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Ephesians 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— having foreordained us unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Having predestinated us to the adoption of children to himself by Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— having marked us out beforehand for adoption through Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— marking us out beforehand unto sonship, through Jesus Christ, for himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having foreordained us to the adoption of sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children through Jesus Christ unto himself: according to the purpose of his will:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hauing predestinated vs vnto the adoption of children by Iesus Christ to himselfe, according to the good pleasure of his will:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and constituted us children in Jeshu Meshiha, according to the pleasure of his will;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and adopted us for sons, in Jesus the Messiah, as was agreeable to his pleasure:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Having predestinated 4309
{4309} Prime
προορίζω
proorizo
{pro-or-id'-zo}
From G4253 and G3724; to limit in advance, that is, (figuratively) predetermine.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the adoption of children 5206
{5206} Prime
υἱοθεσία
huiothesia
{hwee-oth-es-ee'-ah}
From a presumed compound of G5207 and a derivative of G5087; the placing as a son, that is, adoption (figuratively Christian sonship in respect to God).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
himself, y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
according 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
good pleasure 2107
{2107} Prime
εὐδοκία
eudokia
{yoo-dok-ee'-ah}
From a presumed compound of G2095 and the base of G1380; satisfaction, that is, (subjectively) delight, or (objectively) kindness, wish, purpose.
of his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
will, 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:5

_ _ predestinated — more special in respect to the end and precise means, than “chosen” or elected. We are “chosen” out of the rest of the world; “predestinated” to all things that secure the inheritance for us (Ephesians 1:11; Romans 8:29). “Foreordained.

_ _ by JesusGreek,through Jesus.”

_ _ to himself — the Father (Colossians 1:20). Alford explains, “adoption ... into Himself,” that is, so that we should be partakers of the divine nature (2 Peter 1:4). Lachmann reads, “unto Him.” The context favors the explanation of Calvin: God has regard to Himself and the glory of His grace (Ephesians 1:6, Ephesians 1:12, Ephesians 1:14) as His ultimate end. He had one only-begotten Son, and He was pleased for His own glory, to choose out of a lost world many to become His adopted sons. Translate, “unto Himself.”

_ _ the good pleasure of his will — So the Greek (Matthew 11:26; Luke 10:21). We cannot go beyond “the good pleasure of His will” in searching into the causes of our salvation, or of any of His works (Ephesians 1:9). (Job 33:13.) Why needest thou philosophize about an imaginary world of optimism? Thy concern is to take heed that thou be not bad. There was nothing in us which deserved His love (Ephesians 1:1, Ephesians 1:9, Ephesians 1:11) [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:5

Having predestinated us to the adoption of sons — Having foreordained that all who afterwards believed should enjoy the dignity of being sons of God, and joint — heirs with Christ. According to the good pleasure of his will — According to his free, fixed, unalterable purpose to confer this blessing on all those who should believe in Christ, and those only.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:5

(8) Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ (h) to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

(8) Another plainer exposition of the efficient cause, and also of eternal election, by which God is said to have chosen us in Christ, that is, because it pleased him to appoint us when we were not yet born, whom he would make to be his children by Jesus Christ. So that there is no reason for our election to be looked for here, except in the free mercy of God. And neither is faith which God foresaw the cause of our predestination, but the effect.

(h) God respects nothing, either anything that is present, or anything that is to come, but himself only.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
predestinated:

Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
Romans 8:29-30 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. ... Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

unto:

Jeremiah 3:4 Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My father, thou [art] the guide of my youth?
Jeremiah 3:19 But I said, How shall I put thee among the children, and give thee a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the hosts of nations? and I said, Thou shalt call me, My father; and shalt not turn away from me.
Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people, [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God.
John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:
John 11:52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.
Romans 8:14-17 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. ... And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
Galatians 4:5-6 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. ... And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
Hebrews 12:5-9 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: ... Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
Revelation 21:7 He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

by:

John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.
Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
Hebrews 2:10-15 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. ... And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

according:

Ephesians 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?
Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
Matthew 11:26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight.
Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.
Luke 11:32 The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here.
Romans 9:11-16 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) ... So then [it is] not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
1 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, called [to be] an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes [our] brother,
1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
Philippians 2:13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.
2 Thessalonians 1:11 Wherefore also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy of [this] calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of [his] goodness, and the work of faith with power:
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Jr 3:4, 19. Dn 4:35. Ho 1:10. Mt 1:25; 11:26. Lk 10:21; 11:32. Jn 1:12; 11:52; 20:17. Ro 8:14, 23, 29; 9:11. 1Co 1:1, 21. 2Co 6:18. Ga 3:26; 4:5. Ep 1:9, 11. Php 2:13. 2Th 1:11. He 2:10; 12:5. 1Jn 3:1. Rv 21:7.

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