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Ephesians 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— which is his body, the fulness of him who fills all in all:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Which, indeed, is his body, the fulness of him who, the all things in all, is for himself filling up.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which is his body, the fulness of Him who is filling the all in all,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which is his body and the fulness of him who is filled all in all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which is his body, the fulnesse of him that filleth all in all.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— which is His body, the completeness of Him who all in all completeth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— which is his body, and the fullness of him who filleth all in all:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which 3748
{3748} Prime
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
his 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
body, 4983
{4983} Prime
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fulness 4138
{4138} Prime
From G4137; repletion or completion, that is, (subjectively) what fills (as contents, supplement, copiousness, multitude), or (objectively) what is filled (as container, performance, period).
of him that filleth 4137
{4137} Prime
From G4134; to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all. 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:23

_ _ his body — His mystical and spiritual, not literal, body. Not, however, merely figurative, or metaphorical. He is really, though spiritually, the Church’s Head. His life is her life. She shares His crucifixion and His consequent glory. He possesses everything, His fellowship with the Father, His fullness of the Spirit, and His glorified manhood, not merely for Himself, but for her, who has a membership of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones (Ephesians 5:30).

_ _ fulness — “the filled-up receptacle” [Eadie]. The Church is dwelt in and filled by Christ. She is the receptacle, not of His inherent, but of His communicated, plenitude of gifts and graces. As His is the “fullness” (John 1:16; Colossians 1:19; Colossians 2:9) inherently, so she is His “fullness” by His impartation of it to her, in virtue of her union to Him (Ephesians 5:18; Colossians 2:10). “The full manifestation of His being, because penetrated by His life” [Conybeare and Howson]. She is the continued revelation of His divine life in human form; the fullest representative of His plenitude. Not the angelic hierarchy, as false teachers taught (Colossians 2:9, Colossians 2:10, Colossians 2:18), but Christ Himself is the “fullness of the Godhead,” and she represents Him. Koppe translates less probably, “the whole universal multitude.”

_ _ filleth all in all — Christ as the Creator, Preserver, and Governor of the world, constituted by God (Colossians 1:16-19), fills all the universe of things with all things. “Fills all creation with whatever it possesses” [Alford]. The Greek is, “filleth for Himself.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:23

The fulness of him that filleth all in all — It is hard to say in what sense this can be spoken of the church; but the sense is easy and natural, if we refer it to Christ, who is the fulness of the Father.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:23

Which is his body, the (c) fulness of him that filleth all in all.

(c) For the love of Christ is so great towards the Church, that even though he fully satisfies all with all things, yet he considers himself but a maimed and unperfect head, unless he has the Church joined to him as his body.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
Ephesians 4:4 [There is] one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
Ephesians 4:12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:
Ephesians 5:23-32 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body. ... This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
Romans 13:5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
1 Corinthians 12:12-27 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also [is] Christ. ... Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
Colossians 3:15 And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful.


Ephesians 3:19 And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
Ephesians 4:10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
1 Corinthians 12:6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.
1 Corinthians 15:28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
Colossians 1:19 For it pleased [the Father] that in him should all fulness dwell;
Colossians 2:9-10 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. ... And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:
Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.
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Jn 1:16. Ro 13:5. 1Co 12:6, 12; 15:28. Ep 2:16; 3:19; 4:4, 10, 12; 5:23. Col 1:18, 19, 24; 2:9; 3:11, 15.

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