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Ecclesiastes 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol, whither thou goest.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Whatever your hand finds to do, do [it] with [all] your might; for there is no activity or planning or knowledge or wisdom in Sheol where you are going.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whatever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Whatever thy hand findeth to do, do with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol, whither thou goest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, with thy might, do,—for there is no work nor calculation nor knowledge nor wisdom, in hades, whither, thou, art going.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— All that thy hand findeth to do, with thy power do, for there is no work, and device, and knowledge, and wisdom in Sheol whither thou art going.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whatsoever thy hand is able to do, do it earnestly: for neither work, nor reason, nor wisdom, nor knowledge shall be in hell, whither thou art hastening.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whatsoeuer thy hand findeth to doe, doe it with thy might: for [there is] no worke, nor deuice, nor knowledge, nor wisedome in the graue, whither thou goest.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whatsoever thine hand shall find to do, do with all thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave{gr.Hades} wither thou goest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whatsoever x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thy hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
findeth 4672
{4672} Prime
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to do, 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
do 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
[it] with thy might; 3581
{3581} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
[there is] no x369
(0369) Complement
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
work, 4639
{4639} Prime
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
nor device, 2808
{2808} Prime
From H2803; properly contrivance; by implication intelligence.
nor knowledge, 1847
{1847} Prime
From H3045; knowledge.
nor wisdom, 2451
{2451} Prime
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
in the grave, 7585
{7585} Prime
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
whither x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
thou x859
(0859) Complement
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
goest. 1980
{1980} Prime
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 9:10

_ _ Whatsoever — namely, in the service of God. This and last verse plainly are the language of Solomon, not of a skeptic, as Holden would explain it.

_ _ hand, etc. — (Leviticus 12:8, Margin; 1 Samuel 10:7, Margin).

_ _ thy might — diligence (Deuteronomy 6:5; Jeremiah 48:10, Margin).

_ _ no work ... in the grave — (John 9:4; Revelation 14:13). “The soul’s play-day is Satan’s work-day; the idler the man the busier the tempter” [South].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 9:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 9:10

Whatsoever — Whatever thou hast opportunity and ability to do, do it with unwearied diligence, and vigour and expedition. For — Thou canst neither design nor act any thing there tending to thy own comfort or advantage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thy hand:

Numbers 13:30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.
1 Chronicles 22:19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek the LORD your God; arise therefore, and build ye the sanctuary of the LORD God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and the holy vessels of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 28:20 And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do [it]: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, [even] my God, [will be] with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 29:2-3 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for [things to be made] of gold, and the silver for [things] of silver, and the brass for [things] of brass, the iron for [things] of iron, and wood for [things] of wood; onyx stones, and [stones] to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance. ... Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, [which] I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house,
2 Chronicles 31:20-21 And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and wrought [that which was] good and right and truth before the LORD his God. ... And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did [it] with all his heart, and prospered.
Ezra 6:14-15 And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they builded, and finished [it], according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia. ... And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.
Nehemiah 2:12-20 And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told I [any] man what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem: neither [was there any] beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon. ... Then answered I them, and said unto them, The God of heaven, he will prosper us; therefore we his servants will arise and build: but ye have no portion, nor right, nor memorial, in Jerusalem.
Nehemiah 3:1-16 Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel. ... After him repaired Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, the ruler of the half part of Bethzur, unto [the place] over against the sepulchres of David, and to the pool that was made, and unto the house of the mighty.
Nehemiah 4:2 And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a day? will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned?
Nehemiah 4:6 So built we the wall; and all the wall was joined together unto the half thereof: for the people had a mind to work.
Nehemiah 4:9-13 Nevertheless we made our prayer unto our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them. ... Therefore set I in the lower places behind the wall, [and] on the higher places, I even set the people after their families with their swords, their spears, and their bows.
Nehemiah 4:17-23 They which builded on the wall, and they that bare burdens, with those that laded, [every one] with one of his hands wrought in the work, and with the other [hand] held a weapon. ... So neither I, nor my brethren, nor my servants, nor the men of the guard which followed me, none of us put off our clothes, [saving that] every one put them off for washing.
Nehemiah 13:8-31 And it grieved me sore: therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber. ... And for the wood offering, at times appointed, and for the firstfruits. Remember me, O my God, for good.
Psalms 71:15-18 My mouth shall shew forth thy righteousness [and] thy salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers [thereof]. ... Now also when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not; until I have shewed thy strength unto [this] generation, [and] thy power to every one [that] is to come.
Jeremiah 29:13 And ye shall seek me, and find [me], when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
John 4:34 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.
Romans 12:11 Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
Romans 15:18-20 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed, ... Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation:
1 Corinthians 9:24 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.
1 Corinthians 9:26 I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:
1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
1 Corinthians 16:10 Now if Timotheus come, see that he may be with you without fear: for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also [do].
Ephesians 5:16 Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.
Colossians 3:23 And whatsoever ye do, do [it] heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;
2 Peter 1:12-15 Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know [them], and be established in the present truth. ... Moreover I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.


Ecclesiastes 9:5-6 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. ... Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any [thing] that is done under the sun.
Ecclesiastes 11:3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty [themselves] upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.
Job 14:7-12 For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. ... So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens [be] no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.
Psalms 6:5 For in death [there is] no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?
Psalms 88:10-12 Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise [and] praise thee? Selah. ... Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
Isaiah 38:18-19 For the grave cannot praise thee, death can [not] celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth. ... The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I [do] this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.
John 9:4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
Acts 20:25-31 And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more. ... Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.
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Nu 13:30. 1Ch 22:19; 28:20; 29:2. 2Ch 31:20. Ezr 6:14. Ne 2:12; 3:1; 4:2, 6, 9, 17; 13:8. Jb 14:7. Ps 6:5; 71:15; 88:10. Ec 9:5; 11:3. Is 38:18. Jr 29:13. Mt 6:33. Jn 4:34; 9:4. Ac 20:25. Ro 12:11; 15:18. 1Co 9:24, 26; 15:10; 16:10. Ep 5:16. Col 3:23. 2P 1:12.

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