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Ephesians 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and might reconcile them both in one body unto God through the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And that he might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, having by it slain the enmity:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and might reconcile both in one body to God by the cross, having by it slain the enmity;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And might fully reconcile them both, in one body, through means of the cross,—slaying the enmity thereby;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and might reconcile both in one body to God through the cross, having slain the enmity in it,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, killing the enmities in himself.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And that he might reconcile both vnto God in one body by the crosse, hauing slaine the enmitie thereby,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and hath reconciled the two in one body with Aloha, and by his cross hath slain the enmity.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and hath reconciled both with God, in one body, and hath slain the enmity by his cross.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that he might reconcile 604
{0604} Prime
ἀποκαταλλάσσω
apokatallasso
{ap-ok-at-al-las'-so}
From G0575 and G2644; to reconcile fully.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
both 297
{0297} Prime
ἀμφότερος
amphoteros
{am-fot'-er-os}
Comparative of ἀμφί [[amphi]] (around); (in plural) both.
unto God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cross, 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
having slain 615
{0615} Prime
ἀποκτείνω
apokteino
{ap-ok-ti'-no}
From G0575 and κτείνω [[kteino]] (to slay); to kill outright; figuratively to destroy.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
enmity 2189
{2189} Prime
ἔχθρα
echthra
{ekh'-thrah}
Feminine of G2190; hostility; by implication a reason for opposition.
thereby: 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:16

_ _ Translate, “might altogether reconcile them both in one body (the Church, Colossians 3:15) unto God through His cross.” The Greek for “reconcile” (apocatalaxe), found only here and in Colossians 1:20, expresses not only a return to favor with one (catallage), but so to lay aside enmity that complete amity follows; to pass from enmity to complete reconciliation [Tittmann].

_ _ slain the enmity — namely, that had been between man and God; and so that between Jew and Gentile which had resulted from it. By His being slain, He slew it (compare Hebrews 2:14).

_ _ therebyGreek, “therein”; “in” or “by the cross,” that is, His crucifixion (Colossians 2:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:16

In one body — One church. Having slain — By his own death on the cross. The enmity — Which had been between sinners and God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:16

And that he might reconcile both unto God in (o) one body by the cross, having (p) slain the enmity thereby:

(o) He alludes to the sacrifices of the Law, which represented that true and only sacrifice.

(p) For he destroyed death by death, and fastened it as it were to the cross.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
reconcile:

Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things [are] of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; ... For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Colossians 1:21-22 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled ... In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:

having:

Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace;
Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with [him], that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
1 Peter 4:1-2 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

thereby:
or, in himself
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ro 5:10; 6:6; 8:3, 7. 2Co 5:18. Ga 2:20. Ep 2:15. Col 1:21; 2:14. 1P 4:1.

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