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Ephesians 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in whom also we were made a heritage, having been foreordained according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his will;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in whom we have also obtained an inheritance, being marked out beforehand according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his own will,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In whom also we were taken as an inheritance, according to the purpose of him who energiseth all things according to the counsel of his will,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in whom also we did obtain an inheritance, being foreordained according to the purpose of Him who the all things is working according to the counsel of His will,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In whom we also are called by lot, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things according to the counsel of his will.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In whom also we haue obteined an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsell of his owne will:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And by him we have been chosen, even as he predesignated and willed, who worketh all according to the mind of his will;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And in him we are elected, according as he predestined us and willed, who worketh all things according to the counsel of his pleasure;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we have obtained an inheritance, 2820
{2820} Prime
κληρόω
kleroo
{klay-ro'-o}
From G2819; to allot, that is, (figuratively) to assign (a privilege).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
being predestinated 4309
{4309} Prime
προορίζω
proorizo
{pro-or-id'-zo}
From G4253 and G3724; to limit in advance, that is, (figuratively) predetermine.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the purpose 4286
{4286} Prime
πρόθεσις
prothesis
{proth'-es-is}
From G4388; a setting forth, that is, (figuratively) proposal (intention); specifically the show bread (in the Temple) as exposed before God.
of him who worketh 1754
{1754} Prime
ἐνεργέω
energeo
{en-erg-eh'-o}
From G1756; to be active, efficient.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
counsel 1012
{1012} Prime
βουλή
boule
{boo-lay'}
From G1014; volition, that is, (objectively) advice, or (by implication) purpose.
of his own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
will: 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ephesians 1:11

_ _ In whom — by virtue of union to whom.

_ _ obtained an inheritance — literally, “We were made to have an inheritance” [Wahl]. Compare Ephesians 1:18, “His inheritance in the saints”: as His inheritance is there said to be in them, so theirs is here said to be in Him (Acts 26:18). However, Ephesians 1:12, “That we should BE TO ... His glory” (not “that we should have”), favors the translation of Bengel, Ellicott, and others, “We were made an inheritance.” So the literal Israel (Deuteronomy 4:20; Deuteronomy 9:29; Deuteronomy 32:9). “Also” does not mean “we also,” nor as English Version, “in whom also”; but, besides His having “made known to us His will,” we were also “made His inheritance,” or “we have also obtained an inheritance.”

_ _ predestinated — (Ephesians 1:5). The foreordination of Israel, as the elect nation, answers to that of the spiritual Israelites, believers, to an eternal inheritance, which is the thing meant here. The “we” here and in Ephesians 1:12, means Jewish believers (whence the reference to the election of Israel nationally arises), as contrasted with “you” (Ephesians 1:13) Gentile believers.

_ _ purpose — repeated from “purposed” (Ephesians 1:9; Ephesians 3:11). The Church existed in the mind of God eternally, before it existed in creation.

_ _ counsel of his ... will — (Ephesians 1:5), “the good pleasure of His will.” Not arbitrary caprice, but infinite wisdom (“counsel”) joined with sovereign will. Compare his address to the same Ephesians in Acts 20:27, “All the counsel of God” (Isaiah 28:29). Alike in the natural and spiritual creations, God is not an agent constrained by necessity. “Wheresoever counsel is, there is election, or else it is vain; where a will, there must be freedom, or else it is weak” [Pearson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ephesians 1:11

Through whom we — Jews. Also have obtained an inheritance — The glorious inheritance of the heavenly Canaan, to which, when believers, we were predestinated according to the purpose of him that worketh all things after the counsel of his own will — The unalterable decree, "He that believeth shall be delivered;" which will is not an arbitrary will, but flowing from the rectitude of his nature, else, what security would there be that it would be his will to keep his word even with the elect?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ephesians 1:11

(15) In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh (o) all things after the counsel of his own will:

(15) He applies respectively the benefit of calling to the believing Jews, going back to the very source, so that they also may not attribute their salvation either to themselves, nor to their stock, nor any other thing, but only to the grace and mercy of God, both because they were called, and also because they were first called.

(o) All things are attributed to the grace of God without exception, and yet for all that we are not statues, for he gives us grace both to want, and to be able to do those things that are good; (Philippians 2:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we:

Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Psalms 37:18 The LORD knoweth the days of the upright: and their inheritance shall be for ever.
Acts 20:32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Romans 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Galatians 3:18 For if the inheritance [be] of the law, [it is] no more of promise: but God gave [it] to Abraham by promise.
Colossians 1:12 Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:
Colossians 3:24 Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ.
Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.

being:

Ephesians 1:5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

according:

Isaiah 46:10-11 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: ... Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.

the purpose:

Ephesians 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:

the counsel:

Ephesians 1:8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
Job 12:13 With him [is] wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding.
Proverbs 8:14 Counsel [is] mine, and sound wisdom: I [am] understanding; I have strength.
Isaiah 5:19 That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]!
Isaiah 28:29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, [which] is wonderful in counsel, [and] excellent in working.
Isaiah 40:13-14 Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] his counsellor hath taught him? ... With whom took he counsel, and [who] instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding?
Jeremiah 23:18 For who hath stood in the counsel of the LORD, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard [it]?
Jeremiah 32:19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes [are] open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Acts 4:28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
Romans 11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
Hebrews 6:17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 12:13. Ps 37:18. Pv 8:14. Is 5:19; 28:29; 40:13; 46:10. Jr 23:18; 32:19. Zc 6:13. Ac 2:23; 4:28; 20:27, 32; 26:18. Ro 8:17; 11:34. Ga 3:18. Ep 1:5, 8, 9, 14. Col 1:12; 3:24. Tit 3:7. He 6:17. Jm 2:5. 1P 1:4; 3:9.

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