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Ephesians 2:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God afore prepared that we should walk in them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we are his workmanship, having been created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God has before prepared that we should walk in them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His, in fact we are—his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus upon a footing of good works, which God prepared beforehand, that, therein, we might walk.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for of Him we are workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, which God did before prepare, that in them we may walk.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus in good works, which God hath prepared that we should walk in them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For wee are his workemanship, created in Christ Iesus vnto good workes, which God hath before ordeined, that we should walke in them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For we are his creation, who are created in Jeshu Meshiha unto good works, which Aloha hath prepared before, that in them we should walk.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For we are his creation; who are created in Jesus the Messiah, for good works, which God hath before prepared for us to walk in.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
we are 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
workmanship, 4161
{4161} Prime
ποίημα
poiema
{poy'-ay-mah}
From G4160; a product, that is, fabric (literally or figuratively).
created 2936
{2936} Prime
κτίζω
ktizo
{ktid'-zo}
Probably akin to G2932 (through the idea of the proprietorship of the manufacturer); to fabricate, that is, found (form originally).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
unto 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
works, 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath before ordained 4282
{4282} Prime
προετοιμάζω
proetoimazo
{pro-et-oy-mad'-zo}
From G4253 and G2090; to fit up in advance (literally or figuratively).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
we should walk 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 2:10

_ _ workmanship — literally, “a thing of His making”; “handiwork.” Here the spiritual creation, not the physical, is referred to (Ephesians 2:8, Ephesians 2:9).

_ _ created — having been created (Ephesians 4:24; Psalms 102:18; Isaiah 43:21; 2 Corinthians 5:5, 2 Corinthians 5:17).

_ _ unto good works — “for good works.” “Good works” cannot be performed until we are new “created unto” them. Paul never calls the works of the law “good works.” We are not saved by, but created unto, good works.

_ _ before ordainedGreek, “before made ready” (compare John 5:36). God marks out for each in His purposes beforehand, the particular good works, and the time and way which tie sees best. God both makes ready by His providence the opportunities for the works, and makes us ready for their performance (John 15:16; 2 Timothy 2:21).

_ _ that we should walk in them — not “be saved” by them. Works do not justify, but the justified man works (Galatians 5:22-25).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 2:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 2:10

For we are his workmanship — Which proves both that salvation is by faith, and that faith is the gift of God. Created unto good works — That afterwards we might give ourselves to them. Which God had before preprepared — The occasions of them: so we must still ascribe the whole to God. That we might walk in them — Though not be justified by them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 2:10

For we are (i) his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

(i) He speaks here of grace, and not of nature: therefore if the works are ever so good, see what they are, and know that they are that way because of grace.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we are:

Deuteronomy 32:6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? [is] not he thy father [that] hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee?
Psalms 100:3 Know ye that the LORD he [is] God: [it is] he [that] hath made us, and not we ourselves; [we are] his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Psalms 138:8 The LORD will perfect [that which] concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, [endureth] for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.
Isaiah 19:25 Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed [be] Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.
Isaiah 29:23 But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.
Isaiah 43:21 This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise.
Isaiah 44:21 Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou [art] my servant: I have formed thee; thou [art] my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also [shall be] all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Jeremiah 31:33 But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Jeremiah 32:39-40 And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them: ... And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
John 3:3-6 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. ... That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
John 3:21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing [is] God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform [it] until the day of Jesus Christ:
Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.
Hebrews 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.

created:

Ephesians 4:24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Psalms 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

good:

Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
2 Corinthians 9:8 And God [is] able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all [things], may abound to every good work:
Colossians 1:10 That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;
2 Thessalonians 2:17 Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
1 Timothy 2:10 But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.
1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
1 Timothy 5:25 Likewise also the good works [of some] are manifest beforehand; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.
1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
2 Timothy 2:21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, [and] prepared unto every good work.
2 Timothy 3:17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,
Titus 3:8 [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
Titus 3:14 And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:
Hebrews 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

which:

Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

ordained:
or, prepared

walk:

Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:
Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
Deuteronomy 5:33 Ye shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God hath commanded you, that ye may live, and [that it may be] well with you, and [that] ye may prolong [your] days in the land which ye shall possess.
Psalms 81:13 Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, [and] Israel had walked in my ways!
Psalms 119:3 They also do no iniquity: they walk in his ways.
Isaiah 2:3-5 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. ... O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.
Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
Romans 8:1 [There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
1 John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
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Dt 5:33; 32:6. Ps 51:10; 81:13; 100:3; 119:3; 138:8. Is 2:3; 19:25; 29:23; 43:21; 44:21; 60:21; 61:3. Jr 31:33; 32:39. Mt 5:16. Jn 3:3, 21. Ac 9:31, 36. Ro 8:1, 29. 1Co 3:9. 2Co 5:5, 17; 9:8. Ga 6:15. Ep 1:4; 2:2; 4:1, 24. Php 1:6; 2:13. Col 1:10; 3:10. 2Th 2:17. 1Ti 2:10; 5:10, 25; 6:18. 2Ti 2:21; 3:17. Tit 2:7, 14; 3:1, 8, 14. He 10:24; 13:21. 1P 2:12. 1Jn 1:7; 2:6.

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