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Ecclesiastes 8:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power over the day of death; and there is no discharge in war: neither shall wickedness deliver him that is given to it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— No man has authority to restrain the wind with the wind, or authority over the day of death; and there is no discharge in the time of war, and evil will not deliver those who practice it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There is no man who hath control over the spirit to retain the spirit; and no one hath control over the day of death; and there is no discharge in that war, neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— No man, hath power over the spirit, to retain the spirit, and, none, hath power over the day of death, and there is no furlough in war,—neither shall lawlessness deliver them who are given thereto.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— There is no man ruling over the spirit to restrain the spirit, and there is no authority over the day of death, and there is no discharge in battle, and wickedness delivereth not its possessors.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— It is not in man's power to stop the spirit, neither hath he power in the day of death, neither is he suffered to rest when war is at hand, neither shall wickedness save the wicked.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [There is] no man that hath power ouer the spirit to retaine the spirit; neither [hath] he power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in that warre, neither shall wickednesse deliuer those that are giuen to it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— There is no man that has power over the spirit to retain the spirit; and there is no power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in the day of the battle; neither shall ungodliness save her votary.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [There is] no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[There is] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that hath power 7989
{7989} Prime
שַּׁלִּיט
shalliyt
{shal-leet'}
From H7980; potent; concretely a prince or warrior.
over the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
to retain 3607
{3607} Prime
כָּלָא
kala'
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to restrict, by act (hold back or in) or word (prohibit).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the spirit; 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
neither x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
[hath he] power 7983
{7983} Prime
שִׁלְטוֹן
shiltown
{shil-tone'}
From H7980; a potentate.
in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of death: 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
and [there is] no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
discharge 4917
{4917} Prime
מִשְׁלַחַת
mishlachath
{mish-lakh'-ath}
Feminine of H4916; a mission, that is, (abstractly and favorable) release, or (concretely and unfavorable) an army.
in [that] war; 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall wickedness 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
deliver 4422
{4422} Prime
מָלַט
malat
{maw-lat'}
A primitive root; properly to be smooth, that is, (by implication) to escape (as if by slipperiness); causatively to release or rescue; specifically to bring forth young, emit sparks.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
those that are given 1167
{1167} Prime
בַּעַל
ba`al
{bah'-al}
From H1166; a master; hence a husband, or (figuratively) owner (often used with another noun in modifications of this latter sense.
to it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 8:8

_ _ spirit — “breath of life” (Ecclesiastes 3:19), as the words following require. Not “wind,” as Weiss thinks (Proverbs 30:4). This verse naturally follows the subject of “times” and “judgment” (Ecclesiastes 8:6, Ecclesiastes 8:7).

_ _ discharge — alluding to the liability to military service of all above twenty years old (Numbers 1:3), yet many were exempted (Deuteronomy 20:5-8). But in that war (death) there is no exemption.

_ _ those ... given to — literally, the master of it. Wickedness can get money for the sinner, but cannot deliver him from the death, temporal and eternal, which is its penalty (Isaiah 28:15, Isaiah 28:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 8:6-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 8:8

To retain — To keep it in the body. This is added as another evidence of man's misery. No discharge — In that fatal conflict between life and death, when a man is struggling with death, though to no purpose, for death will be always conqueror. Neither — And although wicked men, who most fear death, use all possible means, to free themselves from it, yet they shall not escape it. The most subtle wickedness cannot outwit death, nor the most daring wickedness out — brave it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 8:8

[There is] no man that hath power (g) over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither [hath he] power in the day of death: and [there is] no discharge in [that] war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.

(g) Man has no power to save his own life and therefore must not rashly cast himself into danger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is no:

Ecclesiastes 3:21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and [are] as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect [any] person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
Job 14:5 Seeing his days [are] determined, the number of his months [are] with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;
Job 34:14 If he set his heart upon man, [if] he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
Psalms 49:6-9 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; ... That he should still live for ever, [and] not see corruption.
Psalms 89:48 What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

power:

1 Corinthians 15:43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.

discharge:
or, casting off weapons,
Deuteronomy 20:1-8 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, [and] a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God [is] with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. ... And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man [is there that is] fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his heart.
2 Kings 7:15 And they went after them unto Jordan: and, lo, all the way [was] full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians had cast away in their haste. And the messengers returned, and told the king.

neither:

Psalms 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God.
Psalms 52:5-7 God shall likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of [thy] dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah. ... Lo, [this is] the man [that] made not God his strength; but trusted in the abundance of his riches, [and] strengthened himself in his wickedness.
Psalms 73:18-28 Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction. ... But [it is] good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord GOD, that I may declare all thy works.
Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
Isaiah 28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
Isaiah 28:18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 20:1. 2S 14:14. 2K 7:15. Jb 14:5; 34:14. Ps 9:17; 49:6; 52:5; 73:18; 89:48. Pv 14:32. Ec 3:21. Is 28:15, 18. 1Co 15:43. 2Co 13:4. He 9:27.

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