gentiles, whether [we be] bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
Jude 1:20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,

the:

Ephesians 3:14 For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
John 4:21-23 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. ... But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
Galatians 4:6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
James 3:9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.
1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Zc 12:10. Mt 28:19. Jn 4:21; 10:7, 9; 14:6. Ro 5:2; 8:15, 26. 1Co 8:6; 12:13. Ga 4:6. Ep 3:12, 14; 4:4; 6:18. He 4:15; 7:19; 10:19. Jm 3:9. 1P 1:17, 21; 3:18. 1Jn 2:1. Jde 1:20.

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