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Ephesians 2:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he came and preached peace to you that were far off, and peace to them that were nigh:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And came and preached peace to you who were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and, coming, he has preached the glad tidings of peace to you who [were] afar off, and [the glad tidings of] peace to those [who were] nigh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, coming, he announced the glad-message—of peace, unto you, the far off, and peace, unto them that were nigh;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having come, he did proclaim good news—peace to you—the far-off and the nigh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And coming, he preached peace to you that were afar off: and peace to them that were nigh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And came, and preached peace to you, [which were] afarre off, and to them that were nigh.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And coming, he preached peace to you, to the far off, and to the nigh;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he came, and proclaimed peace to you afar off, and to those near:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
came 2064
{2064} Prime
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
and preached 2097
{2097} Prime
From G2095 and G0032; to announce good news ('evangelize') especially the gospel.
<5668> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 88
peace 1515
{1515} Prime
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
to you 5213
{5213} Prime
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
were afar off, 3112
{3112} Prime
Feminine accusative singular of G3117 (G3598 being implied); at a distance (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to them that were nigh. 1451
{1451} Prime
From a primary verb ἄγχω [[agcho]] (to squeeze or throttle; akin to the base of G0043); near (literally or figuratively, of place or time).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:17

_ _ Translate, “He came and announced glad tidings of peace.” “He came” of His own free love, and “announced peace” with His own mouth to the apostles (Luke 24:36; John 20:19, John 20:21, John 20:26); and by them to others, through His Spirit present in His Church (John 14:18). Acts 26:23 is strictly parallel; after His resurrection “He showed light to the people (‘them that were nigh’) and to the Gentiles (‘you that were afar off’),” by His Spirit in His ministers (compare 1 Peter 3:19).

_ _ and to them — The oldest manuscripts insert “peace” again: “And peace to them.” The repetition implies the joy with which both alike would dwell again and again upon the welcome word “peace.” So Isaiah 57:19.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:17

And he came — After his resurrection. And preached peace — By his ministers and his Spirit. To you — Gentiles. That were afar off — At the utmost distance from God. And to them that were nigh — To the Jews, who were comparatively nigh, being his visible church.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:17

(13) And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.

(13) The preaching of the Gospel is an effectual instrument of this grace, common to the Jews as well as to the Gentiles.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and preached:

Psalms 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed [each other].
Isaiah 27:5 Or let him take hold of my strength, [that] he may make peace with me; [and] he shall make peace with me.
Isaiah 52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
Isaiah 57:19-21 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him. ... [There is] no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.
Zechariah 9:10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.
Matthew 10:13 And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.
Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
Luke 15:5-6 And when he hath found [it], he layeth [it] on his shoulders, rejoicing. ... And when he cometh home, he calleth together [his] friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.
Acts 2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, [even] as many as the Lord our God shall call.
Acts 10:36 The word which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)
Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.


Ephesians 2:13-14 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. ... For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us];
Deuteronomy 4:7 For what nation [is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]?
Psalms 75:1 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, A Psalm [or] Song of Asaph.]] Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, [unto thee] do we give thanks: for [that] thy name is near thy wondrous works declare.
Psalms 76:1-2 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song of Asaph.]] In Judah [is] God known: his name [is] great in Israel. ... In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
Psalms 147:19-20 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. ... He hath not dealt so with any nation: and [as for his] judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.
Psalms 148:14 He also exalteth the horn of his people, the praise of all his saints; [even] of the children of Israel, a people near unto him. Praise ye the LORD.
Luke 10:9-11 And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you. ... Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:7. Ps 75:1; 76:1; 85:10; 147:19; 148:14. Is 27:5; 52:7; 57:19. Zc 9:10. Mt 10:13. Lk 2:14; 10:9; 15:5. Ac 2:39; 10:36. Ro 5:1. 2Co 5:20. Ep 2:13.

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