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Ecclesiastes 9:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare, even so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so [are] the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover, man does not know his time: like fish caught in a treacherous net and birds trapped in a snare, so the sons of men are ensnared at an evil time when it suddenly falls on them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so [are] the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are taken with the snare, like them are the children of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, indeed, man could not know his own time, like fishes which were caught in a cruel net, and like little birds which were caught in a trap,—like them, were ensnared the sons of men, by a time of misfortune, when it fell upon them suddenly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For even man knoweth not his time; as fish that are taken hold of by an evil net, and as birds that are taken hold of by a snare, like these [are] the sons of man snared at an evil time, when it falleth upon them suddenly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Man knoweth not his own end: but as fishes are taken with the hook, and as birds are caught with the snare, so men are taken in the evil time, when it shall suddenly come upon them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For man also knoweth not his time, as the fishes that are taken in an euil net, and as the birds that [are] caught in the snare; so are the sonnes of men snared in an euill time, when it falleth suddenly vpon them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For surely man also knows not his time: as fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as birds that are caught in a snare; even thus the sons of men are snared at an evil time, when it falls suddenly upon them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so [are] the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
knoweth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his time: 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
as the fishes 1709
{1709} Prime
דָּג
dag
{dawg}
From H1711; a fish (as prolific); or perhaps rather from H1672 (as timid); but still better from H1672 (in the sense of squirming, that is, moving by the vibratory action of the tail); a fish (often used collectively).
that are taken 270
{0270} Prime
אָחַז
'achaz
{aw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
in an evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
net, y4685
[4685] Standard
מָצוֹד
matsowd
{maw-tsode'}
From H6679; a net (for capturing animals or fishes); also (by interchange for H4679) a fastness or (besieging) tower.
x4686
(4686) Complement
מָצוּד
matsuwd
{maw-tsood'}
From H4685; a net, or (abstractly) capture; also a fastness.
and as the birds 6833
{6833} Prime
צִפּוֹר
tsippowr
{tsip-pore'}
From H6852; a little bird (as hopping).
that are caught 270
{0270} Prime
אָחַז
'achaz
{aw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
in the snare; 6341
{6341} Prime
פַּח
pach
{pakh}
From H6351; a (metallic) sheet (as pounded thin); also a spring net (as spread out like a lamina).
so y1992
[1992] Standard
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[are] the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of men 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
snared 3369
{3369} Prime
יָקֹשׁ
yaqosh
{yaw-koshe'}
A primitive root; to ensnare (literally or figuratively).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
in an evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
time, 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
when it falleth 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
suddenly 6597
{6597} Prime
פִּתְאוֹם
pith'owm
{pith-ome'}
From H6621; instantly.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 9:12

_ _ his time — namely, of death (Ecclesiastes 7:15; Isaiah 13:22). Hence the danger of delay in doing the work of God, as one knows not when his opportunity will end (Ecclesiastes 9:10).

_ _ evil net — fatal to them. The unexpected suddenness of the capture is the point of comparison. So the second coming of Jesus Christ, “as a snare” (Luke 21:35).

_ _ evil time — as an “evil net,” fatal to them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 9:11-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 9:12

His time — The time of his death, or other distress which God is bringing upon him. Are taken — While they are sporting and feeding themselves. When — When they are most careless and secure.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 9:12

For man also knoweth not his (g) time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so [are] the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

(g) That is, he does not foresee what will come.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
man:

Ecclesiastes 8:5-7 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment. ... For he knoweth not that which shall be: for who can tell him when it shall be?
Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.
Luke 19:42-44 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
2 Corinthians 6:2 (For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now [is] the accepted time; behold, now [is] the day of salvation.)
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

as the fishes:

Proverbs 7:22-23 He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks; ... Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it [is] for his life.
Habakkuk 1:14-17 And makest men as the fishes of the sea, as the creeping things, [that have] no ruler over them? ... Shall they therefore empty their net, and not spare continually to slay the nations?
2 Timothy 2:26 And [that] they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.

the sons:

Job 18:8-10 For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare. ... The snare [is] laid for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way.
Psalms 11:6 Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: [this shall be] the portion of their cup.
Psalms 73:18-20 Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction. ... As a dream when [one] awaketh; [so], O Lord, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
Proverbs 6:15 Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy.
Proverbs 29:6 In the transgression of an evil man [there is] a snare: but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.
Isaiah 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luke 12:39 And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
Luke 17:26-31 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. ... In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.
Luke 21:34-36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares. ... Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.
2 Peter 2:12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 18:8. Ps 11:6; 73:18. Pv 6:15; 7:22; 29:6. Ec 8:5, 11. Is 30:13. Hab 1:14. Lk 12:20, 39; 17:26; 19:42; 21:34. 2Co 6:2. 1Th 5:3. 2Ti 2:26. 1P 2:12. 2P 2:12.

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