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Ephesians 1:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and has put all things under his feet, and gave him [to be] head over all things to the assembly,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And did put, all things, in subjection beneath his feet. And gave him to be head over all things unto the assembly,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and all things He did put under his feet, and did give him—head over all things to the assembly,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he hath subjected all things under his feet and hath made him head over all the church,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hath put all things vnder his feete, and gaue him to be the head ouer all things to the Church,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and subjected every thing beneath his feet: and Him who is over all he hath given to be the head of the church,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and he hath subjected all things under his feet; and hath given him who is high over all, to be the head of the church;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hath put 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[things] under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
feet, 4228
{4228} Prime
πούς
pous
{pooce}
A primary word; a 'foot' (figuratively or literally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
[to be] the head 2776
{2776} Prime
κεφαλή
kephale
{kef-al-ay'}
Probably from the primary word κάπτω [[kapto]] (in the sense of seizing); the head (as the part most readily taken hold of), literally or figuratively.
over 5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[things] to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
church, 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:22

_ _ put ... underGreek, “put in subjection under” (Psalms 8:6; 1 Corinthians 15:27).

_ _ gave ... to the church — for her special advantage. The Greek order is emphatic: “HIM He gave as Head over all things to the Church.” Had it been anyone save HIM, her Head, it would not have been the boon it is to the Church. But as He is Head over all things who is also her Head (and she the body), all things are hers (1 Corinthians 3:21-23). He is OVER (“far above”) all things; in contrast to the words, “TO the Church,” namely, for her advantage. The former are subject; the latter is joined with Him in His dominion over them. “Head” implies not only His dominion, but our union; therefore, while we look upon Him at the right hand of God, we see ourselves in heaven (Revelation 3:21). For the Head and body are not severed by anything intervening, else the body would cease to be the body, and the Head cease to be the Head [Pearson from Chrysostom].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:22

And he hath given him to be head over all things to the church — An head both of guidance and government, and likewise of life and influence, to the whole and every member of it. All these stand in the nearest union with him, and have as continual and effectual a communication of activity, growth, and strength from him, as the natural body from its head.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:22

(21) And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the (b) head over all [things] to the church,

(21) So that we should not think that the excellent glory of Christ is a thing with which we have nothing to do, he witnesses that Christ was appointed by God the Father as head over all the Church, and therefore the body must be joined to this head, which otherwise would be a maimed thing, without the members. However, this is not because of necessity (seeing that it is rather the Church which is made alive and sustained by the holy power of Christ, so it is far from being true that he needs the fulness of it), but because of the infinite goodwill and pleasure of God, who condescends to join us to his Son.

(b) Insomuch that there is nothing that is not subject to him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
put:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Psalms 8:6-8 Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all [things] under his feet: ... The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, [and whatsoever] passeth through the paths of the seas.
Psalms 91:13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
1 Corinthians 15:25-27 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. ... For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under [him, it is] manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.
Hebrews 2:8 Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing [that is] not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

gave:

Ephesians 4:15-16 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ: ... From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.
1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman [is] the man; and the head of Christ [is] God.
Colossians 1:8 Who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit.
Colossians 2:10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:
Colossians 2:19 And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.

to the:

Ephesians 3:21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.
Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
Hebrews 12:22-24 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, ... And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ps 8:6; 91:13. Mt 16:18. Ac 20:28. 1Co 11:3; 15:25. Ep 3:21; 4:15. Col 1:8; 2:10, 19. 1Ti 3:15. He 2:8; 12:22.

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