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Ephesians 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— above every principality, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name named, not only in this age, but also in that to come;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Over-above all principality, authority, and power, and lordship, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the coming one,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— far above all principality, and authority, and might, and lordship, and every name named, not only in this age, but also in the coming one;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Above all principality and power and virtue and dominion and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Farre aboue all principalitie, and power, and might, and dominion, and euery name that is named, not onely in this world, but also in that which is to come:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— above all the principalities, and powers, and mighty ones, and rulers, and above every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in (that) to come;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— high above all principalities, and authorities, and powers, and lordships, and above every name that is named, not only in this world but also in that to come:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Far above 5231
{5231} Prime
ὑπεράνω
huperano
{hoop-er-an'-o}
From G5228 and G0507; above upward, that is, greatly higher (in place or rank).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
principality, 746
{0746} Prime
ἀρχή
arche
{ar-khay'}
From G0756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concrete) chief (in various applications of order, time, place or rank).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
power, 1849
{1849} Prime
ἐξουσία
exousia
{ex-oo-see'-ah}
From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
might, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
dominion, 2963
{2963} Prime
κυριότης
kuriotes
{koo-ree-ot'-ace}
From G2962; mastery, that is, (concretely and collectively) rulers.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
name 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
that is named, 3687
{3687} Prime
ὀνομάζω
onomazo
{on-om-ad'-zo}
From G3686; to name, that is, assign an appellation; by extension to utter, mention, profess.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
only 3440
{3440} Prime
μόνον
monon
{mon'-on}
Neuter of G3441 as adverb; merely.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
this 5129
{5129} Prime
τούτῳ
touto
{too'-to}
Dative singular masculine or neuter of G3778; to (in, with or by) this (person or thing).
world, 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
that which is to come: 3195
{3195} Prime
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:21

_ _ Greek, “Far (or high) above all (Ephesians 4:10) principality (or rule, 1 Corinthians 15:24), and authority, and power (Matthew 28:18), and dominion (or lordship).” Compare Philippians 2:9; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 7:26; 1 Peter 3:22. Evil spirits (who are similarly divided into various ranks, Ephesians 6:12), as well as angels of light, and earthly potentates, are included (compare Romans 8:38). Jesus is “King of kings, and Lord of lords” (Revelation 19:16). The higher is His honor, the greater is that of His people, who are His members joined to Him, the Head. Some philosophizing teachers of the school of Simon Magus, in Western Asia Minor, had, according to Irenaeus and Epiphanius, taught their hearers these names of various ranks of angels. Paul shows that the truest wisdom is to know Christ as reigning above them all.

_ _ every name — every being whatever. “Any other creature” (Romans 8:39).

_ _ in this worldGreek, “age,” that is, the present order of things. “Things present ... things to come” (Romans 8:38).

_ _ that ... to come — “Names which now we know not, but shall know hereafter in heaven. We know that the emperor goes before all, though we cannot enumerate all the satraps and ministers of his court; so we know that Christ is set above all, although we cannot name them all” [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:21

Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion — That is, God hath invested him with uncontrollable authority over all demons in hell, all angels in heaven, and all the princes and potentates on earth. And every name that is named — We know the king is above all, though we cannot name all the officers of his court. So we know that Christ is above all, though we are not able to name all his subjects. Not only in this world, but also in that which is to come — The world to come is so styled, not because it does not yet exist, but because it is not yet visible. Principalities and powers are named now; but those also who are not even named in this world, but shall be revealed in the world to come, are all subject to Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:21

Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every (a) name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

(a) Everything, whatever it may be, or above all things, even if they are of ever so much power or excellency.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
above:

Philippians 2:9-10 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
Colossians 2:10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:
Hebrews 1:4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

principality:

Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places].
Daniel 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
Romans 8:38-39 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, ... Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Colossians 1:15-16 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: ... For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
Colossians 2:15 [And] having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession.
1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

every:

Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Revelation 19:12-13 His eyes [were] as a flame of fire, and on his head [were] many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. ... And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

in that:

Matthew 25:31-36 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: ... Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
John 5:25-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
Hebrews 2:5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.
Revelation 20:10-15 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. ... And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dn 7:27. Mt 25:31; 28:18, 19. Jn 5:25. Ac 4:12. Ro 8:38. Ep 3:10; 6:12. Php 2:9. Col 1:15; 2:10, 15. He 1:4; 2:5; 4:14. 1P 3:22. Rv 19:12; 20:10.

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