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Ephesians 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly [places],
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places],
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly [places],
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places],
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [in] which he wrought in the Christ [in] raising him from among [the] dead, and he set him down at his right hand in the heavenlies,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— which he energised in the Christ, when he raised him from among the dead, and seated him at his right hand in the heavenlies,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— which He wrought in the Christ, having raised him out of the dead, and did set [him] at His right hand in the heavenly [places],
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which he wrought in Christ, raising him up from the dead and setting him on his right hand in the heavenly places.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which he wrought in Christ when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his owne right hand in the heauenly [places],
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— which he wrought in the Meshiha, and raised him from among the dead, and set him at his right hand in heaven,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— which he put forth in the Messiah, and raised him from the dead, and seated him at his right hand in heaven,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
he wrought 1754
{1754} Prime
ἐνεργέω
energeo
{en-erg-eh'-o}
From G1756; to be active, efficient.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
when he raised 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
set 2523
{2523} Prime
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[him] at 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
right hand 1188
{1188} Prime
δεξιός
dexios
{dex-ee-os'}
From G1209; the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heavenly 2032
{2032} Prime
ἐπουράνιος
epouranios
{ep-oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G1909 and G3772; above the sky.
[places],
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:20

_ _ in Christ — as our “first-fruits” of the resurrection, and Head, in virtue of God’s mighty working in whom His power to us-ward is made possible and actual [Alford].

_ _ when he raised him — “in that He raised Him.” The raising of Christ is not only an earnest of our bodies being hereafter raised, but has a spiritual power in it involving (by virtue of our living union with Him, as members with the Head) the resurrection, spiritually of the believer’s soul now, and, consequently, of his body hereafter (Romans 6:8-11; Romans 8:11). The Son, too, as God (though not as man), had a share in raising His own human body (John 2:19; John 10:17, John 10:18). Also the Holy Spirit (Romans 1:4; 1 Peter 3:18).

_ _ set himGreek, “made Him sit.” The glorious spirits stand about the throne of God, but they do not sit at God’s right hand (Hebrews 1:13).

_ _ at his own right hand — (Psalms 110:1). Where He remains till all His enemies have been put under His feet (1 Corinthians 15:24). Being appointed to “rule in the midst of His enemies” during their rebellion (Psalms 110:2), He shall resign His commission after their subjection [Pearson] (Mark 16:19; Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 10:12).

_ _ in the heavenly places — (Ephesians 1:3). As Christ has a literal body, heaven is not merely a state, but a place; and where He is, there His people shall be (John 14:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:20

And he hath seated him at his own right hand — That is, he hath exalted him in his human nature, as a recompence for his sufferings, to a quiet, everlasting possession of all possible blessedness, majesty, and glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:20

(20) Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own (z) right hand in the heavenly [places],

(20) The apostle wishes us to behold in our most glorious Christ (with the eyes of faith) that most excellent power and glory of God, of which all the faithful are partakers, even though it is as yet very dim in us, by reason of the shame of the cross, and the weakness of the flesh.

(z) To be set on God's right hand is to be a partaker of the sovereignty which he has over all creatures.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he wrought:

Ephesians 2:5-6 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) ... And hath raised [us] up together, and made [us] sit together in heavenly [places] in Christ Jesus:
Romans 6:5-11 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also [in the likeness] of [his] resurrection: ... Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Philippians 3:10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

when:

Psalms 16:9-11 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. ... Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.
John 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
John 10:30 I and [my] Father are one.
Acts 2:24-33 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. ... Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 10:40 Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly;
Acts 26:8 Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead?
Romans 1:4 And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:
Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,

and set:

Ephesians 4:8-10 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. ... He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)
Psalms 110:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Matthew 22:43-45 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, ... If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
Matthew 26:64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Mark 14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
Mark 16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
John 17:1-5 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: ... And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
Acts 2:34-36 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, ... Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 7:55-56 But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, ... And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.
Romans 8:34 Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
Revelation 5:11-14 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

heavenly:

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 16:9; 110:1. Mt 22:43; 26:64; 28:18. Mk 14:62; 16:19. Jn 10:18, 30; 17:1. Ac 2:24, 34; 4:10; 5:31; 7:55; 10:40; 26:8. Ro 1:4; 6:5; 8:34. Ep 1:3; 2:5; 4:8. Php 3:10. Col 3:1. He 1:3; 2:9; 10:12; 13:20. 1P 1:3. Rv 1:17; 5:11.

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