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Ecclesiastes 9:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not anything, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the living know they will die; but the dead do not know anything, nor have they any longer a reward, for their memory is forgotten.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the living know that they shall die; but the dead know not anything, neither have they any more a reward, for the memory of them is forgotten.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the living, knew that they should die,—but, the dead, knew not, anything, neither had they any longer a reward, because forgotten was their memory.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For the living know that they die, and the dead know not anything, and there is no more to them a reward, for their remembrance hath been forgotten.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the living know that they shall die, but the dead know nothing more, neither have they a reward any more: for the memory of them is forgotten.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the liuing know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither [haue] they any more a reward, for the memorie of them is forgotten.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the living will know that they shall die: but the dead know nothing, and there is no longer any reward to them; for their memory is lost.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the living 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that they shall die: 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
but the dead 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
not x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
any thing, 3972
{3972} Prime
מְאוּמָה
m@uwmah
{meh-oo'-maw}
Apparently a form of H3971; properly a speck or point, that is, (by implication) something; with negative nothing.
neither x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
have they any more x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
a reward; 7939
{7939} Prime
שָׂכָר
sakar
{saw-kawr'}
From H7986; payment of contract; concretely salary, fare, maintenance; by implication compensation, benefit.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the memory 2143
{2143} Prime
זֵכֶר
zeker
{zay'-ker}
From H2142; a memento, abstractly recollection (rarely if ever); by implication commemoration.
of them is forgotten. 7911
{7911} Prime
שָׁכַח
shakach
{shaw-kakh'}
A primitive root; to mislay, that is, to be oblivious of, from want of memory or attention.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 9:5

_ _ know that they shall die — and may thereby be led “so to number their days, that they may apply their hearts to wisdom” (Ecclesiastes 7:1-4; Psalms 90:12).

_ _ dead know not anything — that is, so far as their bodily senses and worldly affairs are concerned (Job 14:21; Isaiah 63:16); also, they know no door of repentance open to them, such as is to all on earth.

_ _ neither ... reward — no advantage from their worldly labors (Ecclesiastes 2:18-22; Ecclesiastes 4:9).

_ _ memory — not of the righteous (Psalms 112:6; Malachi 3:16), but the wicked, who with all the pains to perpetuate their names (Psalms 49:11) are soon “forgotten” (Ecclesiastes 8:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 9:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 9:5

Die — Whereby they are taught to improve life. Any thing — Of the actions and events of this world. Reward — The fruit of their labours in this world, are utterly lost as to them. Forgotten — Even in those places where they had lived in great power and glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the living:

Ecclesiastes 7:2 [It is] better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that [is] the end of all men; and the living will lay [it] to his heart.
Job 30:23 For I know [that] thou wilt bring me [to] death, and [to] the house appointed for all living.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

the dead:

Job 14:21 His sons come to honour, and he knoweth [it] not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth [it] not of them.
Psalms 6:5 For in death [there is] no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?
Psalms 88:10-11 Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise [and] praise thee? Selah. ... Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? [or] thy faithfulness in destruction?
Isaiah 63:16 Doubtless thou [art] our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, [art] our father, our redeemer; thy name [is] from everlasting.

for the:

Ecclesiastes 2:16 For [there is] no remembrance of the wise more than of the fool for ever; seeing that which now [is] in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the wise [man]? as the fool.
Ecclesiastes 8:10 And so I saw the wicked buried, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city where they had so done: this [is] also vanity.
Job 7:8-10 The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no [more]: thine eyes [are] upon me, and I [am] not. ... He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more.
Psalms 109:15 Let them be before the LORD continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth.
Isaiah 26:14 [They are] dead, they shall not live; [they are] deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 7:8; 14:21; 30:23. Ps 6:5; 88:10; 109:15. Ec 2:16; 7:2; 8:10. Is 26:14; 63:16. He 9:27.

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